Education and Poverty in an
International Context
Volume 4, Spring 2006

About the Authors


Zeena Zakharia

Editors' Note
Katherine Martinelli and Leah Mason

Exploratory Essays

The Poor Don't Need Another Prophet: A People-Centered Approach to Microfinance and Education in Bolivia
Payal Arora  

Regional Economic Stratification and its Impact on Women's Educational Access and HIV/AIDS in Kenya: A Comparison between the Nyanza and Central Provinces
Serah Shani  

The Effects of Early Education on Children in Poverty
Anna D. Johnson

Research Papers

Human Rights Based Approaches in State Development Porgramming: A Selected Survey of Right to Education and Right to Food Programs
Law School Human Rights Clinic    

Determinants of Child Labor in Thailand
Rubkwan Tharmmapornphilas    

The Private Direct Costs of Primary Education in Urban China
Yan Shi    

The Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and Tanzania's Next Generation
Tavis D. Jules



About the Authors

Payal Arora holds a masters degree in International Education Policy from Harvard University and an English Teaching Certificate from the University of Cambridge . She is currently in the doctoral program in International Educational Development at Teachers College, Columbia University . Payal has been and is currently being published in peer-reviewed journals including the Association of Advancement in Computing in Education Journal, Information Communication and Ethics in Society journal, and the IJEDICT Journal. Her research interests include information and communication technology for educational development, public-private partnerships in emerging markets and critical policy discourse analysis.

Columbia Law School 's Human Rights Clinic exposes students to the practice of law in the cross-cultural context of international human rights litigation and advocacy. Working in partnership with experienced attorneys and institutions engaged in human rights activism, both in the United States and abroad, students contribute to effecting positive change locally and globally. In recent semesters, clinic students have engaged in transitional-justice research and participated in sessions of the U.N. Commission on Human Rights. In the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks, students were involved in petitioning the Inter-American Commission to protect the rights of detainees at the U.S. naval base at Guantanamo Bay , Cuba . Students have also worked with Human Rights Watch and other groups to focus the attention of the U.N. Working Group on Arbitrary Detention on whether the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service is complying with international standards in its "war on terrorism" detentions. The students who collaborated on the article in this volume received their Doctors of Jurisprudence in May, 2006 and took the Bar Exam in July.

Anna D. Johnson is entering her third year as a doctoral student at Teachers College, Columbia , pursuing a Ph.D. in Developmental Psychology under the advisement of Dr. Jeanne Brooks-Gunn. As a graduate research fellow at the National Center for Children and Families, Anna works on a variety of large, longitudinal, and multi-site studies that aim to inform policy decisions that impact children and families. Anna oversees data collection for the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study's kindergarten survey, and has worked on the Head Start Quality Project, part of the Head Start Quality Research Center Evaluation. Prior to coming to Columbia , Anna worked at the Manhattan District Attorney's Office as a Trial Preparation Assistant in the Child Abuse and Family Violence Bureau, where she assisted in the investigation of over 300 cases of child abuse and neglect. After leaving the District Attorney's office and before beginning her doctoral work, Anna taught English in Bari, Italy.

Tavis D. Jules is a Doctorate of Education (Ed.D) student in the Department of International and Transcultural Studies at Teachers College, Columbia University . His concentration is in International Educational Development with a specialization in International Education Policy Studies. He received his Masters of Arts in Peace Education and his Master of Education in Policy Studies from Teachers College, Columbia University . Tavis has done research on the implications of international polices on education in Brazil , South Africa and Tanzania . His present research and intended dissertation is on how a regional organization (CARICOM) influences educational polices within the Anglophone Caribbean as the region moves towards regional integration. Tavis' other research interests include borrowing and lending, convergence, human rights and gender parity.  

Serah Shani is a PhD student at Columbia University 's Teachers College, concentrating in Anthropology and Education. She also holds a Masters in Sociology with a specialization in health and medicine, and a Bachelors degree in community development and music. Serah has worked as a primary school teacher, a lecturer in teacher training colleges in Kenya , an HIV/AIDS counselor for the infected and the affected, and as a special education teacher for the physically handicapped. Her current research interests include examining how learning takes place in different cultural contexts, how social/cultural, political and economic situations impact learning processes, and on HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa. At present, Serah is doing research with African immigrants in New York City .

Yan Shi received a B.A. in Economics from Peking University , Beijing , China in 2002, and a M.A. in Management from Tsinghua University , Beijing , China in 2004. Currently she is pursuing her Ph.D. degree in Economics and Education at Teachers College, Columbia University . Her scholarly interests include education finance, education program evaluation, educational development and reform in China .

Rubkwan Tharmmapornphilas is a third year Ph.D student in the Economics and Education program at Teachers College, Columbia University . She received her Bachelors Degree in Economics from Chulalongkorn University , Thailand . After graduation she worked in the HSBC banking corporation for a few years. In 2004, Rubkwan received the Thai Royal Government Scholarship to study in the U.S. under the condition that she will return to Thailand and serve her country as a government officer in the Ministry of Education. Rubkwan's academic interests focus on the factors that influence child work and school enrollment, particularly in developing countries.

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