Master of Arts - Academic Track

This Master of Arts in Bilingual/Bicultural Education is for you if you are interested in the role of bilingualism and biculturalism in or outside of schools, but who are not interested in teacher certification, and if you fit into any of the following categories:

  • I am not interested in teacher certification.
  • I am an international student who will go back to my country, and my country does not accept US certification.
  • I am interested in policy aspects of bilingual education.
  • I am interested in doing research on bilingual education.
  • I am interested in teaching in bilingual settings other than schools.
A group of students converse in a study group at Teachers College.

Admissions Information

Master of Arts

  • Points/Credits: 33
  • Entry Terms: Fall Only


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  • Non-Certification Track

Application Deadlines

  • Spring: N/A
  • Summer/Fall (Priority): January 15
  • Summer/Fall (Final): April 15

Supplemental Application Requirements/Comments

  • Supplemental application required (included in online application)

Additional Notes

Major Codes - Be sure to put the correct one on your application.

The major code for Master of Arts - Academic Track is MA-BILG.

Fluency in English and a Language Other than English (LOTE) are required for the Program in Bilingual/Bicultural Education, as well as for the courses of study leading to NY State certification in Bilingual Education.

Students whose first language is English must provide proof of proficiency in a LOTE. During the admissions process, some students may be selected for further language testing by the Program in Bilingual/Bicultural Education. This testing is free to applicants, and is meant to verify written and oral language skills. Students must also submit a supplemental essay in their LOTE.

International students must submit TOEFL scores UNLESS they have received an Undergraduate degree (not Masters or Doctoral) from a school at which English is the primary language of instruction. The minimum TOEFL exam score required by Teachers College is 100 on the internet-based exam (IBT). Applicants may obtain further information on TOEFL at or from their local overseas educational advising center. IELTS scores may be accepted in lieu of the TOEFL. The minimum IELTS overall band score is 7.0. Score reports must be officially submitted by the testing center. Current and former TC students do not need to submit new scores unless requested by the program to do so.

For information on the interpretation of TOEFL scores, please go to the ETS website.
For information on the interpretation of IELTS scores, please go to the IELTS website.

Students seeking New York State Teacher Certification must also satisfy the Liberal Arts & Sciences Certification Requirements - this consists of undergraduate coursework in four basic content areas. Your undergraduate transcript will be evaluated during the admissions process, and you will be notified if you are deficient in one or more areas. For more information, see the Liberal Arts & Sciences Requirement page under Resources on the BBE website.

Course Requirements

Additional Notes:

  • Required courses may not be substituted. Electives are taken to complete 33 points.
  • Breadth Requirement: The breadth requirement consists of 3 courses at a minimum of 2 points each (a minimum of 6 points total); these courses must be taken outside of the BBE Program and within TC.
  • A&HB 4150 should be taken in your final Fall semester before you plan to graduate. The Integrative Project is based on an inquiry that starts in this course.
  • If you already have your own classroom, take the Practicum for 3 credits. If you need a classroom placement, you must take the Practicum for 4 credits.

Required Courses

Fall I

  • A&HB 4021 Foundations of Bilingual/Bicultural Education (3 points)
  • A&HB 4801-04 Language Workshops in Bilingual Education  (1 point)

Spring I

  • A&HB 4024 Linguistic Foundations of Bilingual/Bicultural Education (3 points)
  • A&HB 4075 Cross-Cultural Communication and Classroom Ecology (3 points)

Fall II

  • A&HB 4150 Teacher Inquiry: Bilingual Education (1-3 points)
  • A&HB 4323 Practicum in Bilingual Institutions (3-4 points)

Policy elective courses (recommended)

  • A&HB 4199 Current topics in bilingualism & bilingual education (3 points)
  • A&HB 5024 Bilingual/multilingual ed: International perspectives (3 points)
  • C&T    4032 Gender, difference and curriculum (2 points)
  • EDPP  5042 Urban politics and education (3 points)
  • EDPP  5045 Race, ethnicity and U.S. educational policy (3 points)
  • EDPS  4000 Education and public policy (3 points)
  • ITSF    4025 Languages, Societies and Schools (3 points)
  • ITSF    4013 Literacy & Development (2-3 points)
  • ITSF    4199 Issues in Anthropology & Education (3 points)
  • ITSF    5199 Issues & Topics in International Education (3 points)
  • MSTU  4005 Equity, ethical and social issues in educational technology (3 points)

Research elective courses (recommended)

  • A&HL 4003 School of linguistic analysis (3 points)
  • A&HL 4104 Discourse analysis (3 points)
  • A&HL 4106 Text and textuality (3 points)
  • A&HB 4140 Latina Narratives (2-3 points)
  • A&HL 5008 Interlanguage analysis (3 points)
  • EDPS 5020 Survey research methods (3 points)
  • EDPS 5022 Sociology of educational systems (3 points)
  • HBSK 5085 Observing and assessing preschool children (3 points)
  • HUDM 4050 Introduction to measurement (3 points)
  • HUDM 4122 Probability and statistical inference (3 points)
  • HUDM 5122 Applied regression analysis (3 points)
  • HUDM 5123 Linear models and experimental design (3 points)
  • ITSF    4015 Introduction to computers, language, and literacy (3 points)
  • ITSF    4060 Latinos in urban schools (3 points)
  • ITSF    5000 Methods of inquiry: ethnography & participant observation (3 points)
  • ITSF    5016 Ethnography of education (3 points)
  • ITSF    5519 Research in language and literacy I (3 points)
  • ITSF    5520 Research in language and literacy II (3 points)

Teaching elective courses (recommended)

  • A&HB 4020 Foundations of Bilingual Special Education (3 points)
  • A&HB 4028 Teaching Literacy in Bilingual Settings (3 points)
  • A&HB 4029 Latino Children's Literatures & Literacies (3 points)
  • A&HB 4121 Bilingual/bicultural curriculum design (3 points)
  • A&HB 4133 Curriculum & Methods for Bilingual Ed: Science (1-3 points)
  • A&HB 4134 Curriculum & Methods for Bilingual Ed: Math (1-3 points)
  • A&HB 5123 Guidance techniques for bil/bic child & family (3 points)
  • A&HL 4076 TESOL Methodologies for K-6 (3 points)
  • C&T    4052 Designing curriculum and instruction (2 points)
  • ORLD 4051 How adults learn (3 points)

Master of Arts

All courses of study require three core foundational courses and a bilingual inquiry course. M.A. programs require an integrative project. The teaching strands with Bilingual/Bicultural Studies and the courses of study programs leading to NY State certification require a practicum or student teaching experience. Students are strongly urged to consult with an academic advisor on all degree requirements.

Foundation and Inquiry Courses:

  • A&HB 4021 Foundations of Bilingual/Bicultural Education (3)
  • A&HB 4024 Linguistic Foundations of Bilingual/Bicultural Education (3)
  • A&HB 4075 Cross-cultural Communication and Classroom Ecology (3)
  • A&HB 4150 Teacher/Educational Inquiry: Bilingual/Bicultural Education (1-3)

Each student will choose courses with advisor assistance. The following shows a sample of recommended courses for potential concentrations.

MA in Bilingual/Bicultural Education (Academic track, not leading to certification)

Concentration on Research - Choose among the following courses:                   

  • ITSF 4060 Latinos in Urban Schools           
  • ITSF 5016 Ethnography of Education 
  • A&HB 4140 Latina Women Narratives          
  • A&HL 4003 Schools of Linguistic Analysis
  • A&HL 4104 Discourse Analysis
  • EDPS 5020 Methods of Social Research
  • EDPS 5022 Sociological Analysis of Educational Systems
  • C&T 5000 Theory and Inquiry in Curriculum and Teaching
  • HBSK 5085 Observing and assessing preschool children

Concentration on Policy - Choose among the following courses:

  • ITSF 4025 Languages, Society, and Schools            
  • A&HB 5024 Bilingual/Multilingual Education: International Perspectives            
  • A&HB 4199 Topics in Bilingualism and Bilingual/Bicultural Education
  • EDPS 4000 Education and Public Policy
  • EDPP 5042 Urban Politics and Education
  • EDPP 5045 Race, Ethnicity, and U.S. Educational Policy
  • Policy courses in Curriculum and Teaching

MA in Bilingual/Bicultural Education (leading to NYS Teacher Certification)

Concentration on Teaching - Choose among courses that are required for programs leading to certification.

Courses of study leading to certification require the following:

  • A&HB 4020 Bilingualism and Disabilities (1)
  • A&HB 4028 Teaching Literacy in Bilingual Settings (3)
  • A&HB 4121 Bilingual/Bicultural Curriculum Design in Elementary and Middle schools (3)
  • A&HB 4133 Curriculum and Methods for Bilingual Teachers: Science (2-3)
  • A&HB 4134 Curriculum and Methods for Bilingual Teachers: Mathematics (2-3)
  • A&HL 4076 TESOL Methodologies for PK-6 (3)

The Master of Arts - Dual program leading to Initial Certification in Childhood Education and the Bilingual Extension Certification has two options:

Stream A (for students with less than 1 year of full-time teaching experience as a head teacher) requires one full year of student teaching with the accompanying courses (a total of 17 additional credits), for a minimum of 40 credits for the degree.

Stream B (for students with at least 1 year of full-time teaching experience as a head teacher) requires a half-year of student teaching (7 credits) for a minimum of 33 credits for the degree.

The Master of Arts - Transitional B program requires a practicum course in conjunction with full-time teaching, or a student teaching experience if the student does not have his/her own classroom, for a minimum of 33 credits for the degree.

The Master of Arts - Bilingual Extension leads to the Bilingual Extension Certification, requires a half-year of student teaching or a practicum (depending on whether the student has his/her own classroom), for a minimum of 33 credits for the degree.


Students who are not pursuing an M.A. in Bilingual/Bicultural Education and who either hold teacher certification in another area or are simultaneously pursuing teacher certification in another area can choose the 15-16 credit Advanced Certificate. The course of study includes the foundation courses and at least 3 points from any of the following courses:

  • A&HB 4121 Bilingual/Bicultural Curriculum Design in Elementary and Middle Schools
  • A&HB 4133 Curriculum and Methods for Bilingual Teachers: Science
  • A&HB 4134 Curriculum and Methods for Bilingual Teachers: Mathematics
  • A&HB 4028 Teaching Literacy in Bilingual Settings
  • A&HB 4323/4720 Practicum/Student Teaching in Bilingual/Bicultural Education

New York State Education Department (NYSED) has teacher certification requirements that are needed for program completion and graduation which are listed in the Office of Teacher Education section of the catalog.

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