(B) Research on Privatization, Choice and Reform in Basic Education
|Number||Author/ Coauthors||Title||View and Download|
School choice in the People's Republic of China (in English) [In Plank, D. & Sykes, G. (2003), Choosing Choice . NY: Teachers College Press.]
This is a paper on the recent development in parental choice in basic education in the People's Republic of China (China). It has two major objectives. First, it attempts to explain the origin and inherent tension in school choice by relating the recent development to historical changes and the larger societal contexts in post-1949 China. Second, based on studies in both Chinese and English sources, it identifies emerging changes in basic education related to increased school choice. Particular attention is given to the unique characteristics of interventions in school choice in China, the development of different types of non-government schools as alternatives to government education, the effort to introduce innovation in school governance and school curriculum, and increased parental and community voice in schooling.
Comparing the costs of public and private schools in developing countries (in English) [In Levin, H. & McEwan, P. (2002), Cost effectiveness Studies in Education (2002 Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association).]
This article reviews the conceptual and methodological issues in the comparison of the costs of public and private schools. Based on empirical studies on primary and secondary education in developing countries, the review finds that many comparative cost studies are problematic in that they omit or underestimate important education costs, do not provide appropriate comparison of public and private schools, or are plagued by a lack of information. The problems could result in a significant underestimation of the costs of private schools and consequently a significant overestimation of their efficiency relative to public schools. Improper cost comparison could also lead to a failure to uncover inequities in, limitations in reaching marginalized populations through, and the role in socio-economic segregation of, alternative forms of schooling. The article highlights the need for further and better research on comparative cost analysis and indicates the technical and non-technical impediments for such research.
|B-3||Contributors to NCSPE||Occasional papers posted on the website of NCSPE (National Center for the Study of Privatization in Education), http://www.tc.columbia.edu/ncspe|
Learning from School Reform (in English) [© Henry M. Levin.]
Major changes in schools or school reform have not been highly successful anyplace in the world. Although there are occasional reports of success, the more typical case is one where substantial change is not present. This paper comprises three parts. First, I discuss the concept of school culture to explain the challenge to school reform. I attempt to show why existing school culture is necessary for a smoothly functioning and stable school, but an obstacle to educational change. Attempts to transform school culture through external means have almost always failed. As an alternative I introduce the concept of internal transformation of culture, the empowerment of school participants to change their practices, expectations, and attitudes through introducing a change process that sets new goals and a set of tools that can be used to reach them.
|B-5*||F. Yan and X. Lin||Minban education in China: Background and current situation (© F. Yan and X. Lin.)|