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Teachers College, Columbia University
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Crime Statistics / Clery Report > Clery Act

 

Crime Statistics / Clery Report

Clery Act

Click Here to download the 2013 annual report.
 
What is the Campus Security Act? The Campus Security Act was established in 1990 to require all colleges and universities to collect and disclose information about crime on and around campus property. Subsequent amendments to the law renamed it the Clery Act and more broadly defined reporting requirements. Campus Security Authorities are generally defined as University officials who have the authority and duty to respond to incidents on behalf of the University.


The Department of Education is the agency responsible for assuring that institutions comply with the Act.

Crimes to be reported:

  • Aggravated Assault
  • Arson
  • Burglary
  • Forcible Sex Offense
  • Hate crimes
  • Liquor, drug or weapon law violations
  • Motor vehicle theft
  • Murder//non-negligent manslaughter
  • Negligent manslaughter
  • Non-forcible sex offenses
  • Robbery

Hate Crimes
In 2008 the law regarding hate crime reporting was expanded to include incidents of theft, simple assault, intimidation and vandalism where a person was targeted based on their race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, handicap or ethnicity.

Not Sure?
If you are in doubt as to whether a situation is reportable, please err on the side of caution and report it to Public Safety. Please do not attempt to investigate or determine further facts of a situation - just make the report. Appropriate University personnel will contact you if further information is needed.

Timely Notice
One important part of this law requires the University to issue safety alerts about crimes that may pose an ongoing risk to the community.


How do I report the crime?

If someone has been injured, if the situation is life-threatening or in an emergency call 911.

Public Safety can be reached by dialing (212) 678-3220 or 678-3333.

Victims may remain anonymous and the Campus Security Authority should still file a report if it is believed that the crime has been reported in good faith.

Definitions of Clery Act crimes

  • Aggravated assault: Causing or attempting to cause serious bodily injury. Assault with a weapon.
  • Arson: Willful or malicious burning or attempts to burn property.
  • Burglary: Unlawful entry of a structure (including all attempts) with the intent to commit a crime therein.
  • Forcible sex offense: Any sex act directed against another, forcibly and against that person's will, and all acts where the victim is incapable of giving consent.
  • Hate crimes: Any crime involving bodily injury motivated by the actor's perception of the victim's race, gender, religion, sexual orientation, ethnicity or disability.
  • Liquor law, drug or weapons violations: (where there has been an arrest or disciplinary referral).
  • Motor vehicle thefts: Including all attempted thefts.
  • Murder and non-negligent manslaughter: The willful, non-negligent killing of one human being by another.
  • Negligent manslaughter: The killing of another person through gross negligence.
  • Non forcible sex offenses: Incest or statutory rape.
  • Robbery: Taking or attempts to take anything of value by force, threat of force or violence, or by placing the victim in fear.
 

HATE CRIMES

 

Teachers College, Columbia University  is also required to report statistics for hate (bias) related crimes.  Hate crimes are defined as:  any of the above offenses (Group A- below), and any other crime involving bodily injury reported to local police agencies or to a campus security authority, that manifest evidence that the victim was intentionally selected because of the perpetrator's bias or the perpetrator perceived the person to be in one of the protected group categories.  There are eight types of bias categories as per the FBI's UCR Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines and Training Guide:             

 

Race:  A preformed negative attitude toward a group of persons who possess common physical characteristics such as color of skin, eyes, and/or hair, facial features genetically transmitted which distinguish them as a distinct division of humankind, e.g., Asians, blacks, whites.

 

Gender:  A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons because those persons are either male or female.  Gender bias is a Clery Act specific term that is not found in the FBI's Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines.                                    

 

Religion:  A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons who share the same religious beliefs regarding the origin and purpose of the universe and existence or nonexistence of a supreme being, e.g., Catholics, Jews, Protestants, Muslims, atheists, etc. 

 

National Origin: Ethnicity/National Origin Bias- A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of people whose members identity with each other, through a common heritage, often consisting of a common language, common culture (often including a shared religion) and/or idealogy that stresses common ancestry. (This definition is not available in the FBI Hate Crimes Guidelines but is only defined as “ Ethnicity/National Origin” in the ED handbook)

 

Gender Identity: A person’s internal sense of being male, female, or a combination of both; that internal sense of a person’s gender may be different from the person’s gender assigned at birth.  The gender identity bias is a pre-formed negative opinion or attitude toward a person or group of persons based on their actual or perceived gender identity, e.g., bias against transgender or gender non-conforming individuals.

                            

Sexual orientation:  A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their sexual attraction toward, and responsiveness to, members of their own sex or members of the opposite sex, e.g., gays, lesbians, heterosexuals.                                 

Ethnicity/national origin:  A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons of the same race or national origin who share common or similar traits, languages, customs, and traditions, e.g., Arabs, Hispanics.    

Disability:  A preformed negative opinion or attitude toward a group of persons based on their physical or mental impairment/challenges whether such disability is temporary or permanent, congenital or acquired by heredity, accident, injury, advanced age or illness.                           

 

Hate crimes include any offense in the following two groups:

 

Group A                                                                                                Group B

n  Murder and Non-negligent manslaughter                      Larceny-theft

n  Forcible sex offenses                                                          Simple assault

n  Non-forcible sex offenses                                                  Intimidation

n  Robbery                                                                                                Destruction/damage/vandalism of

n  Aggravated assault                                                                             property

n  Burglary

n  Motor vehicle theft

n  Arson

 

Hate (bias) crimes in Group B (Group B-above) are by the type of bias as defined below for the following classifications: larceny-theft, Destruction/damage/vandalism of property, intimidation, and simple assault (see definitions below).

 

Larceny: The unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of another.

Vandalism: To willfully or maliciously destroy, injure, disfigure, or deface any public or private property, real or personal, without the consent of the owner or person having custody or control by cutting, tearing, breaking, marking, painting, drawing, covering with filth, or any other such means as may be specified by local law.

Intimidation: To unlawfully place another person in reasonable fear of bodily harm through the use of threatening words and/or other conduct, but without displaying a weapon or subjecting the victim to actual physical attack.

Simple Assault: An unlawful physical attack by one person upon another where neither the offender displays a weapon, nor the victim suffers obvious severe or aggravated bodily injury involving apparent broken bones, loss of teeth, possible internal injury, severe laceration or loss of consciousness.

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Note: If a hate crime occurs where there is an incident involving intimidation, vandalism, larceny, simple assault or other bodily injury, the law requires that the statistic be reported as a hate crime even though there is no requirement to report the crime classification in any other area of the compliance document.

 

A hate or bias related crime is not a separate, distinct crime, but is the commission of a criminal offense which was motivated by the offender's bias. For example, a subject assaults a victim, which is a crime. If the facts of the case indicate that the offender was motivated to commit the offense because of his bias against the victim's race, gender, religion, national origin, gender identity, and sexual orientation, etc... The assault is then also classified as a hate/bias crime.

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VAWA (Violence Against Women Act)

 

·         Domestic Violence-felony or misdemeanor crimes-1) current or former spouse of a victim, 2) by a person with whom the victim shares a child in common,3) by a person who is cohabitating with or has cohabitated with the victim as a spouse, 4) by a person who is similarly situated to a spouse of a victim under domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction receiving grant monies, or 5) by any other person against an adult or youth victim who is protected from that person’s acts under domestic or family violence laws of the jurisdiction.

 

·         Dating violence-violence committed by a person: 1) Who is or has been in a social relationship of a romantic or intimate nature with the victim; and 2) Where the existence of such relationship shall be determined based on a consideration of the following factors:

 

1)     The length of the relationship

2)     The type of relationship

3)     The frequency of interaction between the persons involved in the relationship

 

·         Stalking-The term “stalking” means engaging in a:

1)     Course of conduct

2)     Directed at a specific person

3)     That would cause a reasonable person to:

a)     Fear for his or her safety or the safety of others: or

b)     Suffer substantial emotional distress

 


Questions?
Please contact the Assistant Director of Public Safety at (212) 678-7468 if you have any questions or concerns about your responsibilities under this law. 

 

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