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International & Transcultural Studies

All Courses

Please check the Class Schedule or contact the program for specific course availability for each semester.

ITSF 4005 Education in emergencies and reconstruction

This course provides students with a comprehensive introduction to the growing and increasingly complex field of education in emergencies, one which encompasses crises caused by natural disasters and armed conflict and which spans the relief-development spectrum.

ITSF 4009 Introduction to Research Methods in International and Comparative Education

This course is designed to serve as an introduction to the concepts, methods, and applications of empirical research in international and comparative education. The course readings, lectures, class discussion, activities, and course assignments will examine fundamental issues and processes of research design and practice from a variety of methodological perspectives —qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods.  Students taking this class should also consider registering for HUDM 4120 or HUDM 4122.

ITSF 4010 Cultural and Social Bases of Education

Analyses of basic anthropological concepts, with particular reference to the sociocultural context of education and the role of educational institutions in community, national, and regional development. Students may enroll for either three or four points. Four-point enrollment requires attendance at film showings before or after class and at discussion sessions held at hours to be arranged.

ITSF 4011 Contexts of education

The exploration of fundamental anthropological concepts for the analysis of educational, cultural, and social institutions, organizations, and processes of different peoples of the world. 

ITSF 4012 Cross-cultural studies of learning

Analyses of basic anthropological concepts, with particular reference to the influence of cultures and subcultures on the learning process, to education in multicultural classrooms, and to the relevance of psychological anthropology to educational issues. Four-point enrollment requires attendance at film showings before or after class and additional discussion sessions held at hours to be arranged.

ITSF 4013 Literacy and development

This course examines common assumptions about the relationship between literacy and cognitive and/or social, political and/or economic development.

ITSF 4014 Urban situations and education

An introduction to the anthropological study of cities and how larger-scale urban relationships affect schooling.  Emphasis is placed on understanding urban inequality.

ITSF 4015 Introduction to computers, language, and literacy

Sociocultural implications of computer use in education; viability of software use in the light of language learning theories; evaluation of electronic materials for use by bilingual, ESL, and native- and foreign-language learners. Materials fee: $20.

ITSF 4016 Culture and society in Africa

A general survey of sub-Saharan Africa, using contributions from theoretical approaches to anthropological research in the area. Emphasis on socioeconomic, ideological and religious, educational, and political analysis of African communities.

ITSF 4018 Anthropology and development in Africa

This seminar considers issues and problems of development in sub-Saharan Africa. It examines specific development projects from different theoretical and empirical perspectives.

ITSF 4025 Languages, society, and schools

This course studies the role that languages play in different societal contexts. It examines the language policies of different societies and looks at how these policies are enacted or not in different institutional contexts by diverse speakers. In doing so, the course pays attention to diverse language ideologies as well as to the relationship between language and identity. Languages and literacies in schools, especially educational language policy in multilingual contexts, receive special consideration.

ITSF 4026 Technology and culture

An exploration of the impact of technology broadly defined upon cultural evolution as currently discussed in anthropology and related disciplines.

ITSF 4030 ITSF 4030: Education for social change: comparative and international perspectives

What is education for social change?  What is popular education?  How is it implemented internationally?  Using a comparative and international perspective, this course explores theories and practices of popular education, a pedagogical-political approach based on participatory methodologies that are committed to schooling for social justice.  In this course, we will examine theoretical debates on popular education.  We will also compare historical and contemporary examples of popular education practices (including critical pedagogy), research methods (such as participatory action research), and techniques.

ITSF 4034 Dynamics of family interaction

An introduction to communication patterns inside families, with a special emphasis on both their complexity at the interpersonal level and their simplicity within the social structure of a community. Class time is dominated by cross-cultural data on family structure and videotape analyses of communication patterns within American families.

ITSF 4038 Monitoring and Evaluation in International Educational Development

This course explores small- and large-scale research and evaluation methods and their potential for valid, reliable, efficient evaluation of educational outcomes as well as project outcomes.  Needs assessment, capacity assessment, project evaluations (mid-term and final), performance appraisals and impact evaluations done for a range of agencies and organizations are analyzed for diverse educational programs (including formal and non-formal education) in low-income country contexts.

ITSF 4060 Latinos in urban schools

Students will be introduced to theories and research explaining why Latinos in the United States are least likely of all major social groups to be enrolled in school and, as adults, are most likely to lack a high school diploma.  The course will explore the racial/ethnic differences that exist between and within recent immigrant groups, drawing especially on research that shows the diversity of cultural backgrounds within Latino subgroups.  Topics will include assimilation of new immigrants, educational achievement and persistence in school, language and schooling, the interplay of race and gender and class with educational attainment, and transnational communities.

ITSF 4090 Issues and institutions in international educational development

This course explores theoretical approaches to the study of education in international development and uses these approaches to consider current topics and debates in the fields of international and comparative education. This course also introduces students to institutions involved with educational development in diverse global settings, such as the United Nations and the World Bank. This course is also offered at the doctoral level (ITSF 6581).

ITSF 4091 Comparative education

Introduction to theories in comparative education, cross-national comparative analysis, educational indicator research, educational transfer and borrowing, and the relation between culture and education. This course is also offered at the doctoral level (ITSF 6580).

ITSF 4092 Qualitative research and evaluation in international education

The study of qualitative methodologies appropriate to various kinds of educational programs, issues, and problems in diverse research settings.

ITSF 4093 International educational development: Curriculum and pedagogy

This course explores the problems, issues, and approaches in the development of curricula, preparation of instructional materials, and training of educators internationally.

ITSF 4094 Educational planning in international educational development

The course explores educational planning and policy analysis in developing countries. A special focus is placed on aid effectiveness, aid modalities, and the aid architecture in countries where educational reforms are sometimes funded by multilateral organizations, development banks, and non-governmental organizations. Critical issues, such as global benchmarking, target setting, and monitoring by the World Bank, OECD, and other international organizations are examined.  Students learn about current debates and controversies in international educational development and reflect on the impact of externally funded projects on educational planning and reform in developing countries.

ITSF 4096 Strategic planning and organizational change in international and national educational settings

The seminar uses theories and methods of social network analysis for examining regional and global policy networks. Besides reading and discussing sociological texts and policy studies literature, we will conduct collaborative empirical analyses of policy networks and policy entrepreneurs. Willingness to conduct empirical research (content and reference analyses) is a condition for participating in this seminar.

ITSF 4098 Educational Development and Policies in China

Historical and national development contexts of educational development in China. Key policy issues in education by level and across levels.

ITSF 4101 Quantitative Analysis in Comparative and International Education

This course serves as an introduction to quantitative analysis as applied to the field of Comparative International Education.  The course covers fundamental concepts of quantitative analysis, inferential statistics, and introduces the assumptions and mechanics of the classical normal linear regression model.

ITSF 4160 Human rights education in Africa: Politics, policies, and pedagogies

Students examine the historical conditions that give rise to human rights violations and the efforts to protect rights through policy and education. They explore different approaches to human rights education, apply them to case studies of specific African countries, and develop human rights education curricula.

ITSF 4190 Communicative practices: intercultural perspectives

A topical course exploring language as situated social practice and focusing on communication within and across national boundaries. Domains examined include schooling, work, community, and the public arena. Both spoken and written modes are considered.

ITSF 4195 Academic literacies

This course is designed to help students develop the professional knowledge and skills necessary for effective communication through such genres as research projects, conference presentations, contributions to journals, grant proposals, and evaluation reports.

ITSF 4603 Human and social dimensions of peace

This course focuses on issues of human rights, global ethics, and various aspects of structural and cultural violence. Students are introduced to examples of nonviolent social movements and reflect on the process of peaceful transformation. Another course in human rights may be substituted for the concentration in peace education.

ITSF 4613 International perspectives on peace and human rights education

This course provides a grounding in the theory, pedagogy, and practice of peace and human rights education. It draws from the international literature of the field as it has been developed over the past three decades, and reviews teaching practices relevant to various cultures and learning settings.

ITSF 4614 International Organizations, Civil Society and Peace Education

This course reviews and assesses the work of the world organization and how it facilitates the learning necessary to an integrated global society. The area of emphasis and problem of focus vary from semester to semester. Not offered every year.

ITSF 4900 Research independent study anthropology and education

Advanced students may register for intensive individual study of some aspect of their concentration. Registration is only by permission of the instructor under whose guidance the work will be undertaken. Times for individual conferences will be arranged. Enrollment may be for 1 or more points each term, and registration is not limited to one or two terms.

ITSF 4902 Research Independent Study:International Transcultural

Research Independent Study:International Transcultural

ITSF 5000 Introductory methods of ethnography and participant observation

This course examines the methods of the social sciences as they relate to ethnography and participant observation. The course emphasizes the role of theory, characteristics of various research techniques, and the importance of integrated research design. The course provides opportunities to practice ethnographic research techniques, including developing a research question, designing a study, interviewing, conducting observations, and analyzing data. There are no prerequisites.

ITSF 5001 Advanced methods of ethnography and participant observation: fieldwork, analysis, reporting

Permission required. ITSF 5000, 4902, or equivalent required. This course examines methods to anayze ethnographic and, more broadly, qualitative data. Students who enroll are expected to be writing a proposal or to have already completed a significant amount of data collection. The course considers the role of theory in ethnography, different analytical traditions and techniques, and how to write up ethnographic data.

ITSF 5003 Communication and culture

An advanced and critical introduction to major theories of culture, language, and expression as they have proven relevant to the study of education.  The focus is on interpersonal processes, the structuring of interaction, the organization of larger groupings (race, gender, etc.), and the personal and institutional consequences of all symbolic processes.

ITSF 5006 Comparative Policy Studies: Overview

The course is designed to help students to understand foundations and techniques of policy analysis underlying education sector strategies of low-income countries. Part 1 will review critical debates over the role of donors and aid recipients in development contexts and introduce students to tools and techniques for producing education sector strategies. Part 2 will provide an overview of theories of the policy process from an international comparative perspective and therefore also include theories of global education policy, “traveling reforms,” and transnational policy borrowing and lending. Part 3 will discuss trends in various sub-sectors that international agencies tend to frame as “best practices” and for which they provide technical assistance and external financial support.  

ITSF 5007 Race, class and schooling: Ethnographic approaches

This course examines the role of schooling in the formation of race and class structures across the Americas, including Latin America, the Caribbean, and the United States.

ITSF 5008 Gender, education, and international development

This seminar examines the field of international education development from the standpoint of feminist and gender studies.  We will read and discuss relevant studies in anthropology, economics, history, political science, and sociology, as well as interdisciplinary research in the fields of development studies and gender studies.  We will begin by considering the political and legal advances in women’s rights within the daily reality of people’s lives in developing countries through the multiple lenses of democratic theory, neoliberal policies, and multiculturalism.

ITSF 5012 Culture and society in the Caribbean

Detailed survey, utilizing contributions from theoretical approaches to anthropological research on post-colonial societies. Emphasis on socioeconomics, community studies, and sociopolitical analysis.

ITSF 5013 Psychological anthropology

The concepts, theories, and methods of psychological anthropology. Cross-cultural studies of learning processes. Emphasis on recent work in the field, prob lems of cross-cultural methodology, and the study of socialization.

ITSF 5015 Political anthropology: Labor, race, and belief

This course considers the theories and concepts used by anthropologists and other social scientists in the analysis of political behavior and institutions. It analyzes contemporary theories for the study of power and their use in ethnographies of education.

ITSF 5016 Anthropology and education

Introduction to the ethno- graphic investigation of educative institutions (villages, neighborhoods, families, peer groups, schools, etc.) and to the policy issues it addresses.

ITSF 5018 Drugs and Society

Utilizing theoretical and methodological perspectives from social and cultural anthropology, this course is designed to explore the contextual dimensions of illicit drug use as well as other drug-related issues. A comparative, cross-cultural approach will be utilized and case material drawn from traditional as well as modern settings.

ITSF 5020 Practicum in anthropological field techniques

For anthropologists and non-anthropologists contemplating independent, qualitative research, this course provides hands-on experience in basic techniques for generating, recording, and managing anthropological data in the field.

ITSF 5023 The family as educator

Permission required. Analysis of the family as educator and its interrelations with schools and other educational institutions. Emphasis on inquiry deriving from educational practice and behavioral science theory.

ITSF 5026 The family and television

Permission required. An analysis of the impact of television on the family's educative functions, with special attention to the process by which the family mediates television.

ITSF 5029 Education, Conflict, and Peace-Building

This course examines the politics of armed conflict and peace building and the role of education in promoting peace or exacerbating violence in conflict-affected and post-conflict contexts.  We will investigate several of the most pressing challenges facing the various stakeholders (external actors such as international organizations, bilateral donors, and NGOs; local actors, such as governments, civil societies, and nationalist/ideological state factions) and the influence of those stakeholders on education systems in times of war and emerging peace and on educational practices, policies, and curricula in conflict and post-conflict situations.

ITSF 5031 Education and Sustainable Development: Comparative and International Perspectives

This course critically examines ESD-related policies and practices within a variety of contexts and perspectives.  Beginning with an overview of the foundations of ESD, we will explore key issues in the field: (a) the development of ESD policy in different levels (e.g., supranational, national, and subnational); (b) the links bewteen ESD and other curricular movements (e.g., environmental education, human rights education and peace education); (c) drivers and barriers that shape ESD policy/practice (e.g., environmental NGOs); and, (d) ESD "best practices" and their impact on teaching and learning.

ITSF 5035 Social Analysis of International Large-Scale Assessments

The course provides students with an introduction to international large-scale assessment of student achievement (such as TIMSS, PIRLS, and PISA).  The first section of the course is dedicated to the history of international assessments and to conditions that facilitated their emergence and diffusion.  The second section is focused on the methodology behind global and regional projects.  The third section is focused on critical analysis of the ways in which scholars, media, and policy makers use data from international assessments.  Prerequisite:  ITSF 4090 (Issues and Institutions in International Educational Development) or ITSF 4091 (Comparative Education) or by permission of instructor.

ITSF 5037 Global Literacies

This course draws upon the sociology of language, sociolinguistics, applied linguistics, and the anthropology of literacy to consider current debates in the field as well as trends in language and literacy in international contexts, specifically in regards to evaluation, teacher training, and curriculum development.

ITSF 5040 Mixed Methods in International Comparative Education

The course is designed to develop students' ability to critically consume and produce research in their specialized field within International and Comparative Education or other programs in the department, college and university.  Students will be oriented to the epistemological and other assumptions and methodological practices of quantitative and qualitative methods including experimental, survey research, ethnographic, and historical approaches to disciplined inquiry. Students will be exposed to positivist, interpretive, and critical/feminist traditions or paradigms associated with these approaches as well as ethical dilemmas encountered in planning, conducting, reporting, and consuming research.

ITSF 5043 Critical Theories on Latin American and Latino Education

This course will explore emerging critical theories on Latin American and Latino Studies to advance new perspectives and knowledge in comparative education. Discussion will be framed within relevant theories, such as Critical Thinking (Pensamiento Crítico), Dependency Theory, Internal Colonialism, Liberation Theory, and Indigenous Ways of Knowing. Among the issues to be discussed are the rights of Indigenous peoples to education and the preservation of cultural and linguistic diversity of people in the developing world in parallel with the struggles of Latinos in the United States to improve their educational opportunity at the high school and postsecondary levels.

ITSF 5045 Globalization, Mobility & Education

Drawing on the anthropology of globalization and sociology of immigration, this course reviews major theories of immigrant incorporation and exclusion processes, examines case studies of im/migrants, refugees, and displaced persons and their adaptation process in countries in the North and South, and considers educational practices and policies that develop to address mobility in diverse contexts.

ITSF 5050 Language, Cultural Politics, and Education

Over recent decades, discourses of multiculturalism and multilingualism have become standard in the educational initiatives of nation-states, multinational corporations, and nongovernmental organizations. In much of the world, practitioners no longer ask whether they should educate for diversity but rather how they should carry out such efforts within many existing alternatives. This course covers historical moments in which different types of multicultural and multilingual education have arisen; social theories about social inequality, language, and education that help us understand them; and examples of educational initiatives that reinforce or change inequity. Students are encouraged to consider radical possibilities for educational change.

ITSF 5090 Migration and education

This course examines the relationship between education and demographic change in international educational development. It focuses on historical and cultural changes in the areas of fertility, migration, mortality, and sustainable development.

ITSF 5107 Comparative Policy Studies: Case Studies

This seminar examines issues related to teacher policy and explores topics such as teacher education curriculum, work conditions, salaries, promotion, management, gender, qualification of teachers in developed as well as developing countries including fragile states.  It is a course with a primarily international comparative orientation, that is, domestic US issues are not directly addressed.

ITSF 5120 Education in community settings: Museums

Permission required. A review and an analysis of educational issues and opportunities in various community settings. Special fee: $5.

ITSF 5430 Internship

Permission required. Supervised experiences in diverse settings designed to develop skills in research, development, planning, and evaluation.

ITSF 5500 Education across the Americas

In this seminar, students will be introduced to education and social issues in Latin America and the Caribbean since the consolidation of national systems of public education during the twentieth century.  Using theoretical perspectives drawn from development studies, globalization and comparative education, the course will include case studies of individual nations as well as issues embracing the region as a whole.  Topics will include social and political dimensions of education, ethnicity and academic achievement, women’s education and social change, teacher preparation, student movements and patterns of migration.  Moreover, the effects of projects financed by international organizations will be evaluated in terms of improved access, teacher training and intercultural understanding within the education systems of Latin America and the Caribbean.

ITSF 5580 Postcolonial studies of education

Prerequisites or corequisites: ITSF 4090 and ITSF 4091. This course explores the impact of missionary, colonial education, and neo-colonial education on school reform both in dependent countries and in former colonial countries.

ITSF 5590 Education and the development of nations

Prerequisites: ITSF 4090/6580 or ITSF 4091/6581. This seminar explores the politics of education in international and transcultural contexts. Course topics include educational equity and quality as well as the role of international donors in transplanting particular "best practice" or reform packages from one national context to another.

ITSF 5610 First-year colloquium in applied anthropology

Permission required. This is a year-long critical review of important works in anthropology and education and applied anthropology. During the spring semester, students present proposals for their summer fieldwork before the members of both programs. Required of, and open only to, first-year doctoral students. Meets concurrently with ITSF 5611 during the spring semester.

ITSF 5611 Second-year colloquium in anthropological method

Permission required. This is a year-long review of the methods of field research and data analysis in anthropology, with special reference to educational systems and processes. Network analysis, systematic observation, quantification procedures, participant observation, ethnographic interview, use of film and videotape, cross-cultural survey techniques, and testing and experimental design. During the spring semester, students report on their completed summer fieldwork before the members of both programs. Required of, and open only to, second-year doctoral students. Meets concurrently with ITSF 5610 during the spring semester.

ITSF 6200 Field research outside the United States

Permission required. Required of doctoral students when choice of doctoral research necessitates data generation in other countries. One year of field experience under supervision in approved geographical and institutional site. Students secure approval of department chair and principal advisor in advance and render periodic reports.

ITSF 6510 Education and cultural production

Seminar reviewing theoretical developments in culture theory as it focuses on education as the foundation of cultural production.

ITSF 6520 Seminar in families and communities as educators

Permission required. A research seminar in the family and the community as educational systems.

ITSF 6580 Advanced seminar in international education I

This course will focus on the history, methods and theories in the field of international and comparative education.

ITSF 6581 Advanced seminar in international education II

This course will focus on issues, institutions, and applications in the practice of international and comparative education.

ITSF 6590 Doctoral seminar in international and transcultural studies

Permission required. Presentation of research in progress and examination of professional roles.

ITSF 6900 Research independent study anthropology and education

Advanced students may register for intensive individual study of some aspect of their concentration. Registration is only by permission of the instructor under whose guidance the work will be undertaken. Times for individual conferences will be arranged. Enrollment may be for 1 or more points each term, and registration is not limited to one or two terms.

ITSF 6902 Studies in international and transcultural studies

ITSF 6910 Studies in anthropology and education

Advanced students may register for intensive individual study of some aspect of their concentration. Registration is only by permission of the instructor under whose guidance the work will be undertaken. Times for individual conferences will be arranged. Enrollment may be for 1 or more points each term, and registration is not limited to one or two terms.

ITSF 6911 Workgroup in psychological anthropology

This workgroup meets every other week to discuss current issues in psychological anthropology. It also discusses and reviews current research and proposals for research of workgroup members, including faculty, alumni, and doctoral students concentrating in psychological anthropology.

ITSF 6990 Studies in international educational development

In each of the areas within the department, advanced students may register for intensive individual study of some aspect of their specialization. Registration is only by permission of the instructor under whose guidance the work will be undertaken. Times for individual conferences will be arranged. Enrollment may be for 1 or more points each term, and registration is not limited to one or two terms.

ITSF 6991 Studies in comparative education

In each of the areas within the department, advanced students may register for intensive individual study of some aspect of their specialization. Registration is only by permission of the instructor under whose guidance the work will be undertaken. Times for individual conferences will be arranged. Enrollment may be for 1 or more points each term, and registration is not limited to one or two terms.

ITSF 7500 Dissertation seminar in international and transcultural studies

Permission required. Proposal writing. Required of doctoral students in the semester following successful completion of certification examinations.

ITSF 8900 Dissertation advisement in international and transcultural studies

Individual advisement on doctoral dissertations. Fee to equal 3 points at current tuition rate for each term. For requirements, see section in catalog on Continuous Registration for Ed.D./Ph.D. degrees.

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