English Education
Teachers College, Columbia University
Teachers College
Columbia University

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Degree Requirements

MASTER OF ARTS (M.A., 34, 35, and 38 credits)

REQUIRED courses include:

A&HE 4057 English methods (3)

A&HE 4058 Teaching of reading (3)

A&HE 4151 Teaching of writing (3)*

A&HE 5518 Teaching English in diverse social and cultural contexts (2-3)**

*Taken as a 6 credit block with A&HE 4156, Writing: Nonfiction

**A&HE 5518 meets both the College-wide and the New York State diversity requirements.

In addition, students must choose at least one TOPIC-SPECIFIC METHODS course, such as:

A&HE 4050 Literature and teaching (3)

A&HE 4152 Literacies and technologies in the secondary English classroom (3)

A&HE 4550 Teaching of poetry (3)

As a part of the M.A. program, students also must fulfill a Content requirement. Content coursework consists of one course in writing and one course in literature. Courses may include:

WRITING:

A&HE 4156 Writing: Nonfiction (3)

A&HE 4561 Teaching narrative and story (3)

LITERATURE:

A&HE 4050 Literature and teaching (3)

A&HE 4053 Cultural perspectives and literature (3)

FOUNDATIONS/BREADTH Requirement:

Foundations courses are intended to broaden students' knowledge of the history of education, philosophies of education, and educational issues and practices beyond their particular area of concentration. All students must take at least three such courses (courses in Teachers College not designated "A&HE"). Foundations credits (at least two per course) must be used to meet the New York State requirements for classes in History/Philosophy of Education, Disabilities/Special Education, and Human Development/Psychology if these have not been taken in previous college-level coursework. These courses may be taken as pass/fail.

ELECTIVES: 

Electives provide students the opportunity to explore particular interests as they design their own programs in consultation with an academic faculty advisor. Students whose program permits room for electives may take any graduate-level courses at Teachers College or Columbia University.

MASTER'S SEMINAR:

All M.A. students are required to enroll in the A&HE 5590, Master's seminar: Teaching of English. Students in the 38-credit program enroll in A&HE 5590 the same semester they enroll in phase 2 of A&HE 4750, Supervised teaching of English. Students in the 34-credit program enroll in A&HE 5590 during their final semester. All students work with an academic faculty advisor to design and complete their master's projects.

STUDENT TEACHING:

Students in the 38-credit Teaching of English program have two separate semesters of student teaching. As required by New York State, one of these experiences is in a middle school and the other is in a high school. Most placements are made in urban public schools in New York City. Commuting to one of the outer boroughs should be expected. 

Student teaching experiences differ by semester. In the first (Phase 1) semester, a pair of students may be placed in a classroom under the direction of a single cooperating teacher. The cooperating teacher has primary responsibility for designing the curriculum. While students do not have the major responsibility for designing or organizing the course of instruction, they are active participants in the classroom and school communities. Although the Phase 1 experience varies, students are engaged in observation, group work with students, conferencing, and teaching. During this semester, students understand, appreciate, learn from, and coach students as readers and writers. During phase 2 of student-teaching, when student-teachers are immersed in teaching -- responsible for planning and conducting classes, assessing student work, and participating as faculty members in the life of their school -- MA students do not ordinarily enroll in any academic course except those that define and are an integral part of the student-teaching experience. Hence, students enroll in A&HE 4750: Supervised Teaching of English (3 credits), A&HE 4057: English methods (3 credits), A&HE 4751: Fieldwork and observation in secondary English (1 credit), A&HE 5204: Fieldwork in teaching English (1 credit), and A&HE 5590: Master's seminar: Teaching of English (1 credit). These courses together constitute the student-teaching experience in its active, creative, and reflective dimensions.

 

SUMMER INSTEP MA

Students complete most course requirements for the INSTEP PROGRAM (which are similar to the 34 credit M.A. program leading to Professional Certification) through their enrollment in an intensive 22 day-summer program for three consecutive summers during which they work in a cohort of 12-15 teachers for 6-8 hours each day. Supplementary online courses for each cohort conducted during the academic year after summers 1 & 2 allow the cohorts to continue their collegial collaboration during the academic year while satisfying the few remaining requirements. See the INSTEP website for additional details and contact information.


MASTER OF EDUCATION (Ed.M., 60 credits)

The Ed.M. program is a 60-credit advanced master's program to which students may transfer up to 30 credits of prior graduate-level study. Requirements in the Ed.M. program are very flexible. Aside from three required research methods courses and A&HE 5504: Research paper: Teaching of English, students select, in consultation with a faculty advisor, an array of courses that facilitate their intellectual and professional goals. See below for additional information concerning required coursework for the Ed.M. program:

GENERAL COURSEWORK Requirement:

Depending upon the number of credits transferred in, students must complete between 15 and 45 credits at the A&HE 4000, A&HE 5000, and A&HE 6000 levels. Students transferring up to 30 credits should take most of their courses at the more advanced A&HE 5000 and A&HE 6000 levels. It is possible to substitute a 12-15 credit specialization in an area other than English Education and/or one graduate-level course at Columbia University with an academic faculty advisor's approval. 

RESEARCH METHODS COURSES:

At least 9 credits (three courses) of research methods must be completed for the Ed.M. degree. Although courses may include both quantitative and/or qualitative methods, we recommend that at least one course represent study in the area of qualitative research. At least one course should be taken from the research offerings in the English Education Program; the two other courses may be taken in any department at Teachers College.

Research Paper: Teaching of English A&HE 5504: The research paper for A&HE 5504, required of all Ed.M. students, is the core of the Ed.M. program. The purpose of this paper is to evidence the student's ability to do independent research. It entails work that results in an original synthesis of a broad reading of theory and research. The A&HE 5504 research paper typically includes:

   (a) A rationale for the project and demonstration of an understanding of the literature of the field related to the topic(s) undertaken;

   (b) A pilot study, including data gathering and analysis and justification of research methods employed;

   (c) A critique of the pilot study, including the student's reflections on the study's design and methodology as well as on her/his research strengths and weaknesses; and

   (d) Implications relevant to the student's future research.

 

DOCTOR OF EDUCATION (Ed.D., 90 credits)

The Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) is designed to prepare future teacher educators and education professionals who will assume teaching and professional leadership roles in English education within colleges and universities, schools and school districts, and non-profit, state, and federal educational agencies that demand advanced expertise in the teaching of the English Language Arts.

REQUIRED courses for ALL English Education/Teaching of English doctoral candidates:

A&HE 5504 Research paper: Teaching of English

A&HE 6504 Doctoral seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 7504 Dissertation proposal seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 8904 Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English

RESEARCH METHODS COURSES (a minimum of 12 credits). It is highly recommended that the candidates include at least two of the following:

A&HE 5149 Writing research: Methods and assumptions

A&HE 5150 Research in practice

A&HE 6151 Narrative research in English education

A&HE 6152 Advanced narrative research in English education

Other choices may include other research courses offered across the College

GENERAL GUIDELINES for the English Education Doctoral Programs:

TRANSFER CREDITS

The number of courses students take depends in part on the number of credits students transfer from previous graduate work. Students working toward an Ed.D. (90 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 40 credits and will thus complete at least 50 credits while in the program for their doctoral work. Students working toward a Ph.D. (75 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 30 credits and will thus complete at least 45 credits while in the program for their doctoral work.

COURSEWORK RESTRICTIONS

An academic advisor must approve all coursework in a student's program plan including any exceptions to the following:

No course that is "R" (attendance) credit or that is "P" (pass/fail) may be counted toward the Ed.D. aside from A&HE 6504: Doctoral seminar and A&HE 7504: Dissertation seminar in teaching English.

Students must consult their academic advisors when they undertake an independent study, an internship, fieldwork courses, or graduate courses at Columbia University.

Doctoral students are generally discouraged from taking 4000-level courses and must consult with their academic advisors before registering for these courses.

Candidates should take a minimum of three courses outside the English Education Program (Courses not designated A&HE). 

DOCTORAL PROGRAM MILESTONES

Research paper: Teaching of English: A&HE 5504: The research paper undertaken in A&HE 5504 must be approved by two faculty members as evidence of the fact that the student has demonstrated the capacity to complete independent research at the dissertation level and produce an acceptable doctoral dissertation.

Certification Examination: Doctoral candidates in the English Education Program are required to write two parts of the certification examinations: Certification Exam 1 and Certification Exam 2. The terms 1 and 2 are used to emphasize a difference in focus. Certification Exam 1 usually focuses on the historical breadth of English Education, while Certification Exam 2 focuses on a specialized area related to the student's anticipated dissertation topic.

Dissertation Proposal (A&HE 7504): The doctoral dissertation proposal consolidates the work candidates have done in courses, professional reading, and the two certification examinations. It is a 30- to 50-page document, which outlines a coherent account of the work a candidate wants to undertake for dissertation research. The dissertation proposal must be accepted at a formal or informal hearing where at least two faculty members function as examiners. Students may not undertake the dissertation proposal until both Certification exams have been completed successfully.

Dissertation: The doctoral dissertation is the culminating research project of the doctoral program and constitutes a significant contribution of knowledge to the field of English Education. As candidates write their dissertations, they must enroll in A&HE 8904: Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English, which is designed to help candidates shape the writing of the dissertation.

 

DOCTOR OF EDUCATION IN COLLEGE TEACHING OF ENGLISH (Ed.D.C.T., 90 credits)

The degree of Doctor of Education in the College Teaching of English (Ed.D.C.T.) is designed to prepare candidates for positions as college and university faculty members and researchers in English, Rhetoric, and Composition departments, and as directors of academic support programs such as university writing centers and reading labs.

REQUIRED courses for ALL English Education/Teaching of English doctoral candidates: 

A&HE 5504 Research paper: Teaching of English

A&HE 6504 Doctoral seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 7504 Dissertation proposal seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 8904 Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English

RESEARCH METHODS COURSES (a minimum of 12 credits). It is highly recommended that the candidates include at least two of the following:

A&HE 5149 Writing research: Methods and assumptions

A&HE 5150 Research in practice

A&HE 6151 Narrative research in English education

A&HE 6152 Advanced narrative research in English education

Other choices may include other research courses offered across the College.

Students in the the Ed.D.C.T are required to take ALL of the above courses plus:

A&HE 6015 College teaching of English

A&HE 6404 Internship in college teaching of English*

*Unless exempted by virtue of teaching experience

GENERAL GUIDELINES for the English Education Doctoral programs:

TRANSFER CREDITS

The number of courses students take depends in part on the number of credits students transfer from previous graduate work. Students working toward an Ed.D. (90 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 40 credits and will thus complete at least 50 credits while in the program for their doctoral work. Students working toward a Ph.D. (75 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 30 credits and will thus complete at least 45 credits while in the program for their doctoral work.

COURSEWORK RESTRICTIONS

An academic advisor must approve all coursework in a student's program plan including any exceptions to the following:

No course that is "R" (attendance) credit or that is "P" (pass/fail) may be counted toward the Ed.D. aside from A&HE 6504: Doctoral seminar and A&HE 7504: Dissertation seminar in teaching English.

Students must consult their academic advisors when they undertake an independent study, an internship, fieldwork courses, or graduate courses at Columbia University.

Doctoral students are generally discouraged from taking 4000-level courses and must consult with their academic advisors before registering for these courses.

Candidates should take a minimum of three courses outside the English Education Program (Courses not designated A&HE).

DOCTORAL PROGRAM MILESTONES

A&HE 5504: Research paper: Teaching of English: The research paper undertaken in A&HE 5504 must be approved by two faculty members as evidence of the fact that the student has demonstrated the capacity to complete independent research at the dissertation level and produce an acceptable doctoral dissertation.

Certification Examination: Doctoral candidates in the English Education Program are required to write two parts of the certification examinations: Certification Exam 1 and Certification Exam 2. The terms 1 and 2 are used to emphasize a difference in focus. Certification Exam 1 usually focuses on the historical breadth of English Education, while Certification Exam 2 focuses on a specialized area related to the student's anticipated dissertation topic.

Dissertation Proposal (A&HE 7504): The doctoral dissertation proposal consolidates the work candidates have done in courses, professional reading, and the two certification examinations. It is a 30- to 50-page document, which outlines a coherent account of the work a candidate wants to undertake for dissertation research. The dissertation proposal must be accepted at a formal or informal hearing where at least two faculty members function as examiners. Students may not undertake the dissertation proposal until both Certification exams have been completed successfully.

Dissertation: The doctoral dissertation is the culminating research project of the doctoral program and constitutes a significant contribution of knowledge to the field of English Education. As candidates write their dissertations, they must enroll in A&HE 8904: Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English, which is designed to help candidates shape the writing of the dissertation.

 

DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY (Ph.D., 75 credits)

 

The Doctor of Philosophy (75 credits) is designed to prepare candidates for positions in higher education as teachers and researchers whose scholarly activity is focused on the theoretical, philosophical, and pedagogical questions that define English education as a discipline for teaching and inquiry. 

REQUIRED courses for ALL English Education/Teaching of English doctoral candidates:

A&HE 5504 Research paper: Teaching of English

A&HE 6504 Doctoral seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 7504 Dissertation proposal seminar: Teaching of English

A&HE 8904 Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English

RESEARCH METHODS COURSES (a minimum of 12 credits). It is highly recommended that the candidates include at least two of the following:

A&HE 5149 Writing research: Methods and assumptions

A&HE 5150 Research in practice

A&HE 6151 Narrative research in English education

A&HE 6152 Advanced narrative research in English education

Other choices may include other research courses offered across the College

GENERAL GUIDELINES for the English Education Doctoral programs:

TRANSFER CREDITS

The number of courses students take depends in part on the number of credits students transfer from previous graduate work. Students working toward an Ed.D. (90 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 40 credits and will thus complete at least 50 credits while in the program for their doctoral work. Students working toward a Ph.D. (75 credits) degree may transfer a maximum of 30 credits and will thus complete at least 45 credits while in the program for their doctoral work.

COURSEWORK RESTRICTIONS

An academic advisor must approve all coursework in a student's program plan including any exceptions to the following: 

No course that is "R" (attendance) credit or that is "P" (pass/fail) may be counted toward the Ed.D. aside from A&HE 6504: Doctoral seminar and A&HE 7504: Dissertation seminar in teaching English.

Students must consult their academic advisors when they undertake an independent study, an internship, fieldwork courses, or graduate courses at Columbia University.

Doctoral students are generally discouraged from taking 4000-level courses and must consult with their academic advisors before registering for these courses.

Candidates should take a minimum of three courses outside the English Education Program (Courses not designated A&HE).

DOCTORAL PROGRAM MILESTONES

A&HE 5504: Research paper: Teaching of English: The research paper undertaken in A&HE 5504 must be approved by two faculty members as evidence of the fact that the student has demonstrated the capacity to complete independent research at the dissertation level and produce an acceptable doctoral dissertation. 

Certification Examination: Doctoral candidates in the English Education Program are required to write two parts of the certification examinations: Certification Exam 1 and Certification Exam 2. The terms 1 and 2 are used to emphasize a difference in focus. Certification Exam 1 usually focuses on the historical breadth of English Education, while Certification Exam 2 focuses on a specialized area related to the student's anticipated dissertation topic.

Dissertation Proposal (A&HE 7504): The doctoral dissertation proposal consolidates the work candidates have done in courses, professional reading, and the two certification examinations. It is a 30- to 50-page document, which outlines a coherent account of the work a candidate wants to undertake for dissertation research. The dissertation proposal must be accepted at a formal or informal hearing where at least two faculty members function as examiners. Students may not undertake the dissertation proposal until both Certification exams have been completed successfully.

Dissertation: The doctoral dissertation is the culminating research project of the doctoral program and constitutes a significant contribution of knowledge to the field of English Education. As candidates write their dissertations, they must enroll in A&HE 8904: Dissertation advisement in the teaching of English, which is designed to help candidates shape the writing of the dissertation.