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Loss, Trauma, and Emotion Lab

George Bonanno, Ph.D., Teachers College, Columbia University
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  • Publications

    Peer reviewed journal articles

    updated 11-15-15  (reprints available on request:

    Levy-Gigi, E., Richter-Levin, G., Okon-Singer, H., Kéri, S., & Bonanno, G.A., (in press). The hidden price and possible benefit of repeated traumatic exposure. Stress.


    McGiffin, J. N., Galatzer-Levy, I. R., & Bonanno, G. A. (in press). Is the ICU Traumatic? What we know and don't know about the ICU and posttraumatic stress responses. Rehabilitation Psychology


    Mancini, A.D., Sinan, B., & Bonanno, G.A. (2015). Predictors of prolonged grief, recovery, and resilience among bereaved spouses. Journal of Clinical Psychology


    Galatzer-Levy, I. R, & Bonanno, G. A. (in press). It’s not so easy to make resilience go away: Commentary on Infurna and Luthar (2015). Perspectives on Psychological Science.


    Burton, C. E., & Bonanno, G. A. (in press). Measuring Ability to Enhance and Suppress Emotional Expression: The Flexible Regulation of Emotional Expression (FREE) Scale. Psychological Assessment


    Maccallum, F., & Bonanno, G. A. (in press). The economics of losing a loved one: Delayed reward discounting in Prolonged Grief. Clinical Psychological Science.


    McGreevy, C. A., Bonanno, G. A., & D’Andrea, W. (in press). Variation in the physiological costs and benefits of rumination and distraction: the moderating effect of habitual thought suppression. Personality and Individual Differences


    Kudinova, A., Owens, M., Burkhouse, K. Barretto, K., Bonanno, G. A., & Gibb, B. (in press). Differences in Emotion Modulation Using Cognitive Reappraisal in Individuals With and Without Suicidal Ideation: An ERP Study. Cognition and Emotion


    Lerner, E., Bonanno, G. A., Keatley, E., Joscelyne, A., & Keller, A. (in press). Predictors of suicidal ideation in treatment seeking survivors of torture. Psychological Trauma


    Levy-Gigi, E., Bonanno, G.A., Shapiro, A. R., Richter-Levin, G., Szabolcs, K., & Sheppes, G. (in press). Emotion regulatory flexibility sheds light on the elusive relationship between repeated traumatic exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms. Clinical Psychological Science


    Maccallum, F., Galatzer-Levy, I. R., & Bonanno, G. A. (2015). Trajectories of depression following spousal and child bereavement: A comparison of the heterogeneity in outcomes. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 69, 72-79


    Bonanno, G. A., Romero, S., & Klein, S. (2015). The temporal elements of psychological resilience: An integrative framework for the study of individuals, families, and communities. Psychological Inquiry, 26, 139-169.


    Olsson, A., Kross, E., Norberg, S., Weinberg, A., Weber J., Schmer-Galunder, S., Fossella, J., Wager, T., Bonanno, G. A., & Ochsner, K. (2015). Neural and genetic markers of vulnerability to posttraumatic stress symptoms among survivors of the World Trade Center attacks. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 10, 863-868

    Yan, O., & Bonanno, G. A. (in press). How self-enhancers adapt well to loss: The meditational role of loneliness and social functioning. Journal of Positive Psychology


    Mancini, A. D., Sinan, B., & Bonanno, G. A. (2015). A Retrospective Method for Identifying Longitudinal Trajectories of Adjustment following Acute Stress. Assessment, 22, 398-208.


    Galatzer-Levy, I. R., & Bonanno, G. A. (2015). Optimism and Death: Predicting the Course and Consequences of Depression Trajectories in Response to Acute Coronary Syndrome. Psychological Science, 25, 2177-2188

    Burton, C. L., Galatzer-Levy, I. R., & Bonanno, G. A. (2015). Treatment type and demographic characteristics as predictors for cancer adjustment: Prospective trajectories of depression symptoms in a population sample. Health Psychology, 34, 602-609.


    Denckla, C. A., Bornstein, R. F., Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2015).  Extending the construct validity of dependency among Conjugally Bereaved Adults. Assessment, 22, 385-393.



    Southwick, S. M., Bonanno, G. A., Masten, A. S., Panter-Brick, C., & Yehuda, R. (2014). Resilience definitions, theory, and challenges: Interdisciplinary perspectives. European Journal of Psychotraumatology, 5.

    Saita, E., Zuliani, C., Molgora, S., Bonanno, G. A. (2014). Promozione e tutela della salute in diversi conte-sti di convivenz: Lo screening mammografico al nord e sud d’Italia. Narrare i Gruppi, 9 (3),

    Hall, B. J., Bonanno, G. A., Bolton, P. A., & Bass, J. K. (2014). A longitudinal investigation of changes in social resources associated with psychological distress among Kurdish torture survivors living in Northern Iraq. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27, 446-453.


    Lotterman, J. H, & Bonanno, G. A. (2014). Those were the days: Memory bias for the frequency of positive events, depression, and self-enhancement. Memory, 22, 935-938.


    Burton, C. L., Bonanno, G. A., & Hatzenbueher, M. L. (2014). Familial social support predicts a reduced cortisol response to stress in sexual minority young adults. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 47, 241-245.


    Orcutt, H. K., Bonanno, G. A., Hannan, S. M., & Miron, L. R. (2014). Prospective trajectories of posttraumatic stress following a campus mass shooting. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27, 1-8.


    Zhu, Z., Galatzer-Levy, I., & Bonanno, G. A. (2014). Heterogeneous depression responses to chronic pain onset among middle-aged adults: A prospective study. Psychiatry Research, 217, 60-66.


    Diminich, E. D, & Bonanno, G. A. (2014). Faces, Feelings, Words: Divergence across channels of emotional responding in Complicated Grief. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 123, 350-361.


    Lotterman, J. H., Bonanno, G. A., & Galatzer-Levy, I. R. (2014). The heterogeneity of long-term grief reactions. Journal of Affective Disorders, 167, 12-19.


    Westphal, M., Bonanno, G. A., & Mancini, A. D. (2014). Attachment and attentional biases for facial expressions of disgust. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 33(2), 169-186.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Burton, C. L. (2013). Regulatory Flexibility: An individual differences perspective on coping and emotion regulation. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 8(6), 591-612.

    Dekel, S., Ein-Dor, T., Gordon, K., Rosen, J., & Bonanno, G. A. (2013). Cortisol and PTSD symptoms among male and female high-exposure 9/11 survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 621-625


    Galatzer-Levy, I. R., & Bonanno, G. A. (2013). Heterogeneous patterns of stress over the four years of college: Associations with anxious attachment and ego-resiliency. Journal of Personality, 81, 476-486.


    Zhu, Z., Ho, S. M. Y., & Bonanno, G. A. (2013). Cultural similarities and differences in the perception of emotional valence and intensity: A comparison of Americans and Hong Kong Chinese. American Journal of Psychology


    Bullock, A. B., & Bonanno, G. A. (2013). Attentional Bias and Complicated Grief: A Dot-Probe Task with Emotional Faces. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 4, 194-207.


    Galatzer-Levy, I. R., Bonanno, G. A., Bush, D.E.A., & LeDoux, J. E. (2013). Heterogeneity in threat extinction learning: Substantive and methodological considerations for identifying individual differences in response to stress. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 7, 1-7.

    Bonanno, G. A. (2013). How prevalent is resilience following sexual assault? Journal of Traumatic Stress, 26, 1-2


    Bonanno, G. A. (2013). Meaning making, adversity, and regulatory flexibility. Memory, 21, 150-156.


    Dekel, S., & Bonanno, G.A. (2013). Changes in trauma memory and patterns of posttraumatic stress. Psychological Trauma, 5, 26-34.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Diminich, E. D. (2013).  Positive adjustment to adversity: Trajectories of minimal-impact resilience and emergent resilience. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry: Annual Research Review, 54, 378-401


    Galatzer-Levy, I., & Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Beyond normality in the study of bereavement: Heterogeneity in depression outcomes following loss in older adults. Social Science and Medicine.


    Bonanno, G. A., Westphal, M., & Mancini, A. D. (2012). Loss, trauma, and resilience in adulthood. Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 32, 189-210.


    Bonanno, G. A., Kennedy, P., Galatzer-Levy, I., Lude, P., & Elfström, M. L. (2012). Trajectories of resilience, depression, and anxiety following spinal cord injury.Rehabilitation Psychology, 57, 236-247.


    Galatzer-Levy, I., Burton, C. L., & Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Coping flexibility, potentially traumatic life events, and resilience: A prospective study of college student adjustment. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 31, 542-567.


    Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2012). The persistence of attachment: Complicated Grief, threat, and reaction times associated with the deceased’s name. Journal of Affective Disorders, 139, 259-263

    Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Uses and abuses of the resilience construct: Loss, trauma, and health-related adversities. Social Science and Medicine, 74, 753-756.

    Bonanno, G. A., Mancini, A. D., Horton, J. L., Powell, T., LeardMann, C. A., Boyko, E. J., Wells, T. S., Hooper, T. I., Gackstetter, G. D., & Smith, T. C. (2012). Trajectories of trauma symptoms and resilience in deployed U.S. Military service members: A prospective cohort study. British Journal of Psychiatry, 200, 317-323.

    Lam, W. T., Wylie, W. Y. L., Bonanno, G. A., Mancini, A. D., Chan, M., Or, A., & Fielding, R. (2012). Trajectories of body image and sexuality in the year following diagnosis of breast cancer and their relationship to 6 years psychological outcomes. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment


    Bonanno, G. A.(2012). Resilience and variability following oil rig disasters. Psychiatry: Interpersonal and biological processes.


    Burton, C. L., Yan, O. Y., Pat-Horenczyk, R., Chan, I. S. F., Ho, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2012). Coping flexibility and complicated grief: A comparison of American and Chinese samples. Depression and Anxiety, 29, 16-22.

    Lam, W. T., Shing, Y. T., Bonanno, G. A., Mancini, A. D., & Fielding, R. (2012). Distress trajectories at the first year diagnosis of breast cancer in relation to 6-years survivorship.  Psycho-oncology, 21, 90-99.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Mancini, A. D. (2012). Beyond resilience and PTSD: Mapping the heterogeneity of responses to potential trauma. Psychological Trauma, 4, 74-83. 

    Mancini, A.D., Griffin, P., & Bonanno, G.A., (2012). Recent trends in the treatment of prolonged grief. Current Opinion in Psychiatry, 25, 46-51.



    Denckla, C. A., Bornstein, R. F., Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2011). Adaptive and Maladaptive Dependency in Bereavement: Distinguishing Prolonged and Resolved Grief Trajectories. Personality and Individual Differences, 51, 1012-1017.

    Galatzer-Levy, I., Murzursky, H., Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2011). What we don’t expect when expecting: Evidence for heterogeneity in subjective well-being in response to parenthood. Journal of Family Psychology, 25, 384-392.

    Hobfoll, S. E., Mancini, A. D., Hall, B. J., Canetti, D., & Bonanno, G. A.(2011).  The limits of resilience: Distress following chronic political violence in the Palestinian authority. Social Science and Medicine, 72, 1400-1408.


    Gupta, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2011). Complicated grief and deficits in emotional expressive flexibility. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 120, 635-643.


    Watson, P. J., Brymer, M. J., & Bonanno, G. A.(2011). Post-disaster psychological intervention since 9/11. American Psychologist, 66, 482-494.


    Ong, A. D., Fuller-Rowell, T. E., Bonanno, G. A., & Almeida, D. M. (2011). Spousal loss predicts alterations in diurnal cortisol activity through prospective changes in positive emotion. Health Psychology, 30, 220-227.


    Mancini, A. D., Bonanno, G. A., & Clark, A. E. (2011). Stepping off the hedonic treadmill: Individual differences in response to major life events. Journal of Individual Differences, 32, 144-152.


    Mancini, A.D., & Prati, G., & Bonanno, G.A. (2011). Do shattered worldviews lead to complicated grief? Prospective and longitudinal analyses. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 30, 184-215.


    LaLande, K. M., & Bonanno, G. A. (2011). Retrospective memory bias for the frequency of potentially traumatic events. Psychological Trauma, 3, 165-170


    Bonanno, G. A., Pat-Horenzcyk, R., & Noll, J. E. (2011). Coping flexibility and trauma: The perceived ability to cope with trauma (PACT) scale. Psychological Trauma, 3, 117-129.


    Gupta, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2011). Anger expression and adaptation to childhood sexual abuse: The role of disclosure. Psychological Trauma, 3, 171-180.


    Bonanno, G. A., Westphal, M., & Mancini, A. D. (2011). Resilience to loss and potential trauma. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 7, 511-535.


    Stein, T. R., Bonanno, G. A., & Gershefski, P. A. (2011). Trait self-enhancement, immune markers, and risk-reduction behaviors in HIV-positive gay men. Journal of HIV/AIDS and social services, 10, 1-20.


    Galatzer-Levy, I. R., Bonanno, G. A., & Mancini, A. D. (2010). From Marianthal to Latent Growth Mixture Modeling: A return to the exploration of individual differences in response to unemployment. Journal of Neuroscience, Psychology, and Economics, 3, 116-125.


    Bonanno, G. A., Brewin, C. R., Kaniasty, K. & La Greca, A. M, (2010). Weighing the costs of disaster: Consequences, risks, and resilience in individuals, families, and communities. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 11(1), 1-49.


    Lam, W. T., Bonanno, G. A., Mancini, A. D., Ho, S. M. Y., Chan, M., Huan, W. K., Or, A., & Fielding, R. (2010). Trajectories of psychological distress among Chinese women diagnosed with breast cancer. Psycho-oncology, 19, 1044-1051.


    One, A. D., Fuller-Rowell, T. E., & Bonanno, G. A. (2010). Prospective predictors of positive emotions following spousal loss. Psychology and Aging, 25, 631-640.


    Coifman, K. G., & Bonanno, G. A. (2010). When distress does not become depression: Emotion context sensitivity and recovery from bereavement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 119, 479-490.


    Ho, S. M.Y., Ho, J. W. C., Bonanno, G. A., Chu, A. T. W., & Chan, E. M. S. (2010). Hopefulness predicts resilience after hereditary colorectal cancer genetic testing: A prospective outcome trajectories study. BMC Cancer, 10, 279


    Gupta, S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2010). Trait self-enhancement as a buffer against potentially traumatic events: A prospective study. Psychological Trauma, 2, 83-92


    DeRoon-Cassini, T., Mancini, A. D., Rusch, M., & Bonanno, G. A. (2010). Psychopathology and resilience following traumatic injury: A latent growth mixture model analysis. Rehabilitation Psychology, 55, 1-11.


    Westphal, M., Seivert, N. H., & Bonanno, G. A. (2010). Expressive flexibility. Emotion, 10, 92-100.



    Dominick, S, A., Irvine, A. B., Beauchamp, T., Seeley, J., Nolen-Hoeksema, S., Doka, K, & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). An Internet tool to normalize grief. Omega: The Journal of Death and Dying, 60, 71-87.


    Prigerson, H. G., Horowitz, M. J., Jacobs, S. C., Parkes, C. M., Aslan, M., Raphael, B., Marwit, S. J., Wortman, C. B., Goodkin, K., Neimeyer, R. A. Bonanno, G. A., Block, S. D., Kissan, D., Boellen, P., Maercker, A., Litz, B., Johnson, J. G., First, M. B., & Maciejewski, P. K. (2009). Field trials of consensus criteria for Prolonged Grief Disorder proposed for DSM-V. PLoS Medicine, 6, 1-22


    Mancini, A.D., Robinaugh, D., Shear, M.K., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Does attachment avoidance help people cope with loss? The moderating effects of relationship quality. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 65, 1127-1136.


    Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Predictors and parameters of resilience to loss: Toward an individual differences model. Journal of Personality, 77, 1-27


    Goorin, L., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Would you buy a used car from a self-enhancer? Social benefits and illusions in trait Self-enhancement. Self and Identity, 8, 162-175.


    Cervellione, K. L., Lee, Y. S., & Bonanno, G. A. (2009). Rasch modeling of the Self-Deception Scale of the Balanced Inventory of Desirable Responding. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 69, 438-458.



    Bonanno, G. A. (2008).* Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely adverse events? Psychological Trauma, S(1),101-113. *Reprinted from American Psychologist, 59, 20-28 (2004).


    Bonanno, G. A., Ho, S.M.Y., Chan, J.C.K, Kwong, R.S.Y., Cheung, C.K.Y.,Wong, C.P.Y., & Wong, V.C.W. (2008).  Psychological resilience and dysfunction among hospitalized survivors of the SARS epidemic in Hong Kong: A latent class approach. Health Psychology, 27, 659-667.        


    Bonanno, G. A., & Lilienfeld, S. O. (2008). Let’s be realistic: When grief counseling is effective and when it’s not. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 39, 377-380.


    Bonanno, G. A. (2008). Grief, trauma, and resilience. Australian Journal of Grief and Bereavement, 11, 11-17.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Mancini, A. D. (2008). The human capacity to thrive in the face of extreme adversity. Pediatrics, 121, 369-375.


    Papa, A., & Bonanno, G. A. (2008). Smiling in the face of adversity: Interpersonal and intrapersonal functions of smiling. Emotion, 8, 1-12.


    Wu, L., Bonanno, G. A., DuHamel, K., Redd, W. H., Rini, C., Austin, J., Nereo, N., Ostroff, J., Parsons, S., Martini, R.,Williams, S., Mee, L., Sexson, S., & Manne, S. (2008). Pre-bereavement meaning and post-bereavement distress in mothers of children who underwent Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. British Journal of Health Psychology, 13, 419-433.



    Bonanno, G. A., Colak, D. M., Keltner, D., Shiota, L., Papa, A., Noll, J. G., Putnam, F. W., & Trickett, P. K.  (2007). Context matters: The benefits and costs of expressing positive emotion among survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Emotion, 7, 824-837.


    Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D. (2007). What predicts psychological resilience after disaster? The role of demographics, resources, and life stress. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 671-682.


    Pressman, D., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2007). With whom do we grief? Social and cultural determinants of grief processing in the United States and China. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 24,729-746.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Boerner, K. (2007). The stage theory of grief. JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 297, 2693.


    Westphal, M., & Bonanno, G. A. (2007). Posttraumatic growth and resilience to trauma: Different sides of the same coin or different coins? Applied Psychology: An International Review, 56, 416-426.


    Coifman, K. G., Bonanno, G. A., Ray, R., & Gross, J. J. (2007).  Does repressive coping promote resilience? Affective-autonomic response discrepancy during bereavement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 745-758.


    Bonanno, G. A., Neria, Y., Mancini, A. D., Coifman, D., Litz, B. & Insel, B. (2007). Is there more to complicated grief than depression and PTSD? A test of incremental validity. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 116, 342-351.


    Coifman, K. G., Bonanno, G. A., & Rafaeli, E. (2007). Affective dynamics, bereavement, and resilience to loss. Journal of Happiness Studies, 8, 371-392.



    Bonanno, G. A. (2006). The illusion of repressed memory. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 29, 515-516.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Jost, J. T. (2006). Conservative shift among high-exposure survivors of the September 11th terrorist attack. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 28, 311-323.


    Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2006). Marital closeness, functional disability, and adjustment in late life. Psychology and Aging, 21, 600-610.


    Bonanno, G. A. (2006). Is Complicated Grief a valid construct? Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 13, 129-134.


    Mancini, A. D., & Bonanno, G. A. (2006). Resilience in the face of potential trauma: Clinical practices and illustrations. Journal of Clinical Psychology: In session, 62, 971-985.


    Lalande, K., & Bonanno, G. A. (2006). Culture and continued bonds during bereavement: A prospective comparison in the United States and China. Death Studies, 30, 303-324.


    Bonanno, G. A., Galea, S., Bucciarelli, A., & Vlahov, D. (2006).  Psychological resilience after disaster: New York City in the aftermath of the September 11th Terrorist Attack. Psychological Science, 17, 181-186.


    Fraley, R. C., Fazzari, D. A., Bonanno, G. A., & Dekel, S. (2006). Attachment and Psychological Adaptation in High Exposure Survivors of the September 11th Attack on the WorldTrade Center. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 32, 538 - 551.


    Negrao, II, C., Bonanno, G. A., Noll, J. G., Putnam, F. W., & Trickett, P. K.  (2005). Shame, humiliation, and childhood sexual abuse: Distinct contributions and emotional coherence. Child Maltreatment, 4, 350-363.


    Bonanno, G. A. (2005).*  Resilience in the face of potential trauma. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14, 135-138. *Reprinted in S.O. Lilienfeld, J. Ruscio, & S. J Lynn (Eds.), Navigating the mindfield: A guide to separating science from pseudoscience in mental health (2008), Amherst, MA: Prometheus Books.


    Bonanno, G. A., Rennicke, C., & Dekel, S. (2005). Self-Enhancement among high-exposure survivors of the September 11th terrorist attack: Resilience or social maladjustment? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 984-998.


    Bonanno, G. A., Moskowitz, J. T., Papa, A., & Folkman, S. (2005). Resilience to loss in bereaved spouses, bereaved parents, and bereaved gay men. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 827-843.


    Bonanno, G. A. (2005). Clarifying and extending the construct of adult resilience. American Psychologist, 60, 265-267.


    Boerner, K., Wortman, C. B., & Bonanno, G. A. (2005). Resilient or at risk?: A four-year study of older adults who initially showed high or low distress following conjugal loss. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Science, 60B, P67-P73.


    Bonanno, G. A., Papa, A., Lalande, K., Nanping, Z., & Noll, J. G. (2005). Grief processing and deliberate grief avoidance: A prospective comparison of bereaved spouses and parents in the United States and People’s Republic of China. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 86-98.


    Ayers, T.,  Balk, D., Bolle, J, Bonanno, G. A., Connor, S. R., Cook, A. S., Doka, K., Goodkin, K., Hall, M., Hansson, R. O., Klass, D., Moss, M.,  Nadeau, J. W., Neimeyer, R. A., Oltjenbruns, K. A., Prigerson, H.,  Rosenblatt, P.,  Sandler, I., Shapiro, E. R., Silver, R. C., & Weiss, R. S. (2004). Report on bereavement and grief research. Death Studies, 28, 491-575.


    Bonanno, G. A., Wortman, C. B., & Nesse, R. M.  (2004).  Prospective patterns of resilience and maladjustment during widowhood. Psychology and Aging, 19, 260-271.


    Bonanno, G. A., Papa, A., Lalande, K., Westphal, M., & Coifman, K. (2004). The importance of being flexible: The ability to enhance and suppress emotional expression predicts long-term adjustment. Psychological Science, 157, 482-487.


    Fraley, R. C., & Bonanno, G. A. (2004).  Attachment and loss: A test of three competing models on the association between attachment-related avoidance and adaptation to bereavement. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 878-890.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Keltner, D.  (2004). The coherence of emotion systems: Comparing “on-line” measures of appraisal and facial expression, and self-report. Cognition and Emotion, 18, 431-444.


    Kassett, J. A.,  Bonanno, G. A., & Notarius, C. I.  (2004). Affective scaffolding: A process measure of psychotherapeutic outcome with a traumatized child. Journal of Infant, Child, and Adolescent Psychotherapy, 3, 92-118.


    Bonanno, G. A. (2004).* Loss, trauma, and human resilience: Have we underestimated the human capacity to thrive after extremely adverse events? American Psychologist, 59, 20-28. *Identified as a New Hot Paper, based on citation frequency, Science Citation Index.



    Noll, J.G., Horowitz, L. A., Bonanno, G. A., Trickett, P. K., & Putnam, F. W.  (2003). Revictimization and self-harm in females who experienced childhood sexual abuse: Results from a prospective study. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 18, 1452-1471.


    Bonanno, G. A., Noll, J. G., Putnam, F. W., O'Neill, M., & Trickett, P.  (2003). Predicting the willingness to disclose childhood sexual abuse from measures of repressive coping and dissociative experiences. Child Maltreatment, 8, 1-17.


    Field, N. P., Gal-Oz, E., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2003). Continuing bonds and adjustment at five years after the death of a spouse.  Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 110-117.


    Kaltman, S., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2003). Trauma and bereavement: Examining the impact of sudden and violent deaths. Journal of Anxiety Disorders, 17, 131-147.



    Bonanno, G. A., Wortman, C. B., Lehman, D. R., Tweed, R. G.,  Haring, M., Sonnega, J.,  Carr, D.,  & Neese, R. M. ( 2002). Resilience to loss and chronic grief: A prospective study from pre-loss to 18 months post-loss. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83. 1150-1164.


    Consedine, N., Magai, C., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2002). Moderators of the emotion inhibition-health relationship: A review and research agenda.  Review of General Psychology, 6, 204-238.


    Bonanno, G. A., Keltner, D., Noll, J. G., Putnam, F. W., Trickett, P., LeJeune, J., & Anderson, C.  (2002). When the face reveals what words do not: Facial expressions of emotion, smiling, and the willingness to disclose childhood sexual abuse. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 94-110.


    Bonanno, G. A.,  Field, N. P., Kovacevic, A., & Kaltman, S.  (2002). Self-Enhancement as a buffer against extreme adversity: Civil war in Bosnia and traumatic loss in the United States. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 184-196.



    Bonanno, G. A.,  Papa, A., & O'Neill, K.  (2001). Loss and human resilience.  Applied and Preventative Psychology, 10, 193-206.


    Bauer, J., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). I can, I do, I am: The narrative differentiation of self-efficacy and other self-evaluations while adapting to bereavement. Journal of Research in Personality, 35, 434-448.


    Bauer, J., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). Continuity and discontinuity: Bridging one's past and present in stories of conjugal bereavement.  Narrative Inquiry, 11, 1-36.


    Safer, M. A., Bonanno, G. A., & Field, N. P.  (2001). It was never that bad: Biased recall of grief and long-term adjustment to the death of a spouse. Memory, 9, 195-204.


    Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). The crucial importance of empirical evidence in the development of bereavement theory: A reply to Archer (2001).  Psychological Bulletin, 127, 561-564.


    Bauer, J. & Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). Being and doing well (for the most part): Adaptive patterns of narrative self-evaluation during bereavement. Journal of Personality, 69, 451-482.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Kaltman, S.  (2001). The varieties of grief experience. Clinical Psychology Review, 21, 705-734.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Field, N. P.  (2001). Examining the delayed grief hypothesis across five years of bereavement. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 798-806.


    Field, N. P., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). The role of blame on adaptation in the first five years following the death of a spouse. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 764-781.


    Bonanno, G. A.  (2001). New directions in bereavement research and theory. American Behavioral Scientist, 44, 718-725.


    2000 and earlier

    Field, N. P., Bonanno, G. A., Williams, P., & Horowitz, M. J.  (2000).  Appraisals of blame in adjustment to conjugal bereavement.  Cognitive Therapy and Research, 24, p. 549-568.


    Capps, L., & Bonanno, G. A.  (2000). Narrating bereavement: Thematic and grammatical predictors of adjustment to loss.  Discourse Processes, 30, 1-25.


    Sherman, R., Bonanno, G. A., Wiener, L.,  & Battles, H. B.  (2000).  When children tell their friends they have AIDS: Possible consequences for psychological well-being and disease progression. Psychosomatic Medicine, 62, 238-247.


    Bonanno, G. A.,  Mihalecz, M. C., & LeJeune, J. T. (1999). The core emotion themes of conjugal bereavement.  Motivation and Emotion, 23, 175-201.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Kaltman, S. (1999).  Toward an integrative perspective on bereavement.  Psychological Bulletin, 125, 760-776.


    Bonanno, G. A., Znoj, H. J., Siddique, H., & Horowitz, M. J. (1999). Verbal-autonomic response dissociation and adaptation to midlife conjugal loss: A follow-up at 25 months. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 23, 605-624.


    Keltner, D., Kring, A. M., & Bonanno, G. A.  (1999).   Fleeting signs of the course of life: Facial expressions of emotion and personal adjustment. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 8, 18-22.


    Bonanno, G. A. (1999). Laughter during bereavement.  Bereavement Care, 18, 19-22.


    Bonanno, G. A., Notarius, C. I., Gunzerath, L., Keltner, D., & Horowitz, M. J.  (1998). Interpersonal ambivalence, perceived dyadic adjustment, and conjugal loss. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66,1012-1022.


    Horowitz, M. J., Milbrath, C., Bonanno, G. A., Field, N., Stinson, C, & Holen, A.  (1998).  Predictors of complicated grief.  Journal of Personal and Interpersonal Loss, 3, 257-267.


    Maercker, A., Bonanno, G. A.,  Horowitz, M. J., & Znoj, H.  (1998). Prediction of Complicated Grief by positive and negative themes in narratives. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 54,


    Keltner, D., & Bonanno, G. A.  (1997). A study of laughter and dissociation: Distinct correlates of laughter and smiling during bereavement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 687-702.


    Horowitz, M. J., Siegel, B., Holen, A., Bonanno, G. A., Milbrath, C. & Stinson, C. (1997). Diagnostic criteria for Complicated Grief Disorder: An empirical evaluation. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154, 904-910.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Keltner, D.  (1997).  Facial expressions of emotion and the course of conjugal bereavement. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 106, 126-137.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Castonguay, L. G.  (1996). Indicatiestelling in de psychotherapie: Patronene van aandacht, motivatie en persoonlijkeid als behandelingsindiactie. Psychotherapie, 1, 37-64.


    Bonanno, G. A., Keltner, D., Holen, A., & Horowitz, M. J.  (1995). When avoiding unpleasant emotions might not be such a bad thing: Verbal-autonomic response dissociation and midlife conjugal bereavement.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 69, 975-989.


    Lorig, T. S., Singer, J. L., Bonanno, G. A., Davis, P. J., & Schwartz, G. E.  (1995). Repressor personality and EEG patterns associated with affective memory and thought suppression. Imagination, Cognition, and Personality, 14, 203-210.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Castonguay, L. G.  (1994).  On balancing approaches to psychotherapy: Prescriptive patterns of attention, motivation, and personality. Psychotherapy, 31, 571-587.


    Horowitz, M. J., Bonanno, G. A., & Holen, A.  (1993).  Pathological grief: Diagnosis and explanation. Psychosomatic Medicine, 55, 260-273.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Wexler, B. E.  (1992).  The selective perception and recognition of single words from competing dichotic stimulus pairs. Consciousness and Cognition, 1, 241-264.


    Bonanno, G. A., Davis, P. J., Singer, J. L., & Schwartz, G. E.  (1991). The repressor personality and avoidant information processing: A dichotic listening study. Journal of Research in Personality, 25, 386-401.


    Bonanno, G. A.  (1990). Remembering and psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 27, 175‑186.


    Bonanno, G. A.  (1990). Repression, accessibility, and the translation of private experience. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 7, 453‑473.


    Bonanno, G. A. (1989). Sampling conscious thought: Influences of repression‑sensitization and reporting conditions.  Imagination, Cognition & Personality, 8, 293‑306.


    Davis, P. J., Singer, J. L., Bonanno, G. A., & Schwartz, G. E. (1988).  Repressor personality style and response bias during an affective memory recognition task: A signal detection analysis. Australian Journal of Psychology, 40, 147‑157.


    Bonanno, G. A., & Stillings, N. A.  (1986).  Preference, familiarity, and recognition after brief exposures to random geometric shapes. American Journal of Psychology, 99, 403‑415.