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James E. Purpura

Professional Background

Educational Background

B.A., Marietta College; M.A., University of Colorado; Ph.D., University of California, Los Angeles

Scholarly Interests

Second and foreign language assessment; Language Program Evaluation; Assessment of Grammatical Ability; Cognitive Dimensions of L2 Assessments; 

Selected Publications

Assessing Grammar (Cambridge University Press, 2004).

Strategy Use and Second Language Test Performance (Cambridge University Press).

Validating Questionnaires to Examine Personal Factors in L2 Test Performance. In M. Milanovich & C. Weir (Eds.), European Language Testing in a Global Context. Proceedings of the Association of Language Testers of Europe (ALTE) Conference of Barcelona. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

An analysis of the relationships between test takers' cognitive and metacognitive strategy use and second language test performance" (Language Learning).

The development and construct validation of an instrument designed to investigate the cognitive background characteristics of test takers (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates).

"A Review of Bialystok's Communication Strategies" (Issues in Applied Linguistics).



publications

Scholarly Books

Purpura, J. (2004). Assessing grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (1999). Strategy use and second language test performance: A structural equation modeling approach.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Selected Articles & Chapters

Purpura, J. (2008). Assessing communicative language ability: Models and components. In N. Hornberger & E. Shohamy (Eds.) (pp. 53-68), Encyclopedia of Language and Education, Vol 7. Language Testing and Assessment. Kluwar Academic Publishers.

Bachman, L., & Purpura, J. E. (2008). Language Assessments: Gate-keepers or Door-openers? In B. Spolsky & F. M. Hult (Eds.), The Handbook of Educational Linguistics (pp. 456-468). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing.

Purpura, J. & Graziano-King, J. (2004). Investigating the foreign language needs of professional school students in international and public affairs: A multidimensional approach. http://www.tc.columbia.edu/academic/tesol/Webjournal/index.html

Purpura, J. (2004). Validating Questionnaires to Examine Personal Factors in L2 Test Performance. In M. Milanovich & C. Weir (Eds.), European Language Testing in a Global Context.  Proceedings of the Association of Language Testers of Europe (ALTE) Conference in Barcelona (pp. 93-115). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (1998). Investigating the effects of strategy use and second language test performance with high- and low-ability test takers: A structural equation modeling approach. Language Testing, 15(3), 333-379.

Purpura, J. (1998). The development and construct validation of an instrument designed to investigate the cognitive background characteristics of test-takers.  In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Validation in Language Assessment (pp. 111-139). Mahwah, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

Purpura, J. (1997). An analysis of the relationships between test takers' cognitive and metacognitive strategy use and second language test performance. Language Learning, 47(2), pp. 289-294. (Won the 1997 ILTA Best Paper in Language Testing Award).


Selected ESOL Textbooks

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (2000). On Target 2 (2nd Ed.). White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1999). On Target 1 (2nd Ed.). White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.

Purpura, J. & Brenzy, P. (1992). In Charge 2. Glenview, Ill: ScottForesman

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1991). On Target 1. White Plains, NY: Addison-Wesley Longman (Pearson Publishers).

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1990). On Target 2. White Plains, NY: Addison-Wesley Longman (Pearson Publishers).


service and work outside nyc

Selected

Service to Language Assessment Professional Associations


  • Will serve as the Program Co-Chair (with Monica Barni) of the Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC) sponsored by ILTA. To be held in Palermo, Sicily. 

  • Serve as the Co-Chair of the "TC-ETS Forum on Language Assessment".

  • Serve as "Expert Member" of European Association of Language Testing and Assessment.

  • Serve on the steering committee of East Coast Organization of Language Testers (ECOLT). 

  • Served as President of the International Language Testing Association (2007 & 2008).

  • Served as the 2007 LTRC Program Co-Chair (with Carolyn Turner). Held in Barcelona, Spain. 

  • Served as member of the committee on diversity issues and testing for NCME.

  • Served as chair of the Research Interest Section of TESOL International.

  • Served as chair of the TESOL/Newbury House Award for Outstanding Research.

  • Served as member of the advisory board for the department of English at the American University of Armenia in Yerevan.

  • Serve on the selection committee of candidates for US Student Fulbright and foreign-sponsored awards for English Language Teaching Assistantships.

  • Serve on the Executive Advisory Board of the School of Continuing Studies at Columbia University.

  • Served as on the Language Resource Center Advisory Committee at Columbia University.


    Service to Refereed Journals


  • Serve as Editor-in-Chief of Language Assessment Quarterly.

  • Served on the Editorial Advisory Board of Language Testing and TESOL Quarterly

  • Review articles for Language Assessment Quarterly, Language Testing, Language Learning, Applied Linguistics, TESOL Quarterly, Canadian Modern Language Review, Issues in Applied Linguistics, Scientific Studies of Reading, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 


  • professional presentations

    service to the college and university

    Present.
        • Serve as Coordinator of the TESOL and Applied Linguistics programs

    A&HL 4088: Second language assessment

    Prerequisite: A&HL 4087 or permission of instructor. Priority given to M.A. Applied Linguistics/TESOL students in their last semester. Introduction to language assessment practices including test design, construction, scoring, analysis and reporting; introduction to measurement concepts and basic statistics; and use of SPSS. Special fee: $15.

    A&HL 4907: Research and independent study: Applied linguistics

    Permission of instructor required. Research under the direction of a faculty member. Students work individually or with others. Course may be taken more than once.

    A&HL 5207: Fieldwork in TESOL

    Permission of instructor required. Required field observation for students in the K-12 certification track. Course may be taken more than once. Special Fee: $15 

    A&HL 5512: Historical perspectives on language testing research

    This course examines the major issues and debates in language testing research since the 1960s. It explores controversies related to the nature of language ability, test authenticity, test score generalizability, performance assessment, and test validation. It also involves discussion of problems and future directions of language testing. Special fee $15.

    A&HL 5519: Instructed second language acquisition and assessment

    Prerequisite: A&HL 4088. Examines how teaching, learning and assessment of grammar have been conceptualized, researched and explained in recent decades. Explores differing conceptualizations of language ability as a basis for teaching grammar under different conditions and as a basis for measuring and explaining grammatical acquisition. Special fee: $15.

    A&HL 5575: Research literacy in applied linguistics and TESOL

    Introduction to quantitative and qualitative research methods with discussion of major research paradigms (experimental, ethnographic, introspective, questionnaire, etc.) and critical review of professional literature in applied linguistics and TESOL. Special fee: $15.

    A&HL 6000: Second language test validation

    This course addresses the notion of validity and the process of validation in second language (L2) assessment. More specifically, it focuses on conceptual issues related to the establishment of internal and external validity in L2 assessments and other measuring instruments (e.g., questionnaires). The course aims not only to introduce students to the range of multivariate analytical methods (i.e., factor analysis and structural equation modeling) for answering complex questions but also to introduce students to how these analyses would be carried out so that claims of validity can be established and justified empirically. Finally, this course introduces students to data analysis using SPSS and EQS.

    A&HL 6040: Classroom-based language assessment

    This course explores the major issues and debates that have ensued both in the field of second and foreign language classroom-based assessment and in mainstream classroom assessment. Focus will be placed on classroom-based language assessment research and practice in the context of processing. Special fee: $15.

     

    A&HL 6089: Second language performance assessment

    This course focuses on the application of Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) to the examination of questions in applied linguistics related to second language (L2) performance assessment. In addition to examining how performance assessments have been conceptualized and investigated in applied linguistics research, students will have multiple opportunities to perform analyses of L2 performance data using MFRM. Students will learn to use Winsteps and Facets for these analyses. Special fee: $15.

    A&HL 6207: Advanced fieldwork in applied linguistics and TESOL

    Permission of instructor required. Opportunity for qualified students, individually or in small groups, to develop and pursue projects, in consultation with an advisor, in schools, communities, and other field settings. Course may be taken more than once. Special fee: $15.

    A&HL 6407: Internship in applied linguistics and TESOL

    Faculty.

    Centers and Projects

    Teachers College Columbia University Roundtable in Second Language Studies