Waring, Hansun Z. (hz30)

Hansun Zhang Waring

Professor of Applied Linguistics and TESOL

Office Location:

316C Zankel

Office Hours:

Tuesday 10:45am-12:15pm and 2:00pm-2:30pm; Wednesday 4:00-5:00pm

Educational Background

B.A. in English Literature, Beijing University;
M.A. in TESOL, University of Central Missouri;
Ed.M., Ed.D. in Applied Linguistics, Teachers College, Columbia University.  

Scholarly Interests

Language and social interaction:

  • Conversation analysis
  • Classroom discourse
  • Advice giving and receiving
  • Parent-child interaction
  • Communicating with the public


Language and Social Interaction Working Group (LANSI)

LANSI was established in Fall 2010 to bring together students and scholars in the larger metropolitan area of New York working on naturally-occurring social interaction. As a relatively new venture sponsored by The TESOL and Applied Linguistics Program here at Teachers College, Columbia University, LANSI pursues two goals:

(1) create a space for analytical workouts: for the past four years, we have been hosting monthly data sessions, where students and professors work side by side as colleagues towards the common goal of becoming better analysts (If you’re interested in joining us, check our website at www.tc.edu/lansi for schedules and locations); 

(2) provide a forum for and promote dialogs among analysts who work within the various areas of language and social interaction. Through LANSI, we hope to engage in substantive conversations that would enrich our understandings--not only of our common interest, but also of each other.

Selected Publications

  • Waring, H. Z. (2022). Participating in storytelling at ages 3 and 8. In A. Filipi, B. T. Ta, & M.
    Theobald (Eds.), Storytelling in the home and in educational contexts (pp. 47-72). Springer.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2022). Stand-alone noticing as a resource for constructing the reflectable: The work of cultivating professional vision. Second Language Teacher Education, 1(1), 25-45.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2021). Conversation analysis. In K. Hyland, B. Paltridge & L. Wong (Eds.), The Bloomsbury companion to discourse analysis (2nd edition) (pp. 21-33). Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Wong, J., & Waring, H. Z. (Eds.) (2021). Story-telling in multilingual settings: A conversation analytic perspective. New York: Routledge.
  • Waring, H. Z., & Creider, S. C. (2021). Micro-reflection on classroom communication: A FAB Framework. Sheffield, UK: Equinox.
  • Waring, H. Z., & Reddington, E. (Eds.) (2020). Communicating with the public: Conversation analytic studies. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Wong, J., & Waring, H. Z. (2020). Conversation analysis and second language pedagogy: A guide for ESL/EFL teachers (2nd edition). New York: Routledge.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2020). Conditional granting: Parent-child interaction at mealtimes. Journal of Pragmatics, 167, 116-130.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2019). Voicing as a child resource for becoming “an inch taller.” Semiotica, 231, 147-169.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2019). The what and how of English language teaching: Conversation analytic perspectives. In X. Gao (Ed.), Second handbook of English language teaching (pp. 1053-1070). New York: Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58542-0_54-1
  • Waring, H. Z., & Carpenter, L. (2019). Gaze shifts as a resource for managing attention and participation. In J. K. Hall & S. Looney (Eds.), The embodied work of teaching (pp. 122-141). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. [with TC doctoral student]
  • Waring, H. Z. (2019). Developing interactional competence with limited linguistic resources. In M. R. Salaberry & S. Kunitz (Eds.), Teaching and testing L2 interactional competence: bridging theory and practice (pp. 215-227). New York: Routledge.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2019). Problematizing information-seeking wh-questions. Language and Communication64, 81-90.
  • Waring, H. Z., Reddington, E., Yu, D., & Clemente, I. (2018). Going general: Responding to yes-no questions in informational webinars for prospective grant applicants. Discourse & Communication, 12(3), 307-327. [with TC doctoral students]
  • Waring, H. Z., & Song, G. (2018). Advice in education. In E. MacGeorge & L. Van Swol  (Eds.) The Oxford handbook of advice (pp. 217-236). Oxford: Oxford University Press. [with TC doctoral student]
  • Waring, H. Z. (2018). Teaching L2 interactional competence: Problems and possibilities. Classroom Discourse, 9(1), 57-67.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2018). Discourse analysis: The questions discourse analysts ask and how they answer them. New York: Routledge.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2017). Conversation. In A. Barron, Y. Gu, & G. Steen (Eds.), Handbook of pragmatics (pp. 357-370). London: Routledge.
  • Waring, H.Z. (2017). Conversation analytic approaches to language education. In K. King & Y-J Lai (Eds.), Research methods. Encyclopedia of language education (3rd edition), Vol. 10 (pp.463-474). New York: Springer.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2017). Going general as a resource for doing advising in mentor-teacher conversations. Journal of Pragmatics, 110, 20-33.
  • Waring, H. Z., & Yu, D. (2017). Crying as a resource for renegotiating a "done deal" in parent-child interaction. Research on Children and Social Interaction, 1(2), 116-140.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2016). Theorizing pedagogical interaction: Insights from conversation analysis. New York: Routledge. [See book talk here.]
  • Waring, H. Z., Reddington, E., & Tadic, N. (2016). Responding artfully to student-initiated departures in the adult ESL classroom. Lingustics and Education33, 28-39.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2015). Promoting self-discovery in the language classroom. International Review of Applied Linguistics (IRAL), 53(1), 61-85
  • Reddington, E., & Waring, H. Z. (2015). Understanding the sequential resources of doing humor in the language classroom. Humor: International Journal of Humor Research, 28(1), 1-23.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2014). Managing control and connection in the language classroom. Research in the Teaching of English, 49(1), 52-74.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2014). Mentor invitation for reflection in post-observation conferences. Applied Linguistics Review, 5(1), 99-123.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2014). Turn allocation and context: Broadening participation in the second language classroom. In J. Flowerdew (Ed.), Discourse in context: Contemporary applied linguistics Volume 3 (pp. 301-320). London: Bloomsbury Publishing.
  • Waring, H. Z., Creider, C. C., & Box, C. D. (2013). Explaining vocabulary in the second language classroom: A conversation analytic account. Learning, Culture, and Social Interaction, 2, 249-264.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2013). Managing the competing voices in the language classroom. Discourse Processes, 50(5), 316-338.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2013). Managing Stacy: A case study of turn-taking in the language classroom. System, 41(3), 841-851.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2013). "How was your weekend?": Developing the interactional competence in managing routine inquiries. Language Awareness, 22(1), 1-16.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2013). Doing being playful in the language classroom. Applied Linguistics, 34, 191-210.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2013). Two mentor practices that generate teacher reflection without explicit solicitations. RELC Journal: A Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 44(1), 103-119.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2012). Yes-no questions that convey a critical stance in the language classroom. Language and Education, 26(5), 451-469
  • Waring, H. Z. (2012). "Any questions?": Investigating understanding-checks in the language classroom. TESOL Quarterly, 46(4), 722-752.
  • Waring, H. Z., Creider, S., Tarpey, T., & Black, R. (2012). Understanding the specificity of CA and context. Discourse Studies, 14(4), 477-492.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2012). The advising sequence and its preference structures in graduate peer tutoring in an American university. In H. Limberg & M. A. Locher (Eds.), Advice in discourse (pp. 97-118). Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2012). Doing disaffiliation with now-prefaced utterances. Language and Communication, 32, 265-275.
  • Waring, H. Z., & Hruska, B. (2012). Problematic directives in pedagogical interaction. Linguistics and Education, 23, 289-300.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2011). Learner initiatives and learning opportunities. Classroom Discourse, 2(2), 201-218.
  • Waring, H. Z., & Hruska, B. (2011). Getting and keeping Nora on board: A novice elementary ESOL student teacher's practices for lesson engagement. Linguistics and Education, 22, 441-455.
  • Wong, J. & Waring, H. Z. (2010). Conversation analysis and second language pedagogy: A guide for ESL/EFL teachers. New York: Routledge. [See webcast about the book here.]
  • Waring, H. Z. (2009). Moving out of IRF: A single case analysis. Language Learning, 59(4), 796-824.
  • Wong, J., & Waring, H. Z. (2009). "Very good" as a teacher response. ELT Journal, 63(3), 195-203.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2008). Using explicit positive assessment in the language classroom: IRF, feedback, and learning opportunities. The Modern Language Journal, 92(4), 577-594.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2007b). The multi-functionality of accounts in advice giving. Journal of Sociolinguistics,11(3), 367-369.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2007a). Complex advice acceptance as a resource for managing asymmetries. Text and Talk, 27(1), 107-137.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2005). Peer tutoring in a graduate writing center: Identity, expertise and advice resisting. Applied Linguistics, 26, 141-168. 
  • Waring, H. Z. (2003). "Also" as a discourse marker: Its use in disjunctive and disaffiliative environments. Discourse Studies, 5(3), 415-436.  
  • Waring, H. Z. (2002b). Expressing noncomprehension in seminar discussion. Journal of Pragmatics, 34 (12), 1711-1731.
  • Waring, H. Z. (2002a). Displaying substantive recipiency in seminar discussion. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 35(4), 453-479.

Lauren Carpenter is a doctoral candidate in applied linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. She has over 13 years of experience teaching in various TESOL contexts. A former New York City teaching fellow, Lauren has taught English as a New Language to children of all ages in public schools. She has also has taught English as a Foreign language to adult professionals in Ecuador as well as English as a Second Language for the Community Language Program at Teachers College, Columbia University. In addition, Lauren has supervised and mentored ESL teachers at both Teachers College and Hunter College. As a doctoral candidate and researcher, her research interest involves exploring the “how” of classroom teaching and learning, examining interactional and embodied practices by use of conversation analysis. Her work has appeared in Working Papers in Applied Linguistics & TESOL and in Multilingual Matters (forthcoming) and she has presented research at national conferences such as American Association for Applied Linguistics and Georgetown University Round Table. She is a recipient of the Dean’s Grant for Student Research from Teachers College, Columbia University for her study entitled Developing Student Teacher Elicitations Over Time: A Conversation Analytic Intervention.

Kelly Frantz is a doctoral student in the Applied Linguistics program at Teachers College, Columbia University. She received her BA from Allegheny College and MA in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College.
As a former Fulbright English Teaching Assistant, she has taught English both in the US and abroad for a number of years. Now, as a doctoral student, her research interests are still developing; however, she is
specifically interested in using conversation analysis to study interaction in language classrooms and writing centers.

Alyson "Lal" Horan is a doctoral student in the Applied Linguistics Program at Teachers College, Columbia University. She received her BA from Columbia College Chicago and her MA in TESOL from Portland State University. In addition to various experiences teaching in the US, Alyson served two years with the Peace Corps, teaching English at a university in Southern China. Her research interests include discourse and conversation analysis, particularly in the study of American Sign Language and those who learn signed languages as a non-native language.  

Sean Hughes is a doctoral student in applied linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. He earned an Ed.M. in applied linguistics at Teachers College, an M.A.-TESOL from The New School, and a dual B.A. from the University of Oklahoma in anthropology and German literature. Sean served as a high school German teacher in Miami, Florida, and later as an ENL teaching fellow in the Bronx and Brooklyn. After leaving the US in 2007, Sean taught elementary and junior high in Japan, then university in South Korea, China, Oman, and Vietnam. He also served as an English Language Fellow and an English Language Specialist hosted by the U.S. Department of State in the ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) region for two years before returning to NYC to pursue his doctorate. Sean's research interests lie in conversation analysis, critical discourse analysis, discourse and identity, and multimodality of discourse. Currently, he is researching how gender and sexual identities are produced and maintained in interaction. 

Allie Hope King is a doctoral candidate in Applied Linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. She has an Ed.M. in Applied Linguistics from TC, an M.Ed. in Foreign Language Education and TESOL from the University of Pittsburgh, and a bachelor’s in Modern Languages from Carnegie Mellon University. Her research focuses on classroom discourse, specifically what co-teacher interaction looks like through a conversation analytic lens. Prior to returning to New York for her current academic endeavors, she taught ESL in a number of contexts and locations around the U.S. While at TC, she has taught several courses in the Community Language Program, and has been a mentor and instructor for the TESOL Certificate Program.

Mark Romig is a doctoral candidate in applied linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. Before moving to NYC, he received a BA in Anthropology from SUNY Geneseo. After that, he received an MA in Linguistics from CUNY Graduate Center and a second MA in TESOL from CUNY Hunter. He has been working with adult ESL students for a number of years as both a teacher and a language program administrator in academic contexts and community-based organizations. Additionally, he has supervised and mentored ESL teachers at CUNY Hunter and Teachers College. He is interested in classroom discourse, conversation analysis, teacher supervision, and learning material development. Currently, he is investigating how participation is managed in the classroom, specifically, how teachers hold students accountable for their own learning.

Di Yu is a doctoral candidate in Applied Linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. She received her M.A. in TESOL and Ed.M. in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College and is the is past president of LANSI. Her research interests include media discourse, political discourse, humor, and the use of multimodal resources in interaction. Di has presented her research at conferences such as IIEMCA, ICCA, AAAL, IPrA, and AILA. Her co-authored work has appeared in Research on Children and Social Interaction, Discourse & Communication, and Language Learning Journal. She served as the Web Editor and Book Review Editor for the journal Studies in Applied Linguistics and TESOL (SALT).

Nancy Boblett earned her Ed.D. in Applied Linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. She holds an M.A. in Hispanic Linguistics from the University of Minnesota and a second M.A. in TESL from the University of Illinois. She has taught ESL/EFL and Spanish for over 40 years in the U.S. and in Spain. Currently, she teaches Classroom Practices and the Practica at Teachers College. She also gives workshops and short courses on U.S. academic culture, intelligibility, and plagiarism to international students and post-docs at Columbia University. In her research, she examines how teachers form bonded groups and how they work with learners to go beyond simply getting correct responses. 

Catherine Box is a Lecturer in the Educational Linguistics Division at the University of Pennsylvania. She earned her M.A. and Ed.D. in Applied Linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. She holds a second M.A. in English from West Chester University, and an A.B. in English/French at Muhlenberg College, where she graduated Phi Beta Kappa and was awarded the Phi Sigma Iota Award for Excellence in Romance Languages, and the Paul C. Scherr Award for Outstanding Writing. She has taught English Literature, ESL, and French in the United States at both the K-12 and the postsecondary level; she has also taught English in Paris, France, at secondary and postsecondary levels. Presently a teacher trainer, her passion is to advocate for immigrants and immigrant education and improve teaching methods in content-based classrooms. Her research focuses on interaction and multimodality in educational settings, both traditional and informal, conducting her work within the conversation analytic paradigm. Formerly an executive board member of New York State TESOL, Catherine has presented research at AAAL, NYS TESOL, SETESOL, TESOL International, as well as conferences in France, Greece, and Switzerland. Her work, often in collaboration with other researchers from Teachers College, has appeared in Applied Linguistics Review, Language & Information Society, Learning & Individual Differences, and Language, Culture, & Social Interaction. 

Sarah Creider is a Lecturer in the Applied Linguistics & TESOL program at Teachers College, Columbia University. Her work, as a researcher, teacher, and activist, is focused on what she calls a “micro-revolution” — the possibilities for change inherent in each moment of everyday conversations. As a conversation analyst, Sarah works in two primary areas: teacher-student interaction; and community-based political conversations, particularly among mixed-race groups. Her work has been published in Linguistics & Education; the Journal of Contemporary Foreign Language Studies; Learning, Culture & Social Interaction; Discourse Studies; Language and Information Society; and the Journal of Applied Linguistics and Professional Practice. Her book (co-authored with Hansun Waring), Micro-reflection on Classroom Communication: A FAB framework, was published by Equinox in 2021. Sarah has a doctorate in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College, Columbia University.  

Drew Fagan, Ed.D. (Teachers College), is Associate Clinical Professor of Applied Linguistics and Language Education, Coordinator of the Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) Program, and Associate Director of the Multilingual Research Center at the University of Maryland, College Park. Drew’s research examines the influence of educators’ interactions on promoting (or hindering) opportunities for English learners’ language and content learning in diverse educational contexts. His current work prepares non-ESOL teachers, specialists, and administrators to address the language, content, cultural, and (if applicable) exceptional needs of English learners across the K-12 curriculum. He has authored numerous publications in language learning, applied linguistics, and education journals and edited books, and co-authored the Maryland TESOL Handbook for Educators of English Learners (2021) and A Guide to School for Families of English Learners (2020). He is currently an executive board member of the Maryland TESOL Association, having been the chair of the 2021 conference, and is a member of the Maryland State Department of Education’s Blueprint for Maryland’s Future: Workgroup on English Learners in Public Schools.

Carol Lo received her doctoral degree in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College, Columbia University and was the President of the Language and Social Interaction Working Group (LANSI) from 2019 to 2022. She has received Top Student Paper Award from the Language and Social Interaction Division of National Communication Association (NCA). Broadly, her research examines how language teachers and learners display, facilitate, and resolve issues of understanding. Her current line of work focuses on video-mediated family interaction. Her work has appeared in peer-reviewed journals (Classroom Discourse, WORD) and edited volumes (Communicating with the Public: Conversation Analytic Studies, Storytelling in Multilingual Interaction: A Conversation Analytic Perspective).

Elizabeth Reddington, a past president of LANSI, received her Ed.D. in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College. Her interests include applying conversation analysis in the study of professional practice. As an ESL/EFL instructor and teacher educator, she is particularly interested in examining classroom interaction to gain insight into relationships between teacher practices, student participation, and the creation of opportunities for language learning. Her work, often in collaboration with other LANSI members, has appeared in Classroom DiscourseDiscourse & CommunicationHUMOR: International Journal of Humor Research, Linguistics and Education, and Studies in Applied Linguistics & TESOL. She is the editor, with Hansun Waring, of Communicating with the Public: Conversation Analytic Studies (Bloomsbury).

Gahye Song is an Assistant Professor at Defense Language Institute. She received her doctoral degree in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College, Columbia University. Her research interests include conversation analysis, interactional linguistics, and spoken grammar of English and Korean. In particular, she is interested in describing grammar as they are used in everyday social interaction and incorporating the insights from this line of research into teaching of Korean and English as a second language. 

Nadja Tadic is an Assistant Teaching Professor in the Linguistics Department at Georgetown University. She received her doctorate in Applied Linguistics from Teachers College, Columbia University. Her research examines issues of diversity, discrimination, and social (in)justice through the lens of critically motivated conversation analysis and membership categorization analysis. She is particularly interested in identifying practices that can promote diversity, equity, and inclusion in institutional and ordinary interaction. Her work has been published in journals such as Language and Education, Linguistics and Education, and Studies in Applied Linguistics & TESOL.

Junko Takahashi earned her doctoral degree in Applied Linguistics at Teachers College, Columbia University. Her research interests lie in conversation analysis, interactional sociolinguistics, and intercultural communication, particularly pertaining to East Asian students' participation/self-selection patterns in the American classrooms. She has taught ESL, Japanese, and Intercultural Communication at New Jersey City University, Pace University, and Teachers College. Her research articles have appeared in Linguistics and EducationCommunication Education, and Working Papers of Applied Linguistics & TESOL. She is also an education columnist for Japanese newspapers, and a published author of an intercultural education book for Japanese families "Navigating Children’s Education in America” (2008), and a contributing writer of "Living in English-Speaking Countries" (2011) in Tokyo. Moving back to Japan in 2020, she is currently teaching English at Doshisha University in Kyoto.

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