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Peter Gordon

Professional Background

Educational Background

B.A. (Hons) in Psychology, University of Stirling (Scotland)
Ph.D. in Psychology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Scholarly Interests

Language acquisition and processing, Developmental Neuroscience of Language and Cognition, Cross-cultural studies of numerical cognition and linguistic knowledge. Infant event representations and verb argument structure, Behavioral Genetics of Language, Magnetic Resonance Imaging of brain functioning in language processing.


Field Research
Piraha villages, Maici River, Amazonia, Brazil: June 1991; June - August 1992; June 1993. Kadiweu reservation, Matto Grosso do Sul, Brazil: August, 1995


Selected Publications

Gordon, P. (in press, 2013) Numerical Cognition and Language Development.  Encyclopedia of Language Development (in Press)

Khamis-Dakwar, R., Froud, K. & Gordon, P. (2012). Acquiring diglossia: Mutual influences of formal and colloquial Arabic on children's grammaticality judgments.  Journal of Child Language, 39 (1), 61-89.

Gordon, P.  (2010). Worlds without words: Commensurability and Causality in Language, Culture and Cognition.  In B. Malt and P. Wolff (Eds.) Words and the Mind.  How Words Capture Human Experience.  New York: Oxford University Press.

Year, J.E. & Gordon, P. (2009). Korean speakers’ acquisition of the English ditransitive construction: The role of verb prototype, input distribution, and frequency.

Modern Language Journal, 93, 399-417.

Gordon, P. (2009).  Language and Consciousness.  In W. Banks (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Consciousness, Oxford, UK:  Oxford University Press.

 Gordon, P. (2008).  Look Ma, no fingers!  Are children numerical solipsists? Brain and Behavioral Sciences,31, 654-655

 Gordon, P., & Miozzo, M. (2008) Can word formation be understood or understanded by semantics alone?  Cognitive Psychology,56, 30-72.

Ganger, J., Dunn, S. & Gordon, P.  (2005) Genes take over when the input fails: Findings from a twin study of the passive.  Online proceedings of the 27th Boston University Conference on Language Development.

Miozzo, M. & Gordon, P.  (2005) Facts, Events and Inflection: When Language and Memory Dissociate, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 7, 1074-1086.

Gordon, P. (2005) Author's Response to  "Crying Whorf".  Science, 307, 1722.

Gordon, P.  (2004) Numerical Cognition without Words: Evidence from AmazoniaScience, 306, 496-499.  First appeared in Science Express, online publication August 16th 2004.

Gordon, P.  (2004) Supplementary online materials to "Numerical Cognition without Words: Evidence from Amazonia."  Science Online. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/1094492/DC1

Gordon, P. (2003)  The origin of argument structure in infant event representationsProceedings of the 26th Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Gordon, P. & Alegre, M. (1999) Is there a dual system for regular inflections?  Brain and Language. 68 , 212-217.

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999) Rule-Based Versus Associative Processes in Derivational Morphology. Brain and Language. 68, 347-354

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999)  Frequency effects and the representational status of regular inflectionsJournal of Memory and Language, 40, 41-61.

Sandalo F. & Gordon, P. (1999).  Acquisition and creolization of Condition C "violations" in Kadiweu and Portuguese. Cadernos de Estudos Linguisticos , 36. Campinas, Brazil: Departamento de Linguistica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

Krackow, E. & Gordon, P.  (1998).  Are lions and tigers substitutes or associates?  Evidence against slot filler accounts of children's early categorization. Child Development, 69, 347-354.

Chung, T.R. & Gordon, P. (1998).  The Acquisition of Chinese Dative ConstructionsProcedings of the 22nd Boston University Conference on Language Development. Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Sandalo F. & Gordon, P. (1997).  Acquisition and creolization of Condition C "violations" in Kadiweu and Portuguese. Procedings of the 21st Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development.  Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Gordon, P. (1996).  The truth-value judgment task.  In D. McDaniel, C. McKee, H. Cairns (Eds.)  Methods for assessing children's syntax.  Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1996).  Red rats eater exposes recursion in children's word formationCognition, 60, 65-82.

Gordon, P. (1994).  Level-ordering in lexical development.  In P. Bloom (Ed.)  Language Acquisition:  Core Readings.  Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Gordon, P.  & Chafetz, J. (1991).  Verb-based vs. class-based accounts of actionality effects in children's comprehension of the passiveCognition, 36, 227-254.

Gordon, P. (1990).  Learnability and feedbackDevelopmental Psychology, 26, 217-220.

Gordon, P.  (1989).  Levels of affixation in the acquisition of English morphologyJournal of Memory and Language, 28, 519-530.

Gordon, P.  (1988).  Count/mass category acquisition:  Distributional distinctions in children's speech.  Journal of Child Language, 15, 109-128.

Gordon, P.  (1986).  Level-ordering in lexical developmentCognition, 21, 73‑93.

Gordon, P.  (1985).  Evaluating the semantic categories hypothesis:  The case of the count/mass distinctionCognition, 20, 209-242.

 

grants

  • Acquisition of adjective agreement in spanish children with and without language impairment. Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (R0013-392) $122,160. Awarded to: Phaedra Royle (PI) and Daniel Valois, University of Montreal, Peter Gordon, Columbia University.

  • Acquisition of neurophysiological instrumentation for language and movement processes NSF Instrumentation Grant ($356,763) Awarded to Andrew Gordon and Peter Gordon.  8/1/03 to 7/31/06.
  • Are Babies Rationalists or Empiricists?  Teachers College, Dean's Grant for faculty research (2003).
  • Using eye tracking and the visual-world paradigm to evaluate language processing in children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) and age-matched cohorts Teachers College, Dean's Grant for faculty research (2002).
  • Event Representations in Infancy Teachers College, Dean's Grant for faculty research (2001).
  • Functional Neuroimaging of Lexical Morphological Processing.  Functional Imaging Research Project, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, (PI; Julie Fiez, co-PI: Peter Gordon).
  • Applying the Twin Method to Language Development in Children.  NIH Individual National Research Service Award, Post-Doctoral Fellowship to Jennifer Ganger.  Peter Gordon (sponsor) 1998-2001.
  • Conceptual Argument Structure in Infancy. Central Research Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh to Peter Gordon (PI). 1997-1999.
  • Innumeracy in Lowland Amazonia.  Central Research Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh to Peter Gordon (PI). 1992-1993.
  • Computing Enhancement Grant. Central Research Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh to Peter Gordon (PI) 1991.
  • Piraha Language Acquisition (Native Amazonian). Office of Child Development, University of Pittsburgh: Seed Grant for Cross-Disciplinary Research in Child Development to Peter Gordon and Dan Everett, 1990-1991.
  • The Acquisition of Lexical Structure.  National Science Foundation to Peter Gordon (PI)., 1988-1991.
  • Language Development in Infancy  Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pittsburgh:  Research Support Grant to Peter Gordon, 1985-86.
  • Language Development in Infancy  Faculty of Arts and Sciences, University of Pittsburgh:  Research Support Grant to Peter Gordon, 1985-86.
  • Canonical Encoding of Faces Central Research Development Fund, University of Pittsburgh, to Peter Gordon, 1985-86.
  • Event Representations in Infancy.  NIH (Pending/Under Revision)
  • The Structure of Event Representations in Infancy  NSF (Pending/Under Revision)

office location

active professional organizations

American Psychological Society (APA)
Association for Psychological Science (APS)
American Speech-Language and Hearing Association (ASHA)
Society for Research in Child Language Disorders (SRCLD)
Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD)
International Society for Infant Studies (ISIS)
International Association for the Study of Child Language (IASCL)
Cognitive Neuroscience Society (CNS)
Society for the Study of the Indigenous Languages of the Americas (SSILA)

principal publications

PUBLICATIONS


Gordon, P. (in press, 2013) Numerical Cognition and Language Development.  Encyclopedia of Language Development (in Press)


Khamis-Dakwar, R., Froud, K. & Gordon, P. (2012). Acquiring diglossia: Mutual influences of formal and colloquial Arabic on children's grammaticality judgments.  Journal of Child Language, 39 (1), 61-89.

 

Gordon, P.  (2010). Worlds without words: Commensurability and Causality in Language, Culture and Cognition.  In B. Malt and P. Wolff (Eds.) Words and the Mind.  How Words Capture Human Experience.  New York: Oxford University Press.

 

Year, J.E. & Gordon, P. (2009). Korean speakers’ acquisition of the English ditransitive construction: The role of verb prototype, input distribution, and frequency.
Modern Language Journal, 93, 399-417.

 

Gordon, P. (2009).  Language and Consciousness.  In W. Banks (Ed.) The Encyclopedia of Consciousness, Oxford, UK:  Oxford University Press.

 

Gordon, P. (2008).  Look Ma, no fingers!  Are children numerical solipsists? Brain and Behavioral Sciences,31, 654-655

 

 

Gordon, P., & Miozzo, M. (2008) Can word formation be understood or understanded by semantics alone?  Cognitive Psychology,56, 30-72.

Ganger, J., Dunn, S. & Gordon, P.  (2005) Genes take over when the input fails: Findings from a twin study of the passive.  Online proceedings of the 27th Boston University Conference on Language Development.

Miozzo, M. & Gordon, P.  (2005) Facts, Events and Inflection: When Language and Memory Dissociate, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 17, 7, 1074-1086.

Gordon, P. (2005) Author's Response to  "Crying Whorf".  Science, 307, 1722.

Gordon, P.  (2004) Numerical Cognition without Words: Evidence from AmazoniaScience, 306, 496-499.  First appeared in Science Express, online publication August 16th 2004.

Gordon, P.  (2004) Supplementary online materials to "Numerical Cognition without Words: Evidence from Amazonia."  Science Online. http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/1094492/DC1

Gordon, P. (2003)  The origin of argument structure in infant event representationsProceedings of the 26th Boston University Conference on Language Development. Somerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Gordon, P. & Alegre, M. (1999) Is there a dual system for regular inflections?  Brain and Language. 68 , 212-217.

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999) Rule-Based Versus Associative Processes in Derivational Morphology. Brain and Language. 68, 347-354

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999)  Frequency effects and the representational status of regular inflectionsJournal of Memory and Language, 40, 41-61.

Sandalo F. & Gordon, P. (1999).  Acquisition and creolization of Condition C "violations" in Kadiweu and Portuguese. Cadernos de Estudos Linguisticos , 36. Campinas, Brazil: Departamento de Linguistica, Universidade Estadual de Campinas.

Krackow, E. & Gordon, P.  (1998).  Are lions and tigers substitutes or associates?  Evidence against slot filler accounts of children's early categorization. Child Development, 69, 347-354.

Chung, T.R. & Gordon, P. (1998).  The Acquisition of Chinese Dative ConstructionsProcedings of the 22nd Boston University Conference on Language Development. Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Sandalo F. & Gordon, P. (1997).  Acquisition and creolization of Condition C "violations" in Kadiweu and Portuguese. Procedings of the 21st Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development.  Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Gordon, P. (1996).  The truth-value judgment task.  In D. McDaniel, C. McKee, H. Cairns (Eds.)  Methods for assessing children's syntaxCambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1996).  Red rats eater exposes recursion in children's word formationCognition, 60, 65-82.

Gordon, P. (1994).  Level-ordering in lexical development.  In P. Bloom (Ed.)  Language Acquisition:  Core ReadingsCambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Gordon, P.  & Chafetz, J. (1991).  Verb-based vs. class-based accounts of actionality effects in children's comprehension of the passiveCognition, 36, 227-254.

Gordon, P. (1990).  Learnability and feedbackDevelopmental Psychology, 26, 217-220.

Gordon, P.  (1989).  Levels of affixation in the acquisition of English morphologyJournal of Memory and Language, 28, 519-530.

Gordon, P.  (1988).  Count/mass category acquisition:  Distributional distinctions in children's speech.  Journal of Child Language, 15, 109-128.

Gordon, P.  (1986).  Level-ordering in lexical developmentCognition, 21, 73‑93.

Gordon, P.  (1985).  Evaluating the semantic categories hypothesis:  The case of the count/mass distinctionCognition, 20, 209-242.

 

honors and awards

Lilly Endowment Teaching Fellowship to Peter Gordon, 1987-1988.
Sloan Foundation Post-Doctoral Fellowship in Cognitive Science to Peter Gordon, Sloan Foundation. Stanford University, 1982-83.

HUDK 5024: Language development

Survey of research and theory in the development of language, beginning with communication and the origins of language in infancy and emphasizing acquisition of the forms of language in relation to their content and use.

BBSQ 5941: Research needs and methods in speech-language pathology and audiology

Permission required. Prerequisite: BBSQ 5940. Required of first-year doctoral students. Development of rationales for doctoral dissertations and projects.

BBSQ 6514: Language: Brain, biology and language acquisition

Permission required. For doctoral candidates and advanced master's degree students in speech-language pathology. Doctoral candidates are required to enroll in at least three sections of seminars in the BBSQ 6513-6517 series. Seminars involve intensive study and analysis of current research and issues in the particular topics.

BBSQ 6941: Supervised research in speech-language pathology and audiology

Permission required. Prerequisite: BBSQ 5941. Doctoral candidates are required to enroll in their advisors section for both semesters. Opportunity to design and conduct pilot studies and projects.

Documents & Papers

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999) Rule-Based Versus Associative Processes in Derivational Morphology. Brain and Language. 68, 347-354

Download: Alegre & Gordon Deriv Gangs B&L [PDF]

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1999) Frequency effects and the representational status of regular inflections. Journal of Memory and Language, 40, 41-61.

Download: Alegre & Gordon Freq Infl JML 1999 [PDF]

Alegre, M. & Gordon, P. (1996). Red rats eater exposes recursion in children’s word formation. Cognition, 60, 65-82.

Download: Alegre & Gordon Red Rats Eater 1996 Cogn [PDF]

Miozzo, M. & Gordon, P. (In press, 2005) Facts, Events and Inflection: When Language and Memory Dissociate, Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.

Download: Miozzo & Gordon Facts Events and Inflection [PDF]

Chung, T.R. & Gordon, P. (1998). The Acquisition of Chinese Dative Constructions. Procedings of the 22nd Boston University Conference on Language Development. Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press

Download: Chung & Gordon Chinese Datives BU 98 [PDF]

Paper prepared in 1999, not published. Do not cite without permission

Download: Why Compounds Researchers aren't Rats Eaters: [Word]

This movie shows a Piraha participant using fingers and Piraha count words to enumerate quantities

Download: Piraha Counting Movie

Gordon, P. (2005) Author’s Response to “Crying Whorf”. Science, 307, 1722

Download: Cassanto Letter + Response [PDF]

The Acquisition of Syntactic Categories The Case of the Count/Mass Distinction PhD dissertation from MIT (1982) Advisor: Susan Carey

Download: PhD Dissertation [PDF]

Ganger, J., Dunn, S. & Gordon, P. (To be published, 2005) Genes take over when the input fails: Findings from a twin study of the passive. Online proceedings of the 27th Boston University Conference on Language Development

Download: Ganger, Dunn & Gordon Genes take over BU 2004 [PDF]

This file contains a video of eye tracking on a 12 mnth old viewing the GIVE w/ and GIVE w/o videos in PGs event structure experiments

Download: 12 month old Eye tracking GIVE

Gordon, P. & Alegre, M. (1999) Is there a dual system for regular inflections? Brain and Language. 68 , 212-217.

Download: Gordon & Alegre 1999 Reg Infl B&L [PDF]

Download: Cognition Count Mass [PDF]

Gordon, P. (1989). Levels of affixation in the acquisition of English morphology. Journal of Memory and Language, 28, 519-530.

Download: Gordon 1989 JML Levels of affix [PDF]

Gordon & Miozzo (in press, 2007) Cognitive Psychology

Download: Can word formation be understood or understanded by meanin alone? [PDF]

Gordon, P. (2004) Numerical Cognition without Words: Evidence from Amazonia. Science, 306, 496-499. First appeared in Science Express, online publication August 16th 2004.

Download: Gordon Science Number 2004 [PDF]

This file contains a video of eye tracking on a 12 mnth old viewing the HUG w/ and HUG w/o videos in PGs event structure experiments

Download: 12 month old Eye tracking HUG

Sandalo F. & Gordon, P. (1997). Acquisition and creolization of Condition C “violations” in Kadiweu and Portuguese. Procedings of the 21st Annual Boston University Conference on Language Development. Sommerville, Mass: Cascadilla Press.

Download: Sandalo&Gordon Kadiweu BU 1997 [PDF]

Piraha participant attempts to imitate the number of knocks

Download: Knocking movie

Download: Lions & Tigers [PDF]

Facts, Events and Inflection: When Language and Memory Dissociate

Download: Miozzo & Gordon Facts Events Inflection [PDF]

Download: Peter & Gordon [Image]

Various scenes from everyday Piraha village

Download: Piraha River & Vlg Scenes

Gordon, P. (1996). The truth-value judgement task. In D. McDaniel, C. McKee, H. Cairns (Eds.) Methods for assessing children's syntax. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.

Download: Gordon 1996 Truth Value Task [PDF]

Download: Principle publications [Word]