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News Display: U.S. Acquires Spanish Florida


On February 22, 1819, Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Spanish minister Do Luis de Onis signed the Florida Purchase Treaty, which ceded the last of Spanish Florida to the United States. As early as 1565 Spain had colonized Florida, which also came under British rule through the first Treaty of Paris.

Florida was organized as a U.S. territory in 1822 and was admitted as a slave state in 1845. In addition to being a challenge for European colonial powers, Florida was primary ground for three Seminole Wars (starting in 1814 and lasting until 1858) and racial segregation after the Civil War.

News will feature the diplomatic coup achieved by Adams when the "Flowery Land" joined the Union, as we highlight Florida's turbulent history against the backdrop of our nation's development.

For a brief history, also see the Florida Department of State Historical Resources.

The Everett Cafe features thematic news displays on a wide range of educational topics, in addition to daily postings of headlines from around the world.

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  • Jennifer Govan
  • 212-678-3022
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