Founded in 1754 as King’s College by Royal Charter of King George II of England, Columbia University is the fifth oldest institution of higher learning in the United States and the oldest in the State of New York. From its beginning, Columbia and its graduates have made significant contributions to the nation and the advancement of knowledge. Founding fathers Alexander Hamilton, John Jay, Gouverneur Morris, and Robert Livingston were all graduates of King’s College. Presidents Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt were both graduates of the Law School; the psychologists Carl Rogers and Albert Ellis were graduates of Teachers College; and President Dwight Eisenhower was president of the University at the time of his election. More recently, Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsberg graduated from Columbia’s School of Law; former U.S. Secretary of State Madeleine Albright graduated from the School of Public Affairs; and President Barack Obama graduated from Columbia College. The University counts 38 Nobel Laureates among its faculty and graduates, including two Nobel Peace Prize Laureates.