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Stigma, Identity, and Intersectionality

Stigma, Identity, and Intersectionality


Sexual Minority People of Color: Racism & Homophobia
Kenya Crawford, Ed.M. and Brandon L. Velez, Ph.D.

This study was a mixed methods investigation of the roles of racism and heterosexism in the lives of sexual minority people of color. The quantitative portion of the study tests the associations of multiple characteristics of discrimination (frequency, scope, and bases) with negative and positive mental health outcomes. Qualitative data focused on deriving an in-depth understanding of the ways that sexual minority people of color perceive the discrimination they experience.

Experiences of Discrimination and Sense of Belonging Among Middle Eastern-North African American (MENA) Women
Sarah Alsaidi, Ed.M., and Brandon L. Velez, Ph.D.
Although several studies have linked perceived discrimination based on racial, ethnic, or religious identity to poor mental and physical health, little is known about the experiences of Arab, Middle Eastern, or North African American (AMENA) women in the most recent and current political climate. How do such experiences impact identity development, sense of self, and sense of belonging among AMENA women? This qualitative study analyzed interviews with 14 AMENA identified women in order to examine the linkages between discrimination and well-being. The findings address characteristic forms of discrimination and the broader impact upon the women’s sense of self and sense of belonging. 
Yemeni American Women and Barriers to Education in the United States
Sarah Alsaidi, Ed.M., and Brandon L. Velez, Ph.D.
The purpose of this study is to develop an in-depth and holistic understanding of Yemeni-American women and their experience of belonging within two, often conflicting, cultures. The study aims to fill the gap in the literature regarding beliefs and attitudes about female gender roles and the facilitators of and barriers to education. This study aims to give voice to this often invisible minority group by describing their needs and providing directions for implementation of programming and services such as ESL classes, leadership development, college prep services, and  pipelines to scholarships, internships, and employment opportunities.  
Examining the Relations of Anti-bisexual Discrimination, Sexual Objectification, and Childhood Sexual Abuse on Bisexual Women’s Risky Sexual Behavior
Charles Joseph (CJ) Polihronakis, Ed.M. and Brandon L. Velez, Ph.D.
The present study builds upon bisexuality and sexual objectification research by examining how experiences of anti-bisexual discrimination, sexual objectification, and childhood sexual abuse are associated with bisexual women’s risky sexual behaviors. Specifically, this study was designed to answer the following two research questions: 1) What are the associations of different forms of marginalization (i.e., sexual objectification, anti-bisexual discrimination) and experiences of childhood sexual abuse with sexual risk behaviors among bisexual women? and 2) Do body image variables drawn from objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997), such as SSA, body surveillance, body shame, and appearance anxiety, mediate the relations of marginalization and childhood sexual abuse with sexual risk behaviors? 

Disrupting the Discrimination-Distress Link: The Moderating Role of Bicultural Self-Efficacy for Latinxs

Robert A. Cox Jr., M.A., & Brandon L. Velez, Ph.D.

The present study employed a stress-coping model to better understand the relationship between levels of perceived discrimination for Latinx individuals and mental health outcomes (psychological distress and psychological well-being). Specifically, study authors investigated direct discrimination-distress and well-being relationships and the ability of bicultural self-efficacy to disrupt those relationships above and beyond the ability of acculturation. It is hypothesized that individuals with high levels of bicultural self-efficacy will report higher levels of psychological well-being and lower levels of psychological distress in the face of ethnic discrimination than will individuals who report lower levels of bicultural self-efficacy. Implications for research and practice will be discussed.