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The Morton Deutsch International Center for Cooperation and Conflict Resolution (MD-ICCCR) is an innovative center committed to developing knowledge and practice to promote constructive conflict resolution, effective cooperation, and social justice. Read more...

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Dissertation titles from 2011-2021

Dissertations defended at Teachers College are available through the Gottesman Library. Below is a list of dissertations completed and defended by students of the Program in Social-Organizational Psychology.



  • Examining the Influence of Gender Presentation, Sexual Orientation, and Job Type on Modern-Day Hiring Discrimination Against Gay Men Through Descriptive and Prescriptive Stereotype Moderated Mediation Models.  By Joe Dillard (2021). 
  • Inclusive Leadership Questionnaire: The Design and Validation of a Theory-based Instrument.  By Aitong Li (2021).  
  • The Dual Impact of Stereotype Threat and Power on Negotiation Behavior and Affect.  By Asha Gipson (2021). 
  • Inclusive Leadership: Exploration of Individual and Situational Antecedents
    By David Mendelsohn (2021).


  • Well Begun is Half Done: The Impact of Initial Leader Framing of Diversity on Cross-Functional Team Member Perceptions. By Antony Hacking (2020). 
  • A [K]ink in the Armor: How the Intersection of Gender and Racial Prototypicality Affect Perceptions of Black Women Aspiring to be Managers. By Tarani Merriweather (2020). 
  • Still, She Rises: A Multidimensional Approach to the Development of the Response Inventory to Stereotype Threatening Environments Questionnaire (RISE-Q). By Mateo Cruz (2020)
  • The Development and Validation of the Workplace Racial Microaggression Scale for Asians and Asian Americans. By Duoc Nguyen (2020)
  • Impact of Gendered Topics in Letters of Recommendation on Perceived Importance for Making a Hiring Decision in Geosciences. By Joshua Elmore (2020)


  • Emotion and Warmth Modulation in Women Leaders: A Qualitative Exploratory Study. By Danielle Pfaff (2019)
  • Race Matters in Coaching: An Examination of Coaches' Willingness to Have Difficult Conversations with Leaders of Color. By Ariel Bernstein (2019)
  • The Role of Self-Affirmation and Self-Construal Levels in Attenuating the Gender Performance Gap. By Jennifer Kim (2019)
  • Conceptualizing and Testing the Model of Ambidextrous Leadership: Evidence from a Multi-method Research Study. By DaHee Shon (2019)


  • Professional and Petty: An Investigation Into the Social and Individual Conditions That Promote Instigated Acts of Workplace Incivility Between Black Professionals. By DeMarcus Pegues (2018)
  • Learning Agility in Context: Engineers' Perceptions of Psychologically Safe Climate on Performance. By Lauren Catenacci-Francois (2018)
  • Coaching for Learning Agility: The Importance of Leader Behavior, Learning Goal Orientation, and Psychological Safety. By Ginevra Olver Drinka (2018)


  • Nonnative Accents and Conflict Management: The Mediating Roles of Stereotype Threat, Regulatory Focus, and Conflict Behaviors on Conflict Outcomes. By Regina Kim (2017)
  • Exploring the Relationship Between Personality and Performance: Does Personality Predict Performance for Female Leaders? By Naomi Stutzman (2017)
  • Does Gender Matter in the Evaluation of Successful Physicians? Examining How Evaluators Use Stereotype-Based Attributions in Determining Outcomes at Work. By Dyan Ferraris-Baron (2017)


  • Predictably Flexible Leadership: Exploring the effect of Leader Behavioral Breadth, Variability and Authenticity on Follower Perceptions of Leader Trustworthiness and Effectiveness. By Adam Mitchinson (2016)
  • Change Leader Behavioral Inventory: Development and Validation of an Assessment Instrument. By Rebecca Stilwell (2016)
  • Leadership Complexity While Navigating a Complex Conflict: Linking Individual Attributes with Dynamic Decision-Making Processes. By Nicholas Redding (2016)


  • Falling Out of Love with American Utopia: An Insight into Return Migration Intentions of Highly Skilled Asian Indian Immigrants in the United States. By Nishita Rai (2015)
  • The Perceived Authenticity of Fairness at Work. By Kathryn Roloff (2015)
  • Alienation@work: Creativity and Commerce in Late Capitalism. By Natahn Gerard (2015)
  • To Thine Own Self be True? The Influence of Gender Stereotypes on Perceptions of Authentic Leaders. By Rachel Fudman (2015)
  • How Does Learning Agile Business Leadership Differ? Exploring a Revised Model of the Construct of Learning Agility in Relation to Executive Performance. By Bradford Smith (2015)


  • Leadership behavioral complexity as an antecedent to scaling social impact and financial performance. By Apivat Hanvongse (2014)
  • Employee Perceptions of Managers Who Express Anger: Could a High Quality Relationship Buffer Women from Backlash?. By Avina Gupta (2014)


  • Variant Conflict Management: Conceptualizing and Investigating Team Conflict Management as a Configural Construct. By Yunzi Tan (2013)
  • From the Mouths of Men: A Model of Men's Perception of Social Identity Threat Toward Women in the Workplace and Endorsement of Identity Safety Behaviors. By Mekayla Castro (2013)
  • Whistling in the Wind: Examining the Effects of Sexual Orientation Relational Demography on Individual Perceptions of Workgroup Process and Withdrawal. By Frank Golom (2013)


  • The mediating role of family-work conflict on the relationship between family and work domain variables and employment trade-offs. By Benjamin Liberman (2012)
  • Examining the Influence of Goal Attainment Scaling on Changes in Goal Attainment in a Coaching Versus Non-Coaching Context. By Yaron Prywes (2012)
  • An Examination of Social Persuasion's Influence on Generalized Leader Efficacy. By Bernard Banks (2012)


  • Examining the Perceived Internal and External Effectiveness of NGOs in the Palestinian Territories: The Role of Complexity, Resilience, and Job Adaptability. By Naira Musallam (2011)
  • Use of teams to accomplish radical organization change: Examining the influence of team cognitive style and leader emotional intelligence. By Alive Cahill (2011)
  • Managing Uncertainty During Organization Design Decision-Making Processes: The Moderating Effects of Different Types of Uncertainty. By Alice Mann (2011)
  • Can Chameleons Lead Change? The Effect of Resistance to Change on High Self-Monitoring Leaders' Strength of Purpose. By Robert Morris (2011)

Faculty & Student Joint Research Groups

Doctoral students get involved in research by participating in workgroups led by social-organizational psychology faculty. Students are required to participate in at least one workgroup per semester for a minimum of eight semesters overall. Participation in at least two different workgroups is required over the course of the program.  

In workgroups, doctoral students participate in all phases of the research process, including the design and conduct of research. Many times, this participation leads to presentations at professional conferences or publications in journals and books with faculty.

The number of students per workgroup varies but typically ranges from 3 to 6.

Topics of Interest:

  • The experiences of leaders in the demographic minority and the strategies they use to be successful in these environment
  • The long-term effects of stereotype threat in the workplace
  • The experience of microaggressions in the workplace
  • How leaders can create inclusive climates for their teams

Current Workgroup Members:

  • Caryn Block, Ph.D.
  • Angelica Leon, Ph.D. Student
  • Katrina Monton, Ph.D. Student
  • Jean Sohn, Ph.D. Student
  • Lea Lynn Yen, Ph.D. Student
  • Eccho Yu, Ph.D. Student

Workgroup Members Continuing Work on Projects and Papers:

  • Julian McNeil, Ph.D. Student
  • Shana Yearwood, Ph.D. Student

Current Research:

  • Understanding reactions of Asian-Americans to racial microaggressions in the workplace
  • The influence of leader vulnerability in reducing the experience of stereotype threat for women in STEM fields
  • Differences in letters of recommendations STEMming from gender bias
  • Making meaning of gendered cues in STEM fields in academic settings
  • Working in stereotype threatening contexts: The case of women STEM faculty at a top tier research university
  • Assessing stereotypes of Black male mangers, White male managers, Black female managers and White female managers using a diagnostic ratio approach.
  • Does a pre-existing relationship buffer female managers from the negative consequences of anger expression in the workplace?

Past Research:

  • Assessing stereotypes of Black and White managers: A diagnostic ratio approach
  • Diversity trainer preconceptions: The Effects of trainer race and gender on perceptions of diversity trainer effectiveness

Representative Publications:

  • Block, C.J., Cruz, M., Bairley, M, Harel-Marian, T. & Roberson, L (2019).  Inside the prism of an invisible threat: Shining a light on the hidden work of contending with systemic stereotype threat in STEM fields.  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 113, 33-50.
  • Kim, J., Block, C.J. & Nguyen, D. (2019).  What’s visible is my race.  What’s invisible is my contribution: Understanding the effects of race and colorblind racial attitudes on the perceived impact of microaggressions toward Asians in the workplace.  Journal of Vocational Behavior, 113, 75-87.
  • Kim, J., Nguyen, D. & Block, C.J. (2018). The 360-degree experience of workplace microaggressions: Who commits them? How do individuals respond? What are the consequences? In Torino, G.C., Rivera, D.W., C.M. Capodilupo, K.L. Nadal, D.P, & D.W. Sue (Eds.)  Microaggression Theory – Influence and Implications, 159-177.  Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.
  • Dutt, K., Pfaff, D., Bernstein, A., Dillard, J. & Block, C.J.  (2016). Gender differences in letters of recommendations for postdoctoral fellowships in geoscience.  Nature Geoscience, 9, 805-809.

Representative Conference Presentations:


  • Li, A. & Block, C.J. (2020).  The influence of leaders sharing struggles on reducing stereotype threat, conveying a growth mindset and creating psychological safety for women in STEM. Academy of Management Conference, Vancouver, B.C. (presented virtually).
  • Kim, J., Brockner J. & Block, C.J. (2020).  Congruence between self-affirmation and
  • self-construal eliminates the MBA gender performance gap.  Academy of Management Conference, Vancouver, B.C. (presented virtually)
  • Kim, J., Block, C.J., & Yu, H. (2020).  How positive attitudes toward Asians impact perceptions of racial microaggresions.  Academy of Management Conference, Vancouver, B.C. (presented virtually).
  • Kim, J., Block, C.J., & Yu, H. (2020).  How positive attitudes toward Asians impact perceptions of subtle microaggresions.  Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Annual Conference, Austin TX (conference cancelled).
  • Block, C. J., & Cruz, M. (2019). Invisible threats: Contending with systemic stereotype threat in STEM fields.  Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues (SPSSI) Conference, San Diego, CA.
  • Elmore, J., & Block, C. J. (2019). A structural topic model approach to exploring gender bias in letters of recommendation. Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Annual Conference, National Harbor, MD.
  • Li, A. & Block, C.J. (2019). The effects of managers sharing struggles on stereotype threat reduction in STEM workplaces.  Academy of Management Conference, Boston, MA.
  • Kim, J., Nguyen, D. & Block, C.J.  (2017).  Perceptions of Microaggressions Towards Asians in the Workplace.  Society for Industrial Organizational Psychology Conference, Orlanda, Florida.
  • Merriweather, T.J. & Block, C.J. (2016).  The Effect of Intersectional Stereotypes on the Perceptions of Managers.  Academy of Management Conference, Anaheim, California.
  • Gupta, A. & Block, C.J. (2015).  Does a Pre-existing Relationship Buffer Female Managers from the Negative Consequences of Anger Expression in the Workplace?  Academy of Management Conference, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
  • Kim, J., Drinka, G., Nguyen, D., Yu, H. & Block, C.J.  (2015). Racial Microaggressions Experienced by Asians and Asian Americans in the Workplace.  Association for Psychological Science, New York, New York.

Information for interested applicants:

Please contact Dr. Block at

Topics of Interest:

Learning agility, leadership development, organization culture & climate, multi-rater feedback, and authentic leadership

Current Research & Projects:

This workgroup is interested in various areas of organizational behavior, particularly leadership, culture and climate, managing change, and multi-rater feedback in the workplace. Recently, the workgroup has been focusing on the concept of learning agility, the capacity to learn flexibly and rapidly in new and different situations. The work consists of establishing a behavioral measure of learning agility, including the requisite requirements of reliability and all forms of validity. 

Also of interest has been a series of studies testing the validity of the Burke-Litwin model of organizational performance and change. These studies have addressed the relationships of culture to climate, leadership behavior and management practices to climate, and leadership behavior to organizational performance. Using multivariate statistics such as regression, linear (and some nonlinear) relationships, and how certain dimensions of the model influence other dimensions are being measured and analyzed.

Students in the workgroup are also working on organizational survey projects, creating new measures of executive leadership, and analyzing large datasets.

Learning Agility

Learning Agility, of burgeoning interest in the field of organizational development, may be used to predict and understand how some leaders learn and develop more quickly than others. In 2012, Dr. Burke, along with several of his doctoral students, published a white paper with the Center for Creative Leadership (CCL) outlining their theory on Learning Agility. Since that time, many organizations have come forward and sought out Dr. Burke and his students and asked to use their Learning Agility tool, which is still under development.  Dr. Burke hopes to use the finished Learning Agility tool for leadership development with organizations while also allowing researchers access to the tool in order to continually improve our collective understanding of the construct in the future.  To contact Dr. Burke's research team about the state of the tool as well as potential future collaboration, please contact Dr. Warner Burke at 

Past Projects:

OD Practitioner Values study

Representative Publications & Panels:

Mitchinson, A., Gerard, N.M., Roloff, K.S., & Burke, W.W. (2012). Learning agility: Spanning the rigor-relevance divide. Industrial and Organizational Psychology: Perspectives on Science and Practice, 5, 287-290.

Mitchinson, A., Gerard, N.M., Roloff, K.S., & Burke, W.W. (2012). Learning about learning agility. Best Paper Proceedings of the 2012 Meeting of the Academy of Management,Boston, MA.

Burke, W.W. (2012) Influential research and practice in ODC dynamics (panelist). Academy of Management Annual Meeting. August 6, Boston, MA.

Fudman, R., Roloff, K.S., Shull, A.C., Church, A.H., & Burke, W.W. (2013). Attitudes, motivators, values, and activities in the organizational sciences symposium, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology Conference, Houston, TX.

Shull, A.C., Church, A.H., & Burke, W.W. (2013). Attitudes about the field of organization development 20 years later: The more things change, the more they stay the same. In A.B. (Rami) Shani, W.A. Pasmore, R.W. Woodman, & D.A. Noumair (Eds.) Research in organizational change and development, Vol. 21 (pp. 1-28). Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing, Ltd. 


Burke, W.W. (2021). Historical Currents in Scholarship of Organization Change. In M.S. Poole & A. Van de Ven (Eds) The Oxford Handbook of Organization Change (In pressNew York: Oxford University Press.


Topics of Interest:

What determines whether conflict will move in a destructive or constructive direction? 

This is the overarching question that has driven decades of research at the MD-ICCCR. While the answers to such questions are complex, we seek to identify the most fundamental factors that lead to qualitative differences in dynamics of conflict and peace. This research has spawned new insights and new research questions, including:

  • How can we use the insights from Dynamical Systems Theory (DST)—a branch of applied mathematics—to enhance our understanding of conflict processes across time, and within complex individual, social, situational, and systemic contexts?
  • How do the meta-competencies of Conflict Intelligence (CIQ) and Systemic Wisdom(SW) enable us to effectively navigate different kinds of conflict dynamics—including conflicts with different levels of complexity, intensity, and resistance to change—within complex social systems?
  • How do fundamental differences in goals, power, and relationship importancebetween disputants affect conflict dynamics within formal and informal negotiations, and how can they be navigated adaptively and constructively?
  • What are the most basic challenges to effective mediation and how do mediators most effectively adapt and respond to them as they ebb and flow in conflict situations?
  • Which cross-cultural differences have the greatest impact on how people handle conflict situations, and how can we most effectively adapt our conflict strategies when navigating these differences?
  • How do disputants and third parties navigate contrasting motives and constraints in conflicts optimally and in a manner that leads to more constructive dynamics?
  • What determines whether conflicts over injustice and oppression move in a constructive or destructive direction, and what factors are most impactful in mitigating polarization of political discourse and action?
  • How do multicultural differences between disputants affect conflict dynamics and how can the energy from such conflicts be leveraged constructively to facilitate institutional justice and reform and multicultural harmony and unity?
  • Why do some types of conflicts come to seem intractable and impossible to resolve and what can we do to alter their dynamics qualitatively?
  • What are the core dynamics of sustainably peaceful communities and what are the primary factors that increase the probabilities of sustaining peace?

 Current Workgroup Members:

  • Peter Coleman, Ph.D.
  • Lan Phan, Ph.D. Student
  • Allegra Chen-Carrel, Ph.D. Student
  • Andy Chan, Research Coordinator
  • Danielle Coon, MD-ICCCR Associate Director
  • Catherine Serianni
  • Steve Hong
  • Victoria Fitzgerald
  • Rose Fiorentino
  • Rebecca Mandelbaum
  • Shaun Munroe
  • Chelsea Hughes
  • Chris Straw
  • Nancy Lewis

Workgroup Members Continuing to Work on Projects and Papers:

  • Allegra Chen-Carrel, Ph.D. Student
  • Diego Ramos, Ph.D. Student



Current Research Projects:

  • Conflict Intelligence and Systemic Wisdom
  • Dynamical Conversations Lab
  • Cross Cultural Adaptivity and Optimality
  • Constructive Multicultural Organizational Development  
  • RDE Israeli-Palestinian Peace Project
  • Social Resonance and Group Mobilization
  • Conflict Anxiety Response Scale
  • Liberal-Conservative Optimality Dynamics
  • Navigating Political Polarization
  • Leveraging Tension for Constructive Change
  • Complexity Competencies for Leading in Complex Systems

Current Applied Projects:

Past Research & Applied Projects

  • Situated Model of Conflict in Social Relations
  • Implicit Power Theories and Empowerment
  • Conflict, Culture and Complexity Lab Studies
  • Dynamical Measure of Individualism-Collectivism
  • Adaptive Negotiation: Navigating Power and Conflict
  • Adaptive Mediation in Dynamic Systems
  • Situated Model of Mediation in Social Conflict
  • Multilevel Assessment – 5 Percent Framework
  • Cooperation, Competition and Mixed-Motive Dynamics in Conflict
  • Collaboration with the United Nations Mediation Support Unit (MSU)

Representative Publications:

Coleman, P. T. (forthcoming). UnHero: A Counterintuitive Guide to Effective Leadership.

Coleman, P. T. & Deutsch, M. (2015). Morton Deutsch: Major Texts on Peace Psychology. Springer Books.

Coleman, P. T. & Deutsch, M. (2015). Morton Deutsch: A Pioneer in Developing Peace Psychology. Springer Books.

Coleman P. T., Deutsch, M.  & Marcus, E. (Eds.). (2014). The Handbook of Conflict Resolution: Theory and Practice. 3rd Edition, San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass. 

Coleman, P.T. & Ferguson, R. (September, 2014). Making Conflict Work: Harnessing the power of disagreement.  
New York, NY: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. 
Vallacher, R., Coleman, P. T., Nowak, A., Bui-Wrzosinska, L., Liebovitch, L., Kugler, K. & Bartoli, A. (2013). Attracted to Conflict: The Dynamic Foundations of Malignant Social Relations. New York, NY: Springer. 
Coleman, P. T. (Ed.). (2012). Conflict, Justice, and Interdependence: The Legacy of Morton Deutsch. New York, NY: Springer. 
Coleman, P. T. & Deutsch, M. (Eds.). (July, 2012). The Psychological Components of a Sustainable Peace. New 
York: Springer. 
Coleman, P. T. (2011). The five percent: Finding solutions to seemingly impossible conflicts. New York: Perseus Book Group. 

Coleman, P. T., Kugler, K. G., Kim, R. and Vallacher, R. (forthcoming). Hoping for the best, preparing for the worst: Regulatory focus optimality in high and low-intensity conflict. International Journal of Conflict Management.

Coleman, P. T. (2018). Morton Deutsch (1920–2017). American Psychologist, 73(2), 198. 

Coleman, P. T. (2018). Conflict intelligence and systemic wisdom: Meta-competencies for engaging conflict in a complex, dynamic world. Negotiation Journal, 34, 1, pp. 7-35.

Coleman, P. T. (2018). Ten major scientific contributions that promote a more just, peaceful and sustainable world. Negotiation Journal, 34, 1, pp. 105-116.

Coleman, P. T., Coon, D., Kim, R., Chung, C., Regan, B., Anderson. R., & Bass, B. (2017). Promoting constructive multicultural attractors: Fostering unity and fairness from diversity and conflict. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science.

Coleman, P. T., Kugler, K. G., and Chatman, L. (2017). Adaptive mediation: An evidence-based contingency approach to mediating conflict. International Journal of Conflict Management.

Webb, C. E., Coleman, P. T., Rossignac-Milon, M., Tomasulo, S. J., & Higgins, E. T. (2017). Moving on or Digging Deeper: Regulatory Mode and Interpersonal Conflict Resolution. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Advance online publication. 

Kim, R. and Coleman, P. T. (2015) The Combined Effect of Individualism – Collectivism on Conflict Styles and Satisfaction: An Analysis at the Individual LevelPeace and Conflict Studies, 22, 2. 

Coleman, P. T., Kugler, K., Gozzi, C., Mazzaro, K., El Zokm, N & Kressel, K. (2015). Putting the peaces together: Introducing a situated model of mediation. International Journal of Conflict Management.

Coleman, P. T., & Kugler, K. G. (2014). Tracking Managerial Conflict Adaptivity: Introducing a Dynamic Measure of Adaptive Conflict Management in Organizations.Journal of Organizational Behavior. Online first publication.

Kurt, L., Kugler, K. G., Coleman, P. T., & Liebovitch, L. S. (2014). Behavioral and emotional dynamics of two people struggling to reach consensus about a topic on which they disagree. PLoS ONE, 9, 1-15. 
Coleman, P.T., Kugler K., Bui-Wrzosinska, L., Nowak, A. & Vallacher, R. (2012). Getting Down to Basics: A Situated Model of Conflict in Social Relations. Negotiations Journal, 28(1), 7-43.

Vallacher, R., Coleman, P. T., Nowak, A., Bui-Wrzosinska, L. (2010). Rethinking intractable conflict: The perspective of dynamical systems. American Psychologist, 65 (4), 262-278.  
Coleman, P.T., Kugler, K., Mitchinson, A., Chung, C.T., & Musallam, N. (2010). The View from Above and Below: The Effects of Power and Interdependence Asymmetries on Conflict Dynamics and Outcomes in Organizations.  Negotiations and Conflict Management Research, 3 (4), 283-331.
Coleman, P.T., Vallacher, R.R., Nowak, A. & Bui-Wrzosinska, L. (Eds., 2010). Special Issue: Dynamical Systems Theory and Conflict. Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 16 (2). 
Coleman, P.T., Gray, B. & Putnam, L.L. (Eds., 2007). Special Issue: Intractable Conflict.American Behavioral Scientist, 50 (11). 
Peter T. Coleman (2003). Characteristics of Protracted, Intractable Conflict: Toward the Development of a Metaframework-I . Peace and Conflict: Journal of Peace Psychology, 9(1).  

Information for interested applicants:

For further information, visit us at

If you have additional questions, please contact Danielle Coon at


Topics of Interest:

This workgroup primarily but not exclusively focuses on issues of inclusion, demographic diversity and discrimination in organizations.  Emphasis is placed on using a variety of theoretical (e.g., social cognitive; legal; relational and organizational demography; person-environment fit) and methodological (lab studies, surveys) approaches to conduct research that helps us understand the role that a variety of demographic characteristics (e.g., age, sex, generational membership) play in the workplace.  The implications of demographic diversity for decision making (e.g., selection) and organizational behaviors (e.g., communication, turnover) are explored.  More recently our research examines inclusive leadership and its role in managing workplace diversity.  Attention is given to the role of individual, group, and organizational factors in understanding issues of inclusion, demographic diversity and discrimination. 

Current Workgroup Members:

  • Elissa Perry, Ph.D.
  • Evi Ashenbrucker, Ph.D. Student
  • Molly Forgang, Ph.D. Student
  • Zoe Troxell-Whitman, Ph.D. Student
  • Yael Wilson, Ph.D. Student

Workgroup Members Continuing Work on Projects and Papers:

  • Angelica Leon, Ph.D. Student

Current Projects:

Inclusive Leadership and Inclusive Work Climates 

An increasing number of authors have begun to discuss the potential benefits of inclusive leadership for managing an increasingly diverse workforce and there is mounting evidence that inclusive leaders can positively impact the outcomes of the employees and the work units they lead.  Our work group is engaged in research to better understand what this leadership style is, how to measure it, and whether it is and perceived to be taken up differently by female versus male managers. While measures of inclusive leadership have proliferated over the last decade, a close review of these measures reveals problematic items and measures that do not fully capture the scope of the construct. Members of our workgroup are conducting research that centers on the development of a more theoretically grounded and empirically based measure of inclusive leadership.  A second project in our workgroup is focused on understanding whether inclusive leadership behaviors are gendered and if they are, the implications of this for the leaders who enact these behaviors.  Finally, a third project takes an evidence-based lens to a diversity climate measure used in practice and suggests that practitioners may need to more carefully consider the content of their diversity climate measures, and how they use them. We anticipate that future research in our workgroup will use the inclusive leadership measure we develop to explore the impact of inclusive leadership (by lower level and more senior leaders) on individual and group level outcomes.

 HR for the Non-HR Manager

In 2004, Carol Kulik wrote a book on Human Resource Management (HRM) targeted toward line managers who must engage in HR related activities at work.  We are now working together to write a revised version of this book.  The original edition provided an overview of human resource activities for the non-human resource manager and the revised version will do the same.  The overall organization of the book will follow a manager’s human resource activities from the initial recruitment and selection of new employees, through compensation and performance appraisal decisions, and ultimately to unpleasant but sometimes necessary disciplinary and termination actions.  We are updating the material in the original chapters and adding chapters that address onboarding, training and development, and retention.  There are several unique features of this book.  First, this book is firmly grounded in the academic literature. Its content reflects the latest and most robust research findings in human resource management.  Second, the book “translates” this academic literature into reader-friendly non-technical language and delivers practical guidelines to managers about how to apply research findings to their own organizations.  The work group is involved in helping the authors to update the book and the instructors’ manual. 

NOTE:  The above represent current workgroup activities.  Previous projects have explored generational stereotypes and stereotype threat, sexual harassment awareness training, and the impact of gender stereotype violations on the employment outcomes of caregivers.

Representative Publications/Conference Papers:

  • Li, A., & Perry, E.L. (2020, April).  The Inclusive Leadership Questionnaire – Development of a Theory-Based Measure, Society of Industrial Organizational Psychology Annual Conference, Austin, TX.
  • Perry, E.L., Block, C.J., & Noumair, D.A.  (2020).  Leading in: The role of inclusive leadership in creating climates that are intolerant of sexual harassment.  Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal.
  • Perry, E.L., & Li, A.  (2019, August).  Leadership for inclusion “above” and “below” the line.  In K. P. Weeks, I. Metz, & S. Perrera (Chairs), Crossing the Line: Examining "Above" and "Below" the Line Diversity Activities in Organizations, Academy of Management Annual Conference, Boston, MA.
  • Perry, E.L., & Li, A. (2019).  Diversity climate in organizations.  In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Business and Management. Oxford University Press. doi:
  • Perry, E.L., & Mendelsohn, D.  (2017, August).  Organizational-level racioethnic matching: The case of college faculty and students.  Academy of Management Annual Conference, Atlanta, GA.
  • Mendelsohn, D., & Perry, E.L. (2016).  Faculty gender diversity and university performance: The role of diversity climate.  Proceedings of the 2016 Academy of Management Meeting, Annaheim, CA.

Information for Interested Applicants:

Please email Dr. Perry at


Topics of Interest:

Workforce diversity: The experiences of underrepresented groups, and organizational workforce diversity initiatives.  


Former Workgroup Members Continuing Work on Projects & Papers:

  • Regina Kim, former Ph.D. Student, Assistant Professor at IESEG
  • Paola Briganti, Faculty member at Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy 
  • Marcello Russo, Faculty member at University of Bologna, Italy
  • Luisa Varriale, Faculty member at Università degli Studi di Napoli Parthenope, Italy 

Current Research Projects:

Accent and Language Differences as Dimensions of Diversity in Organizations
The rising globalization of employment increases interactions between native and non-native speakers in the workplace.  The proposed research examines the work experiences of non-native employees interacting with native speakers.  

A common language is required for people from different nations and cultures to work together effectively.  The rise in immigration, mobility, and cross-national work thus requires that many people work in a non-native language, resulting in differences in language fluency and accent at work. Accent is a part of one’s social identity and an important cue for social categorization on the part of listeners (Lev-Avi & Keyner, 2010; Rakic, Steffens, & Mummendey, 2011).   Research in social psychology and communication has examined non-native accent as a social categorization cue, evaluating how it is perceived by native speakers.  Decades of research in both English and non-English speaking countries have shown that non-native speakers are perceived more negatively than native speakers. Non-native speakers are judged by native speakers as less pleasant to listen to, as less intelligent, less loyal, less credible, and less competent. However, several studies have indicated that non-native speakers are aware of listener prejudice, and believe their accent is a source of tension at work.  This work suggests that contexts where non-native speakers interact with native speakers are likely to be threatening.  Our first study explores the strategies used by non-native speakers in interaction with native speakers, and the antecedents and consequences of those strategies.  We are conducting both laboratory and field research in three countries (US, France, and Italy) to explore the generalizability of results.  In the future, we plan to continue with research that will explore the effects of language and accent differences on team dynamics and effectiveness, and interventions to reduce the tensions produced by language and accent differences.  

Effectiveness of diversity program initiatives

Diversity programs are popular in organizations, yet information on their effectiveness is contradictory and incomplete.  If they are effective, why and under what conditions?  We examine the theoretical rationale behind programs to try and answer these questions.

Representative Publications :

Roberson, L., & Kim, R.  (2014).  Stereotype threat research hits the sweet spot for organizational psychology. Industrial and Organizational Psychology:  Perspectives on Science and Practice,. 

Roberson, L., Kulik, C.T., & Tan, Y.R.  (2013). Effective diversity training. In Q.M. Roberson (Ed.), The Oxford Handbook of Diversity and Work (pp.  341-365). New York: Oxford University Press. 

Information for interested applicants:

Please contact Dr. Roberson at


Topics of Interest:

Dynamic Network Theory, Decision Science, and Social Network Analysis

The goal of the work in our Dynamic Network Lab is to use social network, motivation, and decision science to predict, understand, and positively intervene in complex individual, social, and organizational systems.  The lab combines social network analysis, motivation, and decision-making approaches to more fully explain how social networks wield their power on important targets: goals, important decisions, specific behaviors, performance, climates, and system well-being.  Largely grounded in dynamic network theory (DNT), network goal analysis (NGA) aims to portray these system dynamics at individual, group, organizational, or international levels, including those with conflict. NGA can also be used with other theoretical approaches, not just DNT, whenever social networks and goals (or target behaviors) are the focus.  In contrast, we also use behavioral reasoning theory (BRT) to examine how people's reasoning and counter-argument processes within the network help trigger motivated goal striving and behavior at the individual levels. Utilizing both DNT and BRT together is presumed to provide a richer, yet highly operational understanding of system behavior with direct implications for strategic change to improve system functioning.  Individuals have used the Lab to model the in-person networks involved in their pursuits to get jobs, start businesses, lose weight, run marathons, quit tobacco, and improve social and organizational systems, among many others.  Our work also examines how to model important decision making in groups as well as how groups are working effectively (or not) in pursuit of their important goals.  

Please see our Dynamic Network Lab’s website for much more information: or www.DynamicNetworkLab.Org 

Current Workgroup Members:

  • Jim Westaby, Ph.D. 
  • Gian Zlupko, Ph.D. Student
  • Elizabeth Hyde, Ph.D. Student 

Workgroup Members Continuing Work on Projects and Papers:

  • Elisabeth Mah, Ph.D. Student
  • Adam Parr, Ph.D. Student
  • Nick Rosemarino, Ph.D. Student

Current Research Projects:

  • Network goal analysis and behavioral change:  Applying dynamic network theory
  • The complex modeling of social networks involved in human goal striving
  • Personality and the dynamic networks involved in organizational performance
  • Demographic diversity on attitudes and motivations in dynamic network systems
  • Network goal analysis of teams: An application of dynamic network theory
  • Dynamic network intelligence among individuals and groups
  • Is being central in social networks a good thing? It depends on the role in dynamic network theory
  • The network dynamics of unethical behavior: A case analysis
  • Case study analysis of international conflict: Using network goal analysis to examine international conflict


Representative Publications:

Westaby, J. D., Pfaff, D. L., & Redding, N. (2014). Psychology and social networks: A dynamic network theory perspective. American Psychologist, 69, 269-284.

Westaby, J. D., & Parr, A. K. (2020). The network goal analysis of social and organizational systems: Testing dynamic network theory in complex social networks.  Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 56(1), 107-129.

Westaby, J. D. (2012).  Dynamic network theory: How social networks influence goal pursuit. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. 

Westaby, J. D., & Shon, D. (2017).  Simulating the Social Networks in Human Goal Striving.  In R. R. Vallacher, S. J., Read, & A. Nowak (Eds.), Computational models in social psychology (1st ed.). pp. 231-257.  New York, NY: Psychology Press (Frontiers of Psychology series). 

Westaby, J. D., & Echtenkamp, A. (2017). Humor and Organizational Networks: Functions and Dysfunctions.  In C. Robert (Ed.), Humor in the workplace (1st ed.). pp. 45-59.  Routledge.

Westaby, J. D., & Redding, N. (2014). Social networks, social media, and conflict resolution. In P.T. Coleman, M. Deutsch, & E.C. Marcus (Eds.), The handbook of conflict resolution: Theory and practice (3rd ed.). pp. 998-1022. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Westaby, J. D. (2005). Behavioral reasoning theory: Identifying new linkages underlying intentions and behavior.  Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 98, 97-120. 

Westaby, J. D., Probst, T. M., & Lee, B. C. (2010).  Leadership decision-making: A behavioral reasoning theory analysis. Leadership Quarterly, 21, 481-495. 

Wagner, M., & Westaby, J. D. (in press).  Changing pay systems in organizations:  Using behavioral reasoning theory to understand employee support for pay-for-performance (or Not). Journal of Applied Behavioral Science.

Westaby, J. D., Versenyi, A., & Hausmann, R. C. (2005).  Intentions to work during terminal illness: An exploratory study of antecedent conditions.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1027-1035. 

Westaby, J. D., & Lowe, J. K. (2005).  Risk taking orientation and injury among youth workers: Examining the social influence of supervisors, coworkers, and parents.  Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 1297-1305. 

Topics of Interest:

  • Systems Psychodynamics
  • Change Leadership
  • Virtual Teams
  • Intersectionality, (e.g., racism, privilege and sexism)
  • Equity, diversity and inclusion in the workplace

Current Workgroup Members:

  • Debra Noumair, Ph.D. 
  • Sarah Brazaitis, Ph.D. 
  • Nilima Ajaikumar, Ph.D. Student
  • Abigail Johnson, Ph.D. Student
  • Ramya Kumar, Ph.D. Student

Workgroup Members Continuing Work on Projects and Papers:

  • Stephanie von Numers, Ph.D. Student
  • Chris St John, Ph.D. Student
  • Shana Yearwood, Ph.D. Student

Current Research:

  • Iterating and expanding an organizational development tool (X-Ray Vision) for understanding overt and covert system psychodynamics in organizations
  • Updating and expanding an iconic change leadership learning tool
  • Understanding how social identity threat influences white women’s tolerance of sexism
  • Exploring the systems psychodynamics of virtual teams
  • Considering allyship in organizational equity, diversity and inclusion efforts

Past Research:

  • Development of an online Group Relations Training course
  • Creating a learning environment in the virtual environment 

Representative Publications:

  • X-Ray Vision at Work: Seeing Inside Organizational Life. Noumair, D.A., Pfaff, D.L., St. John, C.M., Gipson, A.N., & Brazaitis, S.J. (2017). In A.B. (Rami) Shani & D.A. Noumair (Eds.), Research in Organizational Change & Development, Volume 25. Bingley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing.
  • von Numers, S., Yearwood, S., & Gipson, A., Brazaitis, S. J., Noumair, D.A., (2018, April). Exploring Privilege and Power, Racism and Sexism among Asian, Black, and White Women: Toward Loosening a Gordian Knot. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Psychology@TC Conference, New York, NY.
  • Kumar, R. & Brazaitis, S.J. (in press). Behind the screen of virtual teamwork: A systems psychodynamic approach to revealing what really makes a virtual team work, In D. Szabala & M. Gorman (Eds.) Management Consulting in the Era of the Digital Organization. Information Age Publishing.
  • Noumair, D.A., Chen-Carrel, A., Johnson, A., von Numers, S., Yearwood, Brazaitis, S.J. (2019, June 28). The development of X-ray vision in change leaders. International Society for the Psychoanalytic Society of Organizations (ISPSO) / Annual Meeting, New York.
  • von Numers, S., Yearwood, S., & Gipson, A., Brazaitis, S. J., Noumair, D.A., (2018, April). Exploring Privilege and Power, Racism and Sexism among Asian, Black, and White Women: Toward Loosening a Gordian Knot. Paper presented at the 2nd Annual Psychology@TC Conference, New York, NY.

Representative Student Qualifying Papers

  • Gipson, A. (January, 2019). The learning cycle applied: A university-sponsored group relations consultancy program.
  • Chen-Carrel, A. (May, 2020). Working towards an online learning community: Experiences from piloting an online group relations consulting course.

Information for interested applicants:

Please contact Dr. Noumair at

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