Bowers, Alex J. (ab3764) | Teachers College Columbia University

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Bowers, Alex
Associate Professor of Educational Leadership
Organization & Leadership

Office Hours:
By Appointment

Educational Background

Ph.D. in Educational Administration - Michigan State University (2007)
Master of Science in Molecular Biology, Biochemistry & Microbiology - The Pennsylvania State University (1997)
Bachelor of Science in Biochemistry; Secondary Major: Chemistry - Michigan State University (1994)
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Scholarly Interests

Alex J. Bowers is an Associate Professor of Education Leadership at Teachers College, Columbia University, where he works to help school leaders use the data that they already collect in schools in more effective ways to help direct the limited resources of schools and districts to specific student needs. His research focuses on the intersection of effective school and district leadership, organization and HR, data driven decision making, student grades and test scores, student persistence and dropouts. His work also considers the influence of school finance, facilities, and technology on student achievement. Dr. Bowers studies these domains through the application of Intensive Longitudinal Data analysis (ILD), data science, and “Big Data” analytics, such as data visualization analytics, multilevel and growth mixture modeling, and cluster analysis heatmap data dashboards. He earned his Ph.D. in K12 Educational Administration from Michigan State University, and previous to teaching and education research, spent a decade as a cancer researcher in the biotechnology industry, with a M.S. in Biochemistry, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, and a B.S. in Biochemistry. Dr. Bowers is the recipient of multiple awards, including being the first person to win both the AERA Emerging Scholar Award for Division A (Administration, Organization and Leadership), and the UCEA Jack A. Culbertson Award for outstanding early faculty research, both in 2012. He was named an Outstanding Reviewer of the Year for the journals American Educational Research Journal (2009) and Educational Administration Quarterly (2012 & 2016). Dr. Bowers is a faculty advisor to the Harvard Strategic Data Project and currently serves on the editorial boards of the journals Educational Administration Quarterly and the Journal of Education Finance and is co-editor of volume 4 (2013) volume 5 (2014) and volume 6 (2015) of the Information Age Publishing book series International Research on School Leadership. He has served as Principal Investigator or co-Principal Investigator on over $1 million in externally funded research grant projects. In 2012-2013, he served as the 2013 AERA Division A annual meeting program chair and is currently the 2015-2017 co-chair of the AERA Districts in Research and Reform Special Interest Group.

Link to full CV

Selected Publications

Google Scholar Profile:  http://scholar.google.com/citations?user=aniaFJ4AAAAJ

Selected Recent Presentations:

Bowers, A.J. (2014) Intensive Longitudinal Data Analysis and Visual Data Analytics of Student, Teacher & Leader Data for Decision Making in Schools http://vialogues.com/vialogues/play/13673 with follow-up podcast interview: http://pocketknowledge.tc.columbia.edu/home.php/viewfile/118308

Bowers, A.J. (2013) Pattern Analysis and Data Visualization of Student Data for Decision Making http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.654053

Bowers, A.J. (2012) Toward Effective and Efficient School Districts: Facility Finance, Resource Management and Data Driven Decision Making http://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.679400

Alex J. Bowers is an Associate Professor of Education Leadership at Teachers College, Columbia University, where he works to help school leaders use the data that they already collect in schools in more effective ways to help direct the limited resources of schools and districts to specific student needs. His research focuses on the intersection of effective school and district leadership, data driven decision making, student grades and test scores, student persistence and dropouts. His work also considers the influence of school finance, facilities, and technology on student achievement. Dr. Bowers studies these domains through the application of Intensive Longitudinal Data analysis (ILD), such as data visualization analytics, multilevel and growth mixture modeling, and cluster analysis heatmap data dashboards. He earned his Ph.D. in K12 Educational Administration from Michigan State University, and previous to teaching and education research, spent a decade as a cancer researcher in the biotechnology industry, with an M.S. in Biochemistry, Microbiology and Molecular Biology, and a B.S. in Biochemistry. Dr. Bowers is the recipient of multiple awards, including the 2012 American Educational Research Association's (AERA) Emerging Scholar Award for Division A (Administration, Organization and Leadership), and the 2012 University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA) Jack A. Culbertson Award for outstanding early faculty research. He was named an Outstanding Reviewer of the Year for the journals American Educational Research Journal (2009) and Educational Administration Quarterly (2012). Dr. Bowers is a faculty advisor to the Harvard Strategic Data Project and currently serves on the editorial boards of the journals Educational Administration Quarterly and the Journal of Education Finance and is co-editor of volume 4 (2013) volume 5 (2014) and volume 6 (2015) of the Information Age Publishing book series International Research on School Leadership. In 2012-2013, he served as the 2013 AERA Division A (Administration, Organization, & Leadership) annual meeting program chair and is currently the 2015-2017 co-chair of the AERA Districts in Research and Reform Special Interest Group.

Link to full CV

2016 - 2019                 Building Community and Capacity for Data-Intensive Evidence-Based Decision Making in Schools and Districts. Granting Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR), Division of Graduate Education (NSF DGE-1560720) http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1560720

2015 - 2017                 Using Big Data to Investigate Longitudinal Education Outcomes through Visual Analytics. Granting Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Computer & Information Science & Engineering (CISE), Division of Information & Intelligent Systems (NSF IIS-1546653) http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1546653

2015 - 2016                 Developing a Longitudinal School District Effectiveness Identification System in Idaho. Education Northwest.

2014 -2016                  A Data-Intensive Exploration of the Links between SES and STEM Learning. Granting Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR), Division of Research on Learning, Data-Intensive Research to Improve Teaching and Learning (NSF DRL-1418333) http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1418332

2014 - 2016                 Elaborating Data Intensive Research Methods through Researcher-Practitioner Partnerships. Granting Agency: National Science Foundation (NSF), Directorate for Education and Human Resources (EHR), Division of Research on Learning (NSF DRL-1444621) http://www.nsf.gov/awardsearch/showAward?AWD_ID=1444621

2009 - 2010                 What do Teacher Assigned Grades Actually Assess? Analyzing Grades as Informative Academic and Non-Academic Data for Policy and School-Level Decision Making. Granting Agency: Jointly funded by the AERA Research Grants Program, National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) http://www.aera.net/Portals/38/docs/Professional_Development/Res_and_Dis_Grants_abstracts/Abs-RG-00033627.html

2007 - 2008                 Examining the Relationship Among Principal Attributes, Teacher Quality, and Student Achievement in Texas. Granting Agency: The University of Texas Center for Collaborative Educational Research and Policy (UTCCERP). http://www.utaustinerc.org/print.php?pid=42

2012 Emerging Scholar Award for outstanding contributions to the field, American Educational Research Association (AERA) Division A - Administration, Organization and Leadership

2012 Jack A. Culbertson Award for outstanding early faculty research, University Council for Educational Administration (UCEA)

2012 Outstanding reviewer of the year award for the journal Educational Administration Quarterly (EAQ)

2008 Outstanding reviewer of the year award for the American Educational Research Journal (AERJ), American Educational Research Association (AERA)

Peer Reviewed Edited Books:

 

Bowers, A.J., Shoho, A.R., Barnett, B.G. (Editors). (2015) Challenges and Opportunities of Educational Leadership Research and Practice: The State of the Field and Its Multiple Futures - International Research on School Leadership Volume 6. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. ISBN: 9781681232744 (Amazon.com)

Bowers, A.J., Shoho, A.R., Barnett, B.G. (Editors). (2014). Using Data in Schools to Inform Leadership and Decision Making - International Research on School Leadership Volume 5. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. ISBN: 978-1623967864 (Amazon.com)

Barnett, B.G., Shoho, A.R., Bowers, A.J. (Editors) (2013). School and District Leadership in an Era of Accountability - International Research on School Leadership Volume 4. Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. ISBN: 9781623963828 ( Amazon.com )

 

Peer-Reviewed Refereed Publications:

 

Bowers, A.J., Blitz, M., Modeste, M., Salisbury, J., Halverson, R. (in press) How Leaders Agree with Teachers in Schools on Measures of Leadership Practice: A Two-Level Latent Class Analysis of the Comprehensive Assessment of Leadership for Learning. Teachers College Record.

Boyce, J., Bowers, A.J. (in press) Principal Turnover: Are there Different Types of Principals Who Move From or Leave Their Schools? A Latent Class Analysis of the 2007-08 Schools and Staffing Survey and the 2008-09 Principal Follow-up Survey. Leadership and Policy in Schoolshttp://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15700763.2015.1047033

Boyce, J., Bowers, A.J. (in press) Different Levels of Leadership for Learning: Investigating Differences Between Teachers Individually and Collectively Using Multilevel Factor Analysis of the 2011-12 Schools and Staffing Survey. International Journal of School Leadershiphttp://doi.org/10.1080/13603124.2016.1139187

Wang, Y., Bowers, A.J. (2016) Mapping the Field of Educational Administration Research: A Journal Citation Network Analysis of the Discipline. Journal of Educational Administration, 54(3), p.242-269. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/JEA-02-2015-0013 ( Preprint available )

Bowers, A.J., Chen, J.(2015) Ask and Ye Shall Receive? Automated Text Mining of Michigan Capital Facility Finance Bond Election Proposals to Identify which Topics are Associated with Bond Passage and Voter Turnout. Journal of Education Finance, 41(2), p.164-196. ( Preprint available )

Bowers, A.J. (2015). Site Selection in School District Research: A Measure of Effectiveness Using Hierarchical Longitudinal Growth Models of Performance. School Leadership & Management, 35(1) p. 39-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13632434.2014.962500 ( Preprint available )

Bowers, A. J., & White, B. R. (2014). Do Principal Preparation and Teacher Qualifications Influence Different Types of School Growth Trajectories in Illinois? A Growth Mixture Model Analysis. Journal of Educational Administration, 52(5), 705-736. doi: 10.1108/JEA-12-2012-0134  Preprint available )

Ingle, W.K., Bowers, A.J., Davis, T. (2014) Which School Districts Qualified for Federal School Facility Funding Under ARRA? Evidence from Ohio. Journal of Education Finance, 40(1), p.17-37. http://www.efc.gwu.edu/wp-content/uploads/2014/07/JEF_article_40-1_Ingle.pdf 

Urick, A., Bowers, A.J. (2014) How does Principal Perception of Academic Climate Measure Up? The Impact of Principal Perceptions on Student Academic Climate and Achievement in High School. Journal of School Leadership, 24(2), 386-414.

Urick, A., Bowers, A.J. (2014) What are the Different Types of Principals Across the U.S.? A Latent Class Analysis of Principal Perception of Leadership. Educational Administration Quarterly, 50(1), 96-134. doi:10.1177/0013161X13489019

Bowers, A.J., Lee, J. (2013) Carried or Defeated? Examining the Factors that Predict School District Bond Elections in Texas, 1998-2009. Educational Administration Quarterly,49(5), 732-767. doi: 10.1177/0013161X13486278 (Preprint available

Bowers, A.J., Sprott, R., Taff, S.A. (2013) Do we Know Who Will Drop Out? A Review of the Predictors of Dropping out of High School: Precision, Sensitivity and Specificity. The High School Journal, 96(2), 77-100. doi:10.1353/hsj.2013.0000 (Preprint available

Bowers, A.J., Berland, M. (2013) Does Recreational Computer Use Affect High School Achievement? Educational Technology Research & Development, 61(1), 51-69.doi:10.1007/s11423-012-9274-1 (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J., Sprott, R. (2012) Why Tenth Graders Fail to Finish High School: A Dropout Typology Latent Class Analysis. The Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk (JESPAR), 17(3), 129-148. doi:10.1080/10824669.2012.692071 (Preprint Available

Bowers, A.J., Sprott, R. (2012) Examining the Multiple Trajectories Associated with Dropping Out of High School: A Growth Mixture Model Analysis. The Journal of Educational Research, 105(3), 176-195. doi:10.1080/00220671.2011.552075 ( Preprint Available )

Nunez, A.M., Bowers, A.J. (2011) Exploring What Leads High School Students to Enroll in Hispanic-Serving Institutions: A multilevel analysis. American Educational Research Journal, 48(6), 1286-1313. doi: 10.3102/0002831211408061

Bowers, A.J.Urick, A. (2011) Does High School Facility Quality Affect Student Achievement? A 2-Level Hierarchical Linear Model. Journal of Education Finance, 37(1), 72-94. (weblink) (Preprint Available)

Urick, A., Bowers, A.J. (2011) What Influences Principal Perception of Academic Climate?  A Nationally Representative Study of the Direct Effects of Perception on Climate.Leadership and Policy in Schools, 10(3), 322-348. doi:10.1080/15700763.2011.57792(Preprint Available)

Bowers, A.J. (2011) What's in a Grade? The Multidimensional Nature of What Teacher Assigned Grades Assess in High School. Educational Research & Evaluation, 17(3), 141-159. doi: 10.1080/13803611.2011.597112 (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J. (2010) Toward Addressing the Issues of Site Selection in District Effectiveness Research: A 2-Level Hierarchical Linear Growth Model. Educational Administration Quarterly,46(3), 395-425. doi:10.1177/0013161X10375271. (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J. (2010) Analyzing the Longitudinal K-12 Grading Histories of Entire Cohorts of Students: Grades, Data Driven Decision Making, Dropping Out and Hierarchical Cluster Analysis. Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation (PARE), 15(7), 1-18.http://pareonline.net/pdf/v15n7.pdf (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J. (2010) Grades and Graduation: A Longitudinal Risk Perspective to Identify Student Dropouts. The Journal of Educational Research, 103(3), 191-207.doi:10.1080/00220670903382970 (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J., Murakami-Ramalho, E. (2010) The Research Journal Club: Pedagogy of Research in the Preparation of Students in Educational Leadership. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 5(10), 335-356. doi:10.1177/194277511000501001 (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J., Metzger, S.A., Militello, M. (2010) Knowing What Matters: An Expanded Study of School Bond Elections in Michigan, 1998-2006. Journal of Education Finance, 35(4), 374-396. doi:10.1353/jef.0.0024 (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J., Metzger, S.A., Militello, M. (2010) Knowing the Odds: Parameters that Predict Passing or Failing School District Bonds. Educational Policy,24(2), 398-420. doi:10.1177/0895904808330169

Militello, M., Gajda, R.H., Bowers, A.J. (2009) The Role of Accountability Policies and Alternative Certification on Principals' Perceptions of Leadership Preparation. Journal of Research on Leadership Education, 4(2), 30-66. doi:10.1177/194277510900400301

Printy, S., Marks, H.M., Bowers, A.J. (2009) Integrated Leadership: How Principals and Teachers Share Instructional Influence. Journal of School Leadership, 19(5), 504-532. (Preprint available)

Bowers, A.J. (2009) Reconsidering Grades as Data for Decision Making: More than Just Academic Knowledge. Journal of Educational Administration, 47(5), 609-629.Hudoi:10.1108/09578230910981080

Militello, M., Metzger S., Bowers, A.J. (2008) The High School "Space Race": Implications of a Market-Choice Policy Environment for a Michigan Metropolitan region. Education and Urban Society, 41(1), 26-54. Hudoi:10.1177/0013124508321358

Bowers, A.J. (2008) Promoting Excellence: Good to Great, NYC's District 2, and the Case of a High Performing School District, Leadership and Policy in Schools, 7(2), 154-177.doi:10.1080/15700760701681108 (Preprint available)

Molecular Biology (prior to 2005)U:

Bowers, A.J., Boylan, J.F. (2004). Nek8, a NIMA Family Kinase Member is Overexpressed in Primary Human Breast Tumors. Gene 328, 134-142. HUdoi:10.1016/j.gene.2003.12.002UH

Bowers, A.J., Scully, S., Boylan, J.F. (2003). SKIP3, a Novel Drosophila Tribbles Ortholog, is Overexpressed in Human Tumors and is Regulated by Hypoxia. Oncogene 22(18), 2823-35. HUdoi:10.1038/sj.onc.1206367U

Boylan, J.F., Sharp, D.M., Leffet, L., Pan, W., Bowers, A. (1999). Analysis of Site-Specific Phosphorylation of the Retinoblastoma Protein during Cell Cycle Progression. Experimental Cell Research 248, 110-114. HUdoi:10.1006/excr.1999.4389U

Pekker, Y., Beaudry, R.M., Wilson, I.D., Zhu, Y., Burmeister, D.M., Jianping, K., Poneleit, L., Walker, J., Gran, C.D., Miller, B., Dixon-Holland, D., Bowers, A., Dilley, D.R. (1993). Development of ELISA for 1-Aminocyclopropane-1-Carboxylate Oxidase. Proceedings from the Sixth International Controlled Atmosphere Research Conference, NRAES-71Vol. 2, 564-569.

Dilley, D.R., Jianping, K., Poneleit, L., Zhu, Y., Pekker, Y., Wilson, I.D., Burmeister, D.M., Gran, C., Bowers, A. (1993). Purification and Characterization of ACC Oxidase and Its Expression During Ripening in Apple Fruit. Cellular and Molecular Aspects of the Plant Hormone Ethylene: 46-52.

 

Book Chapters, Research & Policy Reports:

 

Bowers, A.J., Shoho, A.R., Barnett, B.G (2015) The Multiple Futures of the Field of Educational Leadership Research and Practice – An Introduction. In A.J. Bowers, A.R. Shoho, B. G. Barnett (Eds.) Challenges and Opportunities of Educational Leadership Research and Practice: The State of the Field and Its Multiple Futures (p.1-14). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D8JW8D90

Bowers, A. J. (2015). Voter's Role in Deciding School Facility Issues. UCEA Review, 56(1) 20-21. http://3fl71l2qoj4l3y6ep2tqpwra.wpengine.netdna-cdn.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/11/UCEAReviewWinter_Web011615.pdf

Bowers, A. J., Shoho, A. R., & Barnett, B. G. (2014). Considering the Use of Data by School Leaders for Decision Making. In A. J. Bowers, A. R. Shoho & B. G. Barnett (Eds.), Using Data in Schools to Inform Leadership and Decision Making (pp.1-16). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing. http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D8862F32

 Bowers, A.J. (2014). Bonds in School Financing. In Brewer, D.J., Picus, L.O. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Education Economics and Finance (pp.83-86). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Bowers, A.J. (2014). Student Risk Factors. In Brewer, D.J., Picus, L.O. (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Education Economics and Finance (pp. 624-627). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Barnett, B. G., Shoho, A. R., & Bowers, A. J. (2013). Introduction to Volume 4 of the International Research on School Leadership Book Series. In B. G. Barnett, A. R. Shoho & A. J. Bowers (Eds.), School and District Leadership in an Era of Accountability (pp. 1-12). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.7916/D8HQ3XJD

White, B., Bowers, A.J. (2011) Principal Effects in Illinois: A Research Brief (IERC 2011-3). Edwardsville, IL: The Illinois Education Research Council, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville. http://www.siue.edu/ierc/publications/pdf/2011-3_Principal_Effects.pdf

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Alex Bowers CV

Alex Bowers CV