Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler is appointed as the first president of TC, serving from 1889 to 1891. An advocate of peace through education, Butler helped to establish the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, of which he was a trustee and later president (1925--45). His efforts on behalf of disarmament and international peace won him international prestige, and he shared with Jane Addams the 1931 Nobel Peace Prize. Butler was also the Republican Party nominee for Vice President of the United States under President William Howard Taft in 1912, when the nominated vice presidential candidate James S. Sherman died in office a few days before the election. In 1901 Butler was installed as acting president of Columbia University and formally assumed the presidency in 1902. He remained in that office for forty-two years.