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James E. Purpura

Professional Background

Educational Background

Ph.D.    Applied Linguistics, University of California, Los Angeles, CA
(Specialization: Second Language Assessment; Second Language Education)
M.A.    French Linguistics, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO
B.A.    French Language and Literature, Marietta College, Marietta, OH

Scholarly Interests

Second and foreign language assessment; Language Program Evaluation; Assessment of Grammatical Ability; Cognitive Dimensions of L2 Assessments

Selected Publications

Purpura, J. E. & Kunnan, A. J. (Eds.) (Contracted). The writings of L. F. Bachman: “Assuring that what we count counts” in language assessment. New York: Routledge.

Purpura, J. (2014). Cognition and language assessment. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Companion to Language Assessment (pp. 1452-1476). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Purpura, J. (2014). Language learner styles and strategies. In M. Celce-Murcia, D. Brinton, & A. Snow (Eds.), Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (4th ed.) (pp. 532-549). Boston, MA: National Geographic Learning/Cengage Learning.

Purpura, J. (2013). Assessment of grammar. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Companion to Language Assessment (pp. 100-124). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Purpura, J. (2013). Assessment of grammar. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics: Assessment and Evaluation (pp. 1-10). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Purpura, J. E. (2011). Quantitative research methods in assessment and testing. In C. Chapelle & E. Hinkel (Eds.), Validation in language assessment. Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, Volume (pp. 731-751). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Purpura, J. E. (2009). The impact of large-scale and classroom-based language assessments on the individual. In C. Weir & L. Taylor (Eds.), Language testing matters: Investigating the wider social and educational impact of assessment – Proceedings of the ALTE Cambridge Conference, April 2008 (pp. 301-325). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (2004). Assessing grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (1999). Strategy use and second language test performance: A structural equation modeling approach.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.



publications

Scholarly Books

Purpura, J. E. & Turner, C. E. (Contracted). Learning-oriented assessment in language classrooms: Using assessment to gauge and promote language learning. New York: Routledge. Book was contracted in June 2012.

Purpura, J. E. & Kunnan, A. J. (Eds.) (Contracted). The writings of L. F. Bachman: “Assuring that what we count counts” in language assessment. New York: Routledge.

Purpura, J. (2004). Assessing grammar. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (1999). Strategy use and second language test performance: A structural equation modeling approach.  Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scholarly Editorship
Purpura, J. E. Editor-in-Chief (2014); Co-Editor (9/2013 to12-2013); Associate Editor (1/2007 to 8/2013). Language Assessment Quarterly.

Kunnan, A. J. & Purpura, J. E. New Perspectives in Language Assessment. New York, NY: Routledge. (10-12 volumes in contract).

Norris, J., Purpura, J. E., Ross, S. & Xi, X. (Eds.). Language Assessment at ETS: Innovation and Validation. New York, NY: Routledge (Contracted June 2014).



Selected Articles & Chapters

Hanrrahan, D., Sexton, P., Hui, K., Teitcher, J, Klitzman, R. & Purpura, J. E. (Submitted to Developing World Bioethics). Linguistic and cultural challenges in translating informed consent in US-sponsored HIV prevention research in emerging economies.

Turner, C. E. & Purpura, J. E. (Accepted). Learning-oriented assessment in second and foreign language classrooms. In D. Tsagari & J. Baneerjee (Eds.), Handbook of Second Language Assessment (pp. xx-xx). Boston, MA: De Gruyter, Inc.

Purpura, J. (2014). Cognition and language assessment. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Companion to Language Assessment (pp. 1452-1476). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Purpura, J. (2014). Language learner styles and strategies. In M. Celce-Murcia, D. Brinton, & A. Snow (Eds.), Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language (4th ed.) (pp. 532-549). Boston, MA: National Geographic Learning/Cengage Learning.

Purpura, J. (2013). Assessment of grammar. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Companion to Language Assessment (pp. 100-124). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Purpura, J. (2013). Assessment of grammar. In C. Chapelle (Ed.), The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics: Assessment and Evaluation (pp. 1-10). Oxford, UK: Wiley.

Purpura, J. E. (2011). Quantitative research methods in assessment and testing. In C. Chapelle & E. Hinkel (Eds.), Validation in language assessment. Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, Volume (pp. 731-751). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Purpura, J. E. (2009). The impact of large-scale and classroom-based language assessments on the individual. In C. Weir & L. Taylor (Eds.), Language testing matters: Investigating the wider social and educational impact of assessment – Proceedings of the ALTE Cambridge Conference, April 2008 (pp. 301-325). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J. (2008). Assessing communicative language ability: Models and components. In N.     Hornberger & E. Shohamy (Eds.) (pp. 53-68), Encyclopedia of Language and Education,     Vol 7.     Language Testing and Assessment. Kluwar Academic Publishers.

Bachman, L., & Purpura, J. E. (2008). Language Assessments: Gate-keepers or Door-openers? In     B.     Spolsky & F. M. Hult (Eds.), The Handbook of Educational Linguistics (pp. 456-468). Oxford:     Blackwell Publishing.

Purpura, J. & Graziano-King, J. (2004). Investigating the foreign language needs of professional school     students in international and public affairs: A multidimensional approach.     http://www.tc.columbia.edu/academic/tesol/Webjournal/index.html

Purpura, J. (2004). Validating Questionnaires to Examine Personal Factors in L2 Test Performance. In M.     Milanovich & C. Weir (Eds.), European Language Testing in a     Global Context.  Proceedings of     the Association of Language Testers of Europe (ALTE)     Conference in Barcelona (pp. 93-115).     Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Purpura, J., Graziano-King, J., Chang, J., Cook, K., Kim, J., Krohn, N., & Wiseman, C. (2003). An Analysis of the Foreign Language Needs of SIPA Students at Columbia University:     The SIPA Needs Assessment Project. Document submitted the Mellon Foundation via a grant from the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences at Columbia University.

Purpura, J. (1998). Investigating the effects of strategy use and second language test performance     with     high- and low-ability test takers: A structural equation modeling approach. Language Testing,     15(3), 333-379.

Purpura, J. (1998). The development and construct validation of an instrument designed to investigate the     cognitive background characteristics of test-takers. In A. J. Kunnan (Ed.), Validation in     Language Assessment (pp. 111-139). Mahwah, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum    Associates, Inc.

Purpura, J. (1997). An analysis of the relationships between test takers' cognitive and metacognitive     strategy use and second language test performance. Language Learning,     47(2), pp. 289-294.     (Won the 1997 ILTA Best Paper in Language Testing Award).


Selected ESOL Textbooks

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (2000). On Target 2 (2nd Ed.). White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley     Longman, Inc.

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1999). On Target 1 (2nd Ed.). White Plains, NY: Addison Wesley     Longman, Inc.

Purpura, J. & Brenzy, P. (1992). In Charge 2. Glenview, Ill: ScottForesman

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1991). On Target 1. White Plains, NY: Addison-Wesley Longman     (Pearson Publishers).

Purpura, J. & Pinkley, D. (1990). On Target 2. White Plains, NY: Addison-Wesley Longman     (Pearson Publishers).



service and work outside nyc

SELECTED

Service to Referred Journals
9/13 to present Serve as Editor of Language Assessment Quarterly
2003 to 2013 Served first on the editorial board of Language Assessment Quarterly, then as Associate Editor and more recently as Senior Associate Editor.
1993 to present
Review articles for Language Assessment Quarterly, Language Testing, Language Learning, Applied Linguistics, TESOL Quarterly, Canadian Modern Language Review, Issues in Applied Linguistics, Scientific Studies of Reading, Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis
2004 to 2006 Served on the Editorial Advisory Board of Language Testing.
2003 to 2005 Served on the Editorial Advisory Board of Language Assessment Quarterly.
2001 to 2005 Served on the Editorial Advisory Board of TESOL Quarterly.
2000 & 2001 Served as referee for the small grants program offered by Language Learning.
1992 Served as Advertising Editor for Issues in Applied Linguistics, TESL/Applied Linguistics, and UCLA.

Service to Language Assessment Professional Associations
2016 
Will serve as the Program Co-Chair (with Monica Barni) of the Language Testing Research Colloquium (LTRC) sponsored by International Language Testing Association (ILTA) (Ratified by members). To be held in Palermo, Sicily.
2014 Serve as the 2014 TCCRISLs Roundtable Faculty Organizer on the topic of Learning-Oriented Assessment.
2014 to present Serve as the Co-Chair of the “TC-ETS Forum on Language Assessment” (with Tom Van Essen from ETS), a collaboration between TC and ETS on language assessment research and practice.
2005 to present Serve as “Expert Member” of European Association of Language Testing and Assessment (EALTA).
2003 to present
Serve on the steering committee of East Coast Organization of Language Testers (ECOLT).
2000 to present
Serve as conference proposal evaluator for the AAAL, LTRC, ECOLT, SLRF, & EALTA.
2009 to 2010    Served as Immediate Past President of the International Language Testing Association (ILTA).
2007 to  2008    Served as (first two year) President of the International Language Testing Association (Elected).
2007    Served as the 2007 LTRC Program Co-Chair (with Carolyn Turner) sponsored by ILTA. Held in Barcelona, Spain.
2006    T Served as Vice-President of ILTA (Elected).
1997 to 2000 Served as coordinator of publishers' exhibit at the LTRC Vancouver (2000) (in collaboration with Jee Wha Kim & Matthew Wagner), LTRC Monterey (1998) & LTRC Orlando (1997).
2001 to 2003 Served as member-at-large on the Executive Board of ILTA (Elected).
2000 to 2003    Served as chair of the ILTA committee to select the Best Article of the Year in Language Testing.
2002    Served as member of the ILTA nominating committee (Elected).
1998 to 1999 Served as member and then chair of the nominating committee of the ILTA (Elected).
1997    Served as Associate Conference Chair for the LTRC, Orlando, FL.
1995    Served as Associate Local Chair for the LTRC, Long Beach, CA.




Selected Professional Experience Beyond Columbia University
Summer  2015
Distinguished Visiting Professor, The American University of Cairo, Cairo, Egypt. Teaching A learning-oriented approach to language assessment in classrooms and large-scale assessments and Examining the role of technology in promoting engagement and L2 processing in learning-oriented assessments.
Summer  2014 Invited Professor, University for Foreigners in Siena, Italy. Teaching language assessment in the Summer Institute of the European Association of Language Testing and Assessment (EALTA).
Summer 2012, 2013, & 2014  Invited Professor, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Italy. Taught SLA, intro to language assessment, advanced principles of language test development & learning-oriented assessment.
2009, 2010, & 2014 Invited Professor, Applied Linguistics Program, Hellenic-American University, Athens, Greece. Ph.D. Program consultant. Taught L2 Assessment, Advanced L2 Assessment, & Performance Assessment.
Spring 2012 Invited Professor, A learning orientation to classroom-based assessments of grammar and meaning. (Distinguished Lecture Series, Temple University, Tokyo & Osaka).
Summer 2011 & 2007 Invited Professor, Department of English & German Philology, University of Barcelona, Spain. Taught Test Design and Development.
 
Summer 98 Invited Professor, ESADE Idiomas, Spain. Taught Introduction L2 Assessment for Spanish & Catalan Schoolteachers.


professional presentations

service to the college and university

SELECTED

Sept. 01 to present
Associate Professor of Linguistics & Education, TESOL & Applied Linguistics Programs, TC. Conduct research in second language (L2) assessment; serve on program, departmental, college & university committees. Have taught Foundations of L2 Assessment; History of L2 Testing; Classroom-Based Language Assessment; SLA & Assessment; Language Test Validation (Structural equation modeling); L2 Performance Assessment (IRT); Pedagogical English Grammar; SLA; Conversation Analysis; Research Methods in TESOL/AL; Doctoral Seminar in Language Assessment; Supervised Student Teaching K-12. Taught in TC Tokyo, TC Jordan programs. Tenured 2004.


A&HL 4088: Second language assessment

Prerequisite: A&HL 4087 or permission of instructor. Priority given to M.A. Applied Linguistics/TESOL students in their last semester. Introduction to language assessment practices including test design, construction, scoring, analysis and reporting; introduction to measurement concepts and basic statistics; and use of SPSS. Special fee: $15.

A&HL 4907: Research and independent study: Applied linguistics

Permission of instructor required. Research under the direction of a faculty member. Students work individually or with others. Course may be taken more than once.

A&HL 5207: Fieldwork in TESOL

Permission of instructor required. Required field observation for students in the K-12 certification track. Course may be taken more than once. Special Fee: $15 

A&HL 5512: Historical perspectives on language testing research

This course examines the major issues and debates in language testing research since the 1960s. It explores controversies related to the nature of language ability, test authenticity, test score generalizability, performance assessment, and test validation. It also involves discussion of problems and future directions of language testing. Special fee $15.

A&HL 5519: Instructed second language acquisition and assessment

Prerequisite: A&HL 4088. Examines how teaching, learning and assessment of grammar have been conceptualized, researched and explained in recent decades. Explores differing conceptualizations of language ability as a basis for teaching grammar under different conditions and as a basis for measuring and explaining grammatical acquisition. Special fee: $15.

A&HL 5575: Research literacy in applied linguistics and TESOL

Introduction to quantitative and qualitative research methods with discussion of major research paradigms (experimental, ethnographic, introspective, questionnaire, etc.) and critical review of professional literature in applied linguistics and TESOL. Special fee: $15.

A&HL 6000: Second language test validation

This course addresses the notion of validity and the process of validation in second language (L2) assessment. More specifically, it focuses on conceptual issues related to the establishment of internal and external validity in L2 assessments and other measuring instruments (e.g., questionnaires). The course aims not only to introduce students to the range of multivariate analytical methods (i.e., factor analysis and structural equation modeling) for answering complex questions but also to introduce students to how these analyses would be carried out so that claims of validity can be established and justified empirically. Finally, this course introduces students to data analysis using SPSS and EQS.

A&HL 6040: Classroom-based language assessment

This course explores the major issues and debates that have ensued both in the field of second and foreign language classroom-based assessment and in mainstream classroom assessment. Focus will be placed on classroom-based language assessment research and practice in the context of processing. Special fee: $15.

 

A&HL 6089: Second language performance assessment

This course focuses on the application of Many-Facet Rasch Measurement (MFRM) to the examination of questions in applied linguistics related to second language (L2) performance assessment. In addition to examining how performance assessments have been conceptualized and investigated in applied linguistics research, students will have multiple opportunities to perform analyses of L2 performance data using MFRM. Students will learn to use Winsteps and Facets for these analyses. Special fee: $15.

A&HL 6207: Advanced fieldwork in applied linguistics and TESOL

Permission of instructor required. Opportunity for qualified students, individually or in small groups, to develop and pursue projects, in consultation with an advisor, in schools, communities, and other field settings. Course may be taken more than once. Special fee: $15.

A&HL 6407: Internship in applied linguistics and TESOL

Faculty.

Centers and Projects

Teachers College Columbia University Roundtable in Second Language Studies