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Teachers College, Columbia University
Teachers College
Columbia University

 

Education Finance

 

(1) Tsang, M., et.al. (Eds.) (2011). Financing compulsory education in China: Efficiency, equity, and adequacy.  Beijing, China: Peking University Press. (in Chinese)

(2) Gong, X. & Tsang, M.(2011), Interprovincial and Regional Inequity in the Financing of Compulsory Education in China, in Tiedan Huang, Alexander W. Wiseman (ed.) The Impact and Transformation of Education Policy in China (International Perspectives on Education and Society, Volume 15), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp.43-78.

(3) Zhang, Y., Mizunoya, S., You, Y., & Tsang, M. (2011).  Financial inequity in basic education in selected OCED countries.  International Education Studies, 4(3): 3-22.

(4) Tsang, M. and Ding, Y. (2005). Resource utilization and disparities in the financing of compulsory education in China. China Review, 5(1): 1-31.

(5) Tsang, M. and Ding, Y. (2003). Financial disparities in compulsory education in China. Peking University Education Review (in Chinese), 1(1): 84-94.

(6) Tsang, M. et. al. (2003). The financing of compulsory education in rural China. Research report prepared for the Ford Foundation. Center on Chinese Education, Teachers College, Columbia University.

(7) Tsang, M. (2003). Intergovernmental grants and the financing of compulsory education in China. In School of Education, Peking University Studies in Economics of Education. Beijing, China.

(8) Li, L. and Tsang, M. (2002). The new school finance in the United States. Jiaoyu Yanjiu (Educational Research), No. 5:84-89.

(9) Tsang, M. (2002). Establishing and developing a substantial and regularized scheme of intergovernmental grants in compulsory education in China. Harvard China Review, No. 5, pp. 15-20.

(10) Tsang, M. (1998). Financing of education in Jamaica : Issues and strategies. Prepared for the Inter-American Development Bank and Ministry of Education and Culture, Government of Jamaica.

(11) Tsang, M. (1997). Financing of education in Guyana : Issues and strategies. Washington, D.C. : Inter-American Development Bank.

(15) Tsang, M. (1996). Financial reform of basic education in China. Economics of Education Review, 15(4): 423-444.

(16) Tsang, M. et. al. (1995). Bangladesh: Education expenditure review. Report prepared for the South Asia Department, World Bank.

(17) Tsang, M. (1994). The costs and financing of secondary education in Nepal. In World Bank, Nepal: Critical issues in secondary education. Washington, D.C. : South Asia Department, the World Bank.

(18) Tsang, M. (1993) Bangladesh: A review of costs and financing issues in education. East Lansing, MI : College of Education, Michigan State University.

(19) Verspoor, A., & Tsang, M. (1993) (eds.) Case studies in financing quality basic education. Washington, D.C.: Education and Social Policy Department, the World Bank.

(20) Tsang, M. (1993). Financial reform in basic education: The Chinese experience. In Verspoor, A., & Tsang, M. (Eds.) Case studies in financing quality basic education, pp. 53-71. Washington, D.C.: Education and Social Policy Department, the World Bank.

(21) Tsang, M. (1991). Financing secondary and intermediate education in Pakistan. In World Bank, Islamic Republic of Pakistan: Review of secondary and intermediate education. Washington, D.C.: South Asia Department.

(22) Tsang, M. (1991). The costs and financing of education in the Republic of Yemen. In World Bank, Republic of Yemen : Human development--Societal needs and human capital response. Washington, D.C.: Middle East and North Africa Department, the World Bank.

(23) Tsang, M. (1991). The financing of basic education in Shaanxi and Guizhou, China. In World Bank, China: Provincial education planning and finance--sector study. Washington, D.C.: China and Mongolia Department, the World Bank.

(24) Tsang, M., & Levin, H. (1983). The impact of intergovernmental grants on educational expenditure. Review of Educational Research, 53(3), 329-367.

(25) Levin, H. & Tsang, M. (1982). Federal grants and national educational policy. Institute for Research on Educational Finance and Governance (Report No. 82-A18), Stanford University.

(26) Tsang, M., Ding, X., & Shen, H. (2010). Rural-urban disparities in private tutoring in lower-secondary education in China. Education and Economics.

(27) Ding, Y. & Tsang, M (2006).   Financial disparities in compulsory education in China: 1997-2000.  Journal of Education and Economics.

(28) Tsang, M., et. al. (2008) Financial disparities in basic education.  New York: Center on Chinese Education, Teachers College Columbia University.

(29) Tsang, M. & Ding, Y. (2011).  Financial disparities in compulsory education in China.  In Tsang, et. al.  Financing compulsory education in China: Efficiency, equity, and adequacy.  Beijing, China: Peking University Press. (in Chinese)

(30) Tsang, M. & Ding, Y. (2011).  The role of intergovernmental grants in decentralized financing of compulsory education in China.  Financing compulsory education in China: Efficiency, equity, and adequacy.  Beijing, China: Peking University Press. (in Chinese)

(31) Tsang, M. & Li, W. (2011).  School finance reform in four states in the United States.  In Tsang, M., et.al.  Financing compulsory education in China: Efficiency, equity, and adequacy.  Beijing, China: Peking University Press. (in Chinese)