Applied Linguistics & Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL)
Teachers College, Columbia University
Teachers College
Columbia University

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    Programs

    TESOL

    The Program in TESOL provides students with a solid foundation in the English language so that pedagogical and research questions related to the teaching, learning and assessment of English as a second or foreign language (ESL/EFL) may be formulated, examined and resolved. More specifically, the TESOL Program helps students develop strategies, firmly grounded in theory, research and practice, to teach ESL in the U.S., to teach EFL internationally, or to do research on the teaching, learning or assessment of English as a second or foreign language. The Program emphasizes study in the following areas:

    - Second language teaching methodologies
    - Teaching of the language skills
    - Content area education for ESL students
    - ESL/EFL materials development and curriculum design
    - Language teacher education
    - Language teacher observation and supervision
    - Second language acquisition
    - Second language assessment
    - Classroom interaction
    - Second language teaching and literacy
    - Language program evaluation
    - Technology and language teaching and learning

    Graduates from the TESOL Program typically teach ESL or EFL in elementary or secondary schools, in colleges or universities, in language schools or institutes in the United States or abroad, or in businesses or international organizations. Others work for publishers or computer companies that produce ESL/EFL products. Finally, many TESOL graduates work as language program administrators or teacher educators in schools, colleges, or universities around the world.

    As New York City offers one of the most diverse settings in the world for teaching ESL, the TESOL Program collaborates with a number of schools in the city to provide students with opportunities to teach or do research in these settings. In addition, the TESOL and Applied Linguistics Programs jointly sponsor the Community Language Program (CLP), a program to teach ESL and foreign languages to adults. The CLP serves as an on-site language education lab in which students enrolled in the TESOL Program teach the courses, help administer the program, supervise other teachers, and use the CLP as a setting for empirical inquiry. For more information on the CLP, see the website at http://www.tc.columbia.edu/centers/communityenglish/.

    TESOL Degrees Offered:
    - Master of Arts (36 points)
    - Master of Arts with K-12 Certification Track (40 points)
    - Master of Education (60 points)
    - Doctor of Education (90 points)


    Master of Arts (36 points)

    Program Plan

    The TESOL General Track Program offers a 36-point Master of Arts degree for students wishing to teach in any of a variety of settings except in the New York State public schools. The General Track does not prepare students to obtain New York State K-12 Certification in ESL (see below). Students in the TESOL General Track Program take a wide range of courses offered in TESOL and Applied Linguistics.

    Required courses:
    A&HT 4077:  TESOL classroom practices (3)A&HL 4085:  Pedagogical English grammar (3)
    A&HL 4087:  Introduction to second language acquisition (3)
    A&HL 4088:  Second language assessment (3)
    A&HL 4101:  Phonetics and phonology (3)
    A&HT 5360:  Specialized practica for TESOL teachers -- minimum of two (6)

    TESOL workshops (minimum of 3 for 0-1 point each).

    Required courses out-of-program (3 Teachers College courses of at least 2 points each: 6 points minimum) to be chosen with advisor's approval.

    Students can normally expect to complete the General M.A. Program in four semesters and one summer.

    Elective courses in TESOL or Applied Linguistics: Select from a variety of courses in TESOL or Applied Linguistics (6 points), to be chosen with faculty advisor's approval.

    TESOL MA Project:
    TESOL MA Project Guidelines
    TESOL MA Project Tutorial
    Literature Workshop for TESOL Students
    Sample MA Project

    Master of Arts with K-12 Certification Track (41 points)
    Program Plan

    The TESOL K--12 Certification Program offers a 40-point Master of Arts degree in TESOL leading toward Initial New York State Teacher Certification. We currently have no professional certification program for students who already have initial certification or are teaching full-time. Students wishing to teach in a public school in another state are advised to consult the certification requirements for that state.

    Required courses for Initial K-12 Certification Students:
    A&HT 4076  TESOL methodologies for K-6 (3)A&HT 4171  TESOL methodologies for 7-12 (3)
    A&HT 4185   Pedagogical approaches in the content areas for teachers of K-12 ESL (3)
    A&HT 5205   Fieldwork in TESOL  (1 semester, K-6; 1 semester, 7-12) (1 point each)
    A&HT 4776   Supervised student teaching in TESOL: K-6 (3)
    A&HT 4777   Supervised student teaching in TESOL: 7-12 (3)
    A&HL 4085   Pedagogical English grammar (3)
    A&HL 4101   Phonetics and phonology (3)
    A&HL 4087   Introduction to second language acquisition (3)
    A&HL 4088   Second language assessment (3)

    Required courses outside the Program (6-9 points):
    A course in Special Education (2-3)

    A course in Bilingual Education (or Foundations of Education/Urban Education) (2-3)
    An elective breadth course in consultation with a faculty advisor (2-3)

    TESOL and Applied Linguistics elective. This requires a faculty advisor's approval (3)

    Students can normally expect to complete the TESOL K-12 Certification M.A. Program in four semesters and one summer term.

    Exit requirement


    Master of Education (60 points)

    Program Plan

    The TESOL Program offers a Master of Education (Ed.M.), requiring a minimum of 60 points of graduate study. The Ed.M. involves in-depth study in one or more areas of TESOL. The Ed.M. is designed to complement former professional training at the M.A. level, and it sometimes serves as initial preparation for entering the doctoral program. Students who did not receive an M.A. in TESOL from Teachers College will be expected to complete specified required courses (see program sheets), from the TESOL M.A. in addition to their program of study. Exemptions based on prior coursework or their equivalent from another program must be approved by the professor teaching the course and the faculty advisor.

    Required courses (12 points):
    A&HL 4001:  Sociolinguistics and education
    A&HL 4104:  Discourse analysis (or A&HL  4105, Conversation analysis, or A&HL 4106, Text and  Textuality)
    A&HL 5575:  Research literacy in applied linguistics and TESOL

    Breadth requirement (6-9 points):

    Those students who do not already have a degree from Teachers College must take three courses of at least 2 points each from outside the department with an advisor's approved.

    At least one out-of-program course must be:
    C&T 5502:  Introduction to qualitative research in curriculum and teaching (2-3)
    HUDM 4050:  Introduction to measurement (2-3)
    HUDM 4122:  Probability and statistical inference (3)
    ITSF 4092:  Qualitative research and evaluation in international education (3)
    ITSF 5000:  Methods of inquiry: Ethnography and participant observation (or ITSF 5001 or 5002) (3)
    ORLJ 4009:  Understanding behavioral research (3)
    HUDM 5122:  Applied Regression Analysis (3)
    HUDM 5123:  Linear models and experimental design (3)
    HUDM 6051-2:  Psychometric theory I and 2 (3)
    HUDM 6055:  Latent structure anaysis (3)
    HUDM 6122:  Multivariate anaysis I (3)

    One of the qualitative research methods courses offered at the college (To be chosen with faculty advisor's approval).

    Electives in TESOL or Applied Linguistics (9): To be chosen with an advisor's approval.

    All Ed.M. students must complete an Ed.M. project, written on a research topic arising from their course-related interests and subject to approval by their faculty advisor.


    Doctor of Education (90 points)
    Program Plan

    The TESOL Program offers an Ed.D. in TESOL requiring a minimum of 90 points of graduate study. The Ed.D. involves sustained and in-depth study in an area of specialization in TESOL and is designed for students wishing to pursue empirical research in one of the following areas: language teaching methodology, language in the content areas, language teacher education, second language acquisition, second language assessment, second language literacy, second language classroom interaction, and language program evaluation. Students who did not receive an M.A. or Ed.M. in TESOL from Teachers College will be expected to have completed all the required courses, or their equivalent, from the TESOL Ed.M.

    Doctoral students have three types of requirements: concentration requirements, research methods requirements, and doctoral preparation requirements.

    Concentration Requirement:

    Students are required to take a minimum number of points in their concentrations.

    The exact courses should be decided in consultation with their advisor.

    Research Requirements (12 points):

    To ensure that students have the skills to do scholarly research in their area of concentration, they are required to take a minimum of 12 points in research methods, statistics and measurement. Also, depending on the type of dissertation (see research methods, measurement or statistics courses from the Ed.M.) being written, students may be asked to take additional courses in these areas. The following elective research preparation courses should be taken in consultation with the doctoral advisor:

    Required Research Methods Courses:
    C&T 5502:  Introduction to qualitative research in curriculum and teaching (2-3) HUDM 4050:  Introduction to measurement (2-3)
    ORLJ 4009:  Understanding behavioral research (3)
    HUDM 4122:  Probability and statistical inference (3)
    ITSF 4092:  Qualitative research and evaluation in international education (3)
    ITSF 5000:  Methods of inquiry: Ethnography and participant observation (or ITSF 5001 or 5002) (3)
    HUDM 5122:  Applied Regression Analysis (3)
    HUDM 5123:  Linear models and experimental design (3)
    HUDM 6051-2:  Psychometric theory I and 2 (3)
    HUDM 6055:  Latent structure anaysis (3)
    HUDM 6122:  Multivariate anaysis I (3)

    One of the qualitative research methods courses offered at the college (To be chosen with faculty advisor's approval). Electives in TESOL or Applied Linguistics (9): To be chosen with an advisor's approval.

    In order to progress through these stages, doctoral students are required to take a sequence of doctoral seminars at the 5500, 6500, 7500, and 8900 levels. Students begin to take these courses when they have reached approximately 45-50 points in the program, and after they have been taking courses at Teachers College for a minimum of one year. After that, doctoral students are required to register for and attend doctoral seminar every semester.

    Doctoral students are required to demonstrate research preparedness in a substantive area by passing the research paper at the 5500 level, the certification exam at the 6500 level, and the certification paper at the 6500 level. Then, as evidence that they are able to carry out original research under the guidance of a doctoral committee, they must write a dissertation prospectus at the 7500 level as a part of the dissertation seminar, and complete a doctoral dissertation while continuously registered for dissertation advisement at the 8900 level.

    To prepare for these requirements, students will need to take one or more of the seminars in consultation with an academic advisor. These seminars occur at the 5500, 6500, 7500 and 8900 levels. All of these seminars are offered each semester. To determine which seminar to register for, consult an academic advisor.

    A&HL:  5501/Research paper in applied A&HT5505/linguistics (1-3 each course) A&HT5507 or  
    A&HL:  6501/Doctoral seminar in applied A&HT6505/linguistics (1-3 each course) A&HT6507 or
    A&HL:  7501/Dissertation seminar in A&HT7505/applied linguistics A&HT7507 (1-2 each course) or
    A&HT:  8905/Dissertation advisement: TESOL (0)

    Doctoral students should consult the Office of Doctoral Studies to be certain of complying with the latest procedures, deadlines, and documents.

    Doctoral Residency Requirement:

    The AL and TESOL program requires all doctoral students to be in residency during their doctoral studies.  Students are allowed (with permission) to collect data overseas (or in other areas of the country), but during the writing of the dissertation, they are required to be not only in the continuous enrollment in their doctoral seminar, but also in the city so as to participate in the life of the College and the programs.