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Curriculum Vitae Cont'

Articles in Referred Journals

Tsang, M. and Ding, Y. (2005). Resource utilization and disparities in the financing of compulsory education in China. China Review, 5(1): 1-31.

Ding, Y. & Tsang, M. Financial disparities in compulsory education in China : 1997-2000. Under review by Journal of Education and Economics.

Xiao, J. and Tsang, M. (2004). Participation and non-participation in adult education and training in Shenzhen. Human Resource Development Quarterly, 15(4): 389-420.

Tsang, M. and Ding, Y. (2003). Financial disparities in compulsory education in China. Peking University Education Review, 1(1): 84-94.

Li, D. and Tsang, M. (2003). Household decisions and gender inequality in education in rural China. China: An International Journal, 1(2): 224-248.

Li, L. and Tsang, M. (2002). The new school finance in the United States. Jiaoyu Yanjiu ( Educational Research ), No. 5:84-89.

Tsang, M. (2002). Establishing and developing a substantial and regularized scheme of intergovernmental grants in compulsory education in China. Harvard China Review.

Tsang, M. (2000). Education and national development in China since 1949: Oscillating policies and enduring dilemmas. China Review (pp. 579-618).

Xiao, J. & Tsang, M. (1999) Human capital development in an emerging economy: The case of Shenzhen, China. China Quarterly, No. 157(March): 72-114.

Wei, X., Tsang, M., Chen, L.(1999) Education and earnings in rural China. Education Economics, 7(2): 167-187.

Tsang, M. (1997) Cost analysis for improved policy making in education. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 19(4):18-24.

Tsang, M. (1997). The cost of vocational training. International Journal of Manpower, 18(1/2): 63-89.

Tsang, M. (1997). Economics of education: Past, present, and future. Journal of Educational Research, 1997(4): 29-37 & 49.

Tsang, M. (1996). Financial reform of basic education in China. Economics of Education Review, 15(4): 423-444.

Tsang, M. (1994). Costs of education in China: Issues of resource mobilization, equality, equity, and efficiency. Education Economics, 2(3), 287-312.

Xiao, J., and Tsang, M. (1994). The costs and financing of adult training: A case study of Shenzhen, China. International Journal of Educational Development, 14(1), 51-64.

Tsang, M. (1993). Private costs of schooling in developing countries. Jiaoyu yi Jingji (Education and Economics, a journal published in China ),8(3), 26-31.

Tsang, M. and Taoklam, W. (1992). Comparing the costs of public and private primary education in Thailand. International Journal of Educational Development , 12(3), 177-190.

Tsang, M., & Kidchanapansich, S. (1992). Private resources and the quality of primary education in Thailand. International Journal of Educational Research, 17(2), 179-198.

Tsang, M., and Min, W. (1992). Expansion, efficiency, and economies of scale of higher education in China. Higher Education Policy, 5(2), 61-66.

Tsang, M. (1991). The structural reform of secondary education in China. Journal of Education Administration, 29(4), 65-83.

Tsang, M., Rumberger, R., & Levin, H. (1991). The impact of surplus schooling on worker productivity. Industrial Relations, 30(2), 209-228.

Min, W., & Tsang, M. (1990). Vocational education and productivity: A case study of the Beijing General Auto Industry Company. Economics of Education Review, 9(4), 351-364.

Tsang, M. (1989). Economics of over-education: A reply. Economics of Education Review. 8(2), 209.

Tsang, M. (1988). Cost analysis for educational policy making: A review of cost studies in education in developing countries. Review of Educational Research, 58(2), 181-230.

Tsang, M. (1987). The impact of under-utilization of education on productivity. Economics of Education Review, 6(3), 239-254.

Levin, H. & Tsang, M. (1987). The economics of student time. Economics of Education Review, 6(4), 357-364.

Tsang, M. (1986). Economics of education since 1970. Educational Research (No. 10: 68-73, & No. 11: 71-75).

Tsang, M. (1986). Recent developments in economics of education. Education and Economics 1: 43-46.

Tsang, M., & Levin, H. (1985). The economics of over-education. Economics of Education Review, 4(2), 93-104.

Tsang, M., & Levin, H. (1983). The impact of intergovernmental grants on educational expenditure. Review of Educational Research, 53(3), 329-367.

Chapters in Books and Research Monographs

Tsang, M. & Ding, Y. (2006 forthcoming). Financial disparities in compulsory education in China. In Tsang, et. al. Research on the Reform of the Financing of compulsory education in China. Education Science Press, Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. & Ding, Y. (2006 forthcoming). The role of intergovernmental grants in decentralized financing of compulsory education in China. In Tsang, M., et.al. Research on the Reform of the Financing of compulsory education in China. Education Science Press, Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. & Li, W. (2006 forthcoming). School finance reform in four states in the United States. In Tsang, M., et.al. Research on the Reform of the Financing of compulsory education in China. Education Science Press, Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. Yang, C. & Qiu, L. (2006 forthcoming). Issues and policies in minority education in Yunnan. In Tsang, M., et.al. Research on the Reform of the Financing of compulsory education in China. Education Science Press, Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. (2003). Intergovernmental grants and the financing of compulsory education in China. In School of Education, Peking University Studies in Economics of Education. Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. (2003). School choice in the People's Republic of China. In Plank, D. and Sykes, G. Choosing choice. New York: Teachers College Press.

Tsang, M. (2002). Education economics, developing nations. In Guthrie, J. (ed.) Encyclopedia of Education, 2 nd edition. Macmillan.

Tsang, M. (2002). Comparing the costs of public and private schools in developing countries. In Levin, H. and McEwan, P. (eds.) Cost-effectiveness studies in education (2002 Yearbook of the American Education Finance Association.

Tsang, M. (2000) Cost analysis and policy-making in education. In Stufflebeam, D., Madaus, G., and Kellaghan, T. (eds.) Evaluation models: Viewpoints on educational and human services evaluation (2nd edition), pp. 163-171. Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Tsang, M. (2000). The economic burden of compulsory schooling on families in poor areas in China. In Tsang, M., Wei, X., and Xiao, J. (Eds.) Economic analysis of education policy. Beijing, China: Education Science Press.

Wei, X., and Tsang, M. (2000). Earnings differences between graduates from two types of universities in China. In Tsang, M., Wei, X., and Xiao, J. (Eds.) Economic analysis of education policy. Beijing, China: Education Science Press.

Tsang, M. (1999). The economics and resources of education. In Peretz, M., Brown, S., and Moon, B. (Eds.) pp.128-152. International Encyclopedic Dictionary of Education. Routledge.

Tsang, M. (1996). The costs of adult education and training. In Tuijnman, A. (ed.) International Encyclopedia of Adult and Continuing Education. Elsevier Science and Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1995). Cost analysis in education. In Carnoy, M. (ed.) The international encyclopedia of economics of education (pp. 386-392). Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1995). Public and private costs of schooling in developing countries. In Carnoy, M. (1995). The international encyclopedia of economics of education (pp. 393-398). Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). Costs and relative efficiency of public and private education: The case of primary education in Thailand. In Walberg, H. and Barnett, S. (eds.). Cost analysis in education (pp. 203-231). JAI Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). Cost analysis and educational policy making: A review of cost studies in education in developing countries. In Johnes, G. and Cohn, E. (eds.). Recent developments in economics of education. Carfax Publishing Company.

Tsang, M., Rumberger, R., and Levin, H. (1994). The impact of surplus schooling on productivity. In Johnes, G., and Cohn, E. (eds.) Recent developments in economics of education. Carfax Publishing Company.

Tsang, M. (1994). Cost analysis in education. In Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (eds.). International encyclopedia of education, second edition, pp. 1121-1127. Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). Public and private costs of schooling in developing nations. In Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (eds.). International encyclopedia of education, second edition, pp. 4702-4708. Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). Costs of continuing education: Industrialized countries. In Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (eds.). International encyclopedia of education, second edition, pp. 1146-1152 Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). China : Vocationalizing education. In Husen, T. and Postlethwaite, N. (eds.). International encyclopedia of education, second edition, pp. 755-760. Pergamon Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). The costs and financing of secondary education in Nepal. In World Bank, Nepal: Critical issues in secondary education. Washington, DC: South Asia Department, the World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1993). Financial reform in basic education: The Chinese experience. In Verspoor, A., & Tsang, M. (Eds.) Case studies in financing quality basic education, pp. 53-71. Washington, DC : Education and Social Policy Department, the World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1993). Comparative perspectives on costs and financing of education. In State Education Commission, China. Papers and proceedings of the policy seminar on financing of education. Beijing, China.

Tsang, M. & Wheeler, C. (1993). Local initiatives and a multi-level approach to school improvement in Thailand. In Levin, H. and Lockheed, M. (eds.). Effective schools in developing countries, pp. 108-129. Falmer Press.

Tsang, M. (1992). Job training and retraining. In Michigan State University Extension. Focus on Michigan 's future: Trends and perspectives. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University.

Tsang, M. (1991). Financing secondary and intermediate education in Pakistan. In World Bank, Islamic Republic of Pakistan: Review of secondary and intermediate education. Washington, DC: South Asia Department.

Tsang, M. (1991). The costs and financing of education in the Republic of Yemen. In World Bank, Republic of Yemen: Human development--Societal needs and human capital response. Washington, DC: Middle East and North Africa Department, World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1991). The financing of basic education in Shaanxi and Guizhou, China. In World Bank, China: Provincial education planning and finance--sector study. Washington, DC: China and Mongolia Department, the World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1989). New developments in economics of education in the West since the 1970s. In Wang, S. (ed.) Economics of Education, pp. 381-412. Beijing, China: Beijing Normal University Press.

Books

Tsang, M., et.al. (forthcoming in 2006). Research on the Reform of the Financing of compulsory education in China. Education Science Press, Beijing, China.

Tsang, M., Fryer, M., and Arevalos, G. (2002). Access, equity, and performance: Education in Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank.

Tsang, M., Wei, X., and Xiao, J. (Eds.) (2000). Economic analysis of educational policy. Beijing, China: People's Education Press.

Tsang, M., Chung, Y., & Jin, X. (Eds.) (1995). Critical issues in policy analysis and management of education. Beijing, China: People's Daily Press.

Tsang, M. (1994). Cost analysis of educational inclusion of marginalized population. Paris: IIEP, UNESCO. (in English and French editions)

Tsang, M., Xie, B., Qu, H., & Cui, W. (Eds.) (1990). Western perspectives in economics of education. Beijing, China: Beijing Normal University Pres

Monographs, Research Reports, and Technical Manuals

Tsang, M., Yang, C., & Qiu, L. (2005). Minority education in Yunnan, China: Development, challenges, and policies. New York: Center on Chinese Education, Teachers College Columbia University.

Tsang, M. et. al. (2003). The financing of compulsory education in rural China. Research report prepared for the Ford Foundation. Center on Chinese Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Xiao, J. & Tsang, M. (2001). The determinants of on-the-job training and adult education. New York: Publication Series No. D-2, Center on Chinese Education, Teachers College Columbia University.

Tsang, M. (1998). Recent development in technology education: A review of international experience. Report prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank.

Tsang, M. (1998). Financing of education in Jamaica: Issues and strategies. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and Ministry of Education and Culture, Government of Jamaica.

Tsang, M. (1998). Jamaica educational cost and finance model: User's guide. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and the Government of Jamaica.

Tsang, M. (1997). Barbados educational cost and finance model: User's guide. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and the Government of Barbados.

Tsang, M. (1997). Trinidad and Tobago educational cost and finance model: User's guide. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and the Government of Trinidad and Tobago.

Tsang, M. (1997). Financing of education in Guyana: Issues and strategies. Washington, DC: Inter-American Development Bank.

Tsang, M. (1996). Guyana education financing model: User's guide. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and the Government of Guyana.

Tsang, M. (1995). Bhutan education financing model: User's guide. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and the Government of Bhutan.

Tsang, M. et. al. (1995). Bangladesh: Education expenditure review. Report prepared for the South Asia Department, World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1994). Issues in vocational training in the Republic of Yemen: Cost effectiveness, community participation, and equity. East Lansing, MI: College of Education, Michigan State University.

Tsang, M. (1993) Bangladesh: A review of costs and financing issues in education . East Lansing, MI: College of Education, Michigan State University.

Verspoor, A., & Tsang, M. (1993) (eds.) Case studies in financing quality basic education. Washington, D.C.: Education and Social Policy Department, the World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1992). Skill demand indicators for Michigan. East Lansing, MI: Michigan Partnership for New Education.

Tsang, M. (1992). Private secondary education in Nepal: Issues of costs, quality, and equity. Report prepared for South Asia Department, the World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1990). The design of a module for estimating costs and enrollments for national planning in Pakistan. Report prepared for the Planning Division, Government of Pakistan.

Tsang, M. (1989). The costs of vocational training. Washington, DC: Population and Human Resource Department, The World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1988). Cost analysis and educational policy making in developing countries. BRIDGES Research Report Series, No. 3. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University. (In both English and Arabic. Arabic version was prepared by the Ministry of Education, Egypt).

Tsang, M. (1987). A cost-of-education data system for national educational planning and policy analysis. Cambridge, MA: Project BRIDGES Institute for International Development, Harvard University.

Hartog, J., & Tsang, M. (1987). Estimating, testing, and applying a comparative advantage earnings function for the U.S. 1969-1973-1977. Stanford Education Policy Institute (Program Report No. 87-SEPI), Stanford University.

Schwille, J., Beeftu, A., Navarro, R., Prouty, R., Raudenbush, S., Tsang, M., and Wheeler, C. (1986). Recognizing, fostering and modeling school effectiveness in third world countries. Cambridge, MA: Project BRIDGES, Institute for International Development, Harvard University.

Rumberger, R., Levin H., & Tsang, M. (1986). Surplus schooling and worker productivity. Stanford Education Policy Institute (Program report No. 86-SEPI-15), Stanford University.

Tsang, M. (1984). The impact of overeducation on productivity. Institute for Educational Finance and Governance (Program Report No. 84-B10), Stanford University, California.

Levin, H., and Tsang, M. (1984). The economics of student time. Institute for Educational Finance and Governance (Program Report No. 84-B9), Stanford University, California.

Tsang, M. (1984). The economics of overeducation. Institute for Educational Finance and Governance (Program Report No. 84-B3), Stanford University.

Levin, H. & Tsang, M.(1982). Federal grants and national educational policy. Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance(Report No. 82-A18), Stanford University.

Book Reviews

Bray, M.(1991). [Review of Are small schools the answer? Cost-effective strategies for rural school provision]. London: The Commonwealth Secretariat. Economics of Education Review, 10(2), 181.

Bray, M.(1991). [Review of multiple-shift schooling: Design and operation for cost-effectiveness]. London: The Commonwealth Secretariat. Economics of Education Review, 10(2), 181.

Coombs, P., & Hallak, J.(1989). [Review of Cost analysis in education]. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press. Educational Researcher, 18(5), 56-59.

Yondi, R. V., & Hinchliffe, K. (eds.) (1988). [Review of Forecasting skilled manpower needs]. Paris: UNESCO, IIEP. Economics of Education Review, 7(2), 271.

Presentations

Tsang, M. (2005). Core competencies for university leadership. Presented at the Roundtable on Roles and competencies of university presidents in Chinese and American higher education, China-U.S. Relations Conference, November 14-17, 2005, Beijing.

Tsang, M. (2005). K-12 education in the United States: Issues of governance and fiancning. Presented at the Seminar for Basic-Education Leaders from China, October 24- November 1, 2005. Teachers College Columbia University.

Tsang, M.(2005). Education decentralization and intergovernmental grants: Lessons from China. Presented at the International Conference on Education Decentralization, held at the World Bank on January 13-14, 2005.

Tsang, M.(2004). Faculty salaries and incentives. Presented at the Seminar for University Leaders at Teachers College Columbia University, October 20.

Tsang, M.(2004). University technology transfer in the United States. Presented at the seminar on economics and management in education, July 12, Shanghai University of Science and Technology, Shanghai, China.

Tsang, M.(2004). The financing of compulsory education in China: Lessons learned. Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Salt Lake City, Utah, March 2004.

Tsang, M. (2003). School choice in the People's Republic of China. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference in Chicago, April.

Tsang, M. (2003). Resource utilization and disparities in the financing of compulsory education in China . Paper presented at the International Conference on Chinese Education, held at Teachers College, Columbia University February 6-7.

Tsang, M. (2002) Critical issues in educational research in China in the new century. Presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Orlando, March 6-9.

Ding, Y. and Tsang, M. (2002). Financial disparities in compulsory education in China. Presented at the Association for Asian Studies Conference in Washington, DC, April 4-7.

Li, D. and Tsang, M. (2002). Girls education and household education spending in rural China. Presented at the Association for Asian Studies Conference in Washington, DC, April 4-7.

Tsang, M. (2002). Economic analysis and education policymaking. Presented at Yunnan Normal University, Kunming, China, on July 12, 2002.

Tsang, M. (2001). Financing compulsory education in rural China. Presented at the Conference on Education Reform in China, at Harvard University, July 13-14, 2001.

Tsang, M. (2001). Intergovernmental grants and the financing of education in China. Presented at the International Conference on Economics of Education, at Peking University, China, May 17-19, 2001.

Tsang, M. (2001). School choice in urban China. Presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Washington, DC, April 2001.

Tsang, M. (2001). Privatization in education in China. Presented at the Seminar on Chinese Education, at Teachers College, March 8, 2001.

Tsang, M. (2000). Privatization and choice in basic education in China. Presentation at the New England Association for Asian Studies Conference, held in Providence, Rhode Island, September 30-October 1.

Tsang, M. (2000). The economic burden of compulsory schooling on families in poor areas of China. Presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference in New Orleans, April 24-28.

Tsang, M. (2000). Integrating programs in education economics and in comparative international education. Presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in San Antonio, March 8-12.

Tsang, M. (2000). School choice in the People's Republic of China. Presented at the International Conference on School Choice and School Reform in East Lansing, March 15-17.

Tsang, M. (1999). Alternative strategies for human capital development in a fast-growing fast-changing area. Joint presentation with Jin Xiao at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Toronto in April.

Tsang, M. (1999). International and transcultural studies at Teachers College, Columbia University. Joint presentation with faculty from Department of International and Transcultural Studies, Teachers College, at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Toronto in April.

Tsang, M. (1998). Recent development in technology education: A review of international experience. Presented at an international seminar on technology education on July 20, Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago.

Tsang, M. (1998). Issues and strategies for the financing of education in Jamaica. Presented at the National Seminar on Education Financing in Kingston, Jamaica, in April 1998.

Tsang, M. (1998). Household educational spending and access to compulsory education in poor counties in China. Presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Buffalo, New York, March 1998.

Tsang, M. (1998). Education and earnings in rural China. Presented at the Mid-west Economics Association Conference in Chicago, March, 1998.

Tsang, M. (1997). Human-capital development in a fast-growing fast-changing area: The Shenzhen model. Presented at the Center Chinese Studies, University of Michigan , Ann Arbor , on November 18, 1997.

Tsang, M. (1997). The economic effects of education in rural China . Presented at the national conference of the Association for Asian Studies, in Chicago, on March 13-16, 1997.

Tsang, M. (1997). Household expenditures and the Education-For-All Policy: A cross-national study. Presented at the American Educational Research Association conference in Chicago, on March 24-29, 1997.

Tsang, M.(1997). Economic evaluation of policy options for the development of secondary education in Trinidad and Tobago. Presented at the workshop on educational finance, held in Port of Spain, the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, on March 3-5, 1997.

Koshimura, M., and Tsang, M.(1997). Financing strategies for equalization in basic education: A cross-national review. East Lansing, MI: College of Education, Michigan State University. Paper prepared for the World Bank, Washington, DC.(To be submitted for presentation at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Buffalo, NY, in March 19-22, 1998)

Tsang, M.(1996). Education and poverty reduction in rural China . Presented at the Asian Studies Center , Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan.

Tsang, M., and Min, W.(1996). An evaluation of the financial reform of higher education in China. East Lansing, MI: College of Education, Michigan State University.

Tsang, M. (1996). Household education spending in Yunnan and Shanxi, China. East Lansing, MI: College of Education, Michigan State University.

Tsang, M. (1996). Household education spending in poor counties in China . Presented at the Mid-west Economic Association conference in Chicago, March 1996.

Tsang, M. (1996). Issues of efficiency, equity, and equality in the financing of education in Guyana. Presented at the Inter-American Development Bank seminar on education financing, March 1996.

Tsang, M. (1996). Policy analysis and education financing in Guyana . Presented at an international seminar on education financing in Georgetown, Guyana, March 1996.

Tsang, M. (1996). Private costs of education in urban areas in China. Presented at the Western Comparative and International Education Society conference in Honolulu, January 1996.

Tsang, M. (1995). Household education spending and access to basic schooling in two poor countries. Presented at the American Education Research Association Conference in San Francisco, April 1995.

Tsang, M. (1995). The costs of adult education and training. Presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Boston, March 1995.

Tsang, M. (1995). Graduate studies for Chinese students in the U.S. Presented at the Conference of the Michigan Association for International Programs and Personnel, at Michigan State University, in February 1995.

Tsang, M. (1994). Investment in education in China: 1950-1991. Presented at the Asian Studies Center, Michigan State University, on November 15, 1994.

Tsang, M. (1994). A skill development fund for financing human-resource development in Yemen. Presented at the National Seminar on the Management and Financing of Vocational Training, held in Sana'a, the Republic of Yemen on October 18-19, 1994.

Tsang, M. (1994). Policy issues in financing quality basic education for all. Paper presented at the Midwest Economics Association Conference in Chicago, on March 24-26, 1994.

Tsang, M. (1994). The costs of investment in education in China. Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in San Diego, on March 21-23, 1994.

Tsang, M. (1993). Financing quality basic education. Paper presented at the International Forum on Education for All, on September 8-10, 1993 in New Delhi, India. Forum was organized by UNICEF, UNESCO, UNDP, and World Bank.

Tsang, M. (1993). Financial reform of basic education in China . Paper presented at the International Conference on Economics of Education held in Manchester, England, on May 18-20, 1993. Conference was sponsored by the British Council, the World Bank and the GTZ of Germany.

Tsang, M. (1993). Skill demand indicators for Michigan . Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference in Atlanta, on April 16-20, 1993.

Tsang, M. (1993). Model of skill demand. Paper presented at the Mid-West Economics Association Conference in Indianapolis, on April 1-3, 1993.

Tsang, M. (1992). Comparative perspectives on costs and financing of education. Paper presented at the Policy Seminar on Educational Finance on August 18-22, 1992, in Dalian, China.

Tsang, M. (1992). Resource utilization in higher education in China. Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Annapolis, MD, March 12-16.

Tsang, M. (1991). Understanding and monitoring changes in skill demand. East Lansing, MI: Michigan Partnership for New Education.

Tsang, M. (1991). Private financing of primary education: Lessons from Pakistan and Thailand . Paper read at the Comparative and International Education Society conference in Pittsburgh, PA, March 1991.

Tsang, M. (1991). Cost-benefit analysis in education. Presentation sponsored by State Department of Education, State of Penang, Malaysia, July 20.

Tsang, M. (1991). Applications of cost analysis in education. Presentation made a the Ministry of Education, Malaysia , in Kuala Lumpur, July 18.

Tsang, M. (1991). Education, productivity, and economic development. Presentation sponsored by Islamic International University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, July 8.

Tsang, M. (1991). Public and private resources for education. Presented at World Bank Staff Development Seminar, held at Stanford University, on June 20,1991.

Xiao, J., and Tsang, M. (1991). The organization and financing of adult education in China . Paper read at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Pittsburgh, PA, March 1991.

Tsang, M. (1991). Resource mobilization to primary education in Pakistan . East Lansing , MI : College of Education , Michigan State University.

Tsang, M. (1990). Private resources and school quality: The case of Thailand . Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Conference in Boston in April, 1990.

Tsang, M. (1990). Private resources to primary education: Lessons from Thailand , Pakistan , and China . Presented at World Bank Staff Development Workshop at Stanford University, California.

Tsang, M., & Taoklam, W. (1990). The costs of public and private primary education in Thailand . Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Los Angeles, March.

Tsang, M., Saki, M., & Ghafoor, A. (1990). Household expenditures and alternatives for financing primary education in Pakistan . Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Los Angeles, March.

Tsang, M., & Wheeler, C. (1989). Local initiatives and their implications for a multi-level approach to school improvement in Thailand . Paper presented at the conference on Effective Schools in Developing Countries, sponsored by the World Bank in Washington, DC.

Tsang, M. (1989). Mobilization of resources for education in China . Paper prepared for the World Bank for study of Financing Educational Developments in China.

Tsang, M. (1989). The costs of vocational education and training in developing countries. Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Society Conference in Cambridge, MA.

Min, W. F., & Tsang, M. (1989). Vocational education and productivity: A case study of the Beijing General Auto Industry Company. Paper presented at the World Bank Conference on Recent Developments in Vocational Education in Washington, DC.

Tsang, M. (1988). Issues in the financing of education. Presentations made at the Academy of Educational Planning and Development, Ministry of Education, Islamabad, Pakistan, August 30 - September 1.

Min, W. F., & Tsang, M. (1988). Teachers' continuing education in China . Paper presented at the Second Annual Conference of the U.S. - China Teacher Education Consortium in Memphis, Tennessee.

Tsang, M. (1988). A cost perspective on school quality. Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Educational Research Association in New Orleans.

Tsang, M. (1988). The impact of overeducation on worker productivity. Paper presented at the annual conference of the American Educational Research Association in New Orleans.

Tsang, M. (1987). The impact of overeducation on job satisfaction and turnover. Paper presented at the conference on Current Issues in Productivity Studies in New Brunswick, New Jersey.

Min, W. F., & Tsang, M. (1987). Vocationalism and economic development: A case study of China. Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Conference in Washington, DC.

Tsang, M. (1987). Cost analysis and efficiency in primary education in developing countries. Paper presented at the Comparative and International Education Conference in Washington, DC.

Tsang, M. (1985). Recent developments in economics of education. Paper presented at the 1985 National Workshop on Economics of Education. Beijing, China.