Garber, Carol Ewing (ceg2140)

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Garber, Carol, Ewing
Professor of Movement Sciences
Director, Graduate Program in Applied Physiology
Biobehavioral Sciences

1058 Thndk

Office Hours:
By appointment

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Educational Background

  • B.S. with Distinction in Education, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

  • M.A., Exercise Physiology,University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

  • Ph.D.,Exercise Physiology,University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT

Professional Registration and Certification
  • Registered Clinical Exercise Physiologist

  • Certified Preventive & Rehabilitative Exercise Program Director, American College of Sports Medicine

  • Certified  Exercise Physiologist, American College of Sports Medicine

  • Certified Exercise Test Technologist,

  • American College of Sports MedicineExercise is Medicine Level 3 Provider

Scholarly Interests

  • The role of physical activity in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases.
  • Community and clinical interventions to promote physical activity.
  • Promotion of physical activity in young, low income children and their families
  • Novel delivery systems for providing clinical exercise physiology interventions
  • Physical Activity in older adults

Selected Publications

Selected  Peer Review Publications 

  1. Summerhill EM, Angov N, Garber CE, McCool FD. Respiratory muscle strength in the physically active elderly. Lung. 2007 Dec;185(6):315-20. PubMed PMID: 17917778.*

  2. Hellsten, L., Nigg, C., Norman, G., Burbank, P., Braun, L., Breger, R., Coday, M., Elliot, D., Garber, CE, Greaney, M., Lees, F., Matthews, C., Moe, E., Resnick, B., Riebe, D., Rossi, J., Toobert, D., & Wang, T. Accumulation of behavioral validation evidence for physical activity stage of change. Health Psychol. 2008 Jan;27(1 Suppl):S43-53. PubMed PMID: 18248105.

  3. Garber CE, Allsworth JE , Marcus BH , Hesser J,  Buechner  J,  Lapane KL. Predictors of the Stages of Change for Physical Activity in a Population Survey. Am. Journal of Public Health. 2008 May;98(5):897-904. PubMed PMID: 18381988.

  4. Greaney ML, Riebe D, Garber CE., Lees FD, Rossi, J,.Burbank PM, Nigg C, Clark PG. Long Term Effects of a Stage Based Physical Activity Intervention for Older Adults: Results from the Senior Project. 2008. Jun;48(3):358-67. PubMed PMID: 18591361. * (D. Riebe and C. Garber contributed equally to this work)

  5. Riebe D, Blissmer BJ, Greaney ML, Garber CE, Lees FD, Clark PG. The relationship between obesity, physical activity, and physical function in older adults. J Aging Health. 2009 Dec;21(8):1159-78. PubMed PMID: 19897781.

  6. Garber CE, Greaney ML, Riebe D, Nigg C, Burbank PM, Clark PG. Sociodemographic, Psychological and Behavioral Factors are Associated with Physical Function in Community-Dwelling Older Adults. BMC Geriatr. 2010 Feb 3;10:6. PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2835714 (M.Greaney and D. Riebe contributed equally to this work)

  7. Eidsdóttir SP, Kristjánsson AL, Sigfúsdóttir ID, Garber CE, Allegrante JP. Trends in body mass index among Icelandic adolescents and young adults from 1992 to 2007. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 May;7(5):2191-207. Epub 2010 May4. PubMed PMID: 20623019; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC2898044. *

  8. Emmons RR, Garber CE, Cirnigliaro CM, Moyer JM, Kirshblum SC, Galea MD, Spungen AM, Bauman WA. The influence of visceral fat on the postprandial lipemic response in men with paraplegia. J Am Coll Nutr. 2010 Oct;29(5):476-81. PubMed PMID: 21504974. *

  9. Emmons RR, Garber CE, Cirnigliaro CM, Kirshblum SC, Spungen AM, Bauman WA. Assessment of measures for abdominal adiposity in persons with spinal cord injury. Ultrasound Med Biol. 2011 May;37(5):734-41. Epub 2011 Mar 25. PubMed PMID: 21439716. *

  10. Layton AM, Garber CE, Thomashow BM, Gerardo RE, Emmert-Aronson BO, Armstrong HF, Basner RC, Jellen P, Bartels MN. Exercise ventilatory kinematics in endurance trained and untrained men and women. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2011 Sep 15;178(2):223-9. Epub 2011 Jun 17. PubMed PMID: 21708294. *

  11. Layton AM, Garber CE, Basner RC, Bartels MN. An assessment of pulmonary function testing and ventilatory kinematics by optoelectronic plethysmography. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging. 2011 Sep;31(5):333-6. doi:10.1111/j.1475-097X.2011.01028.x. Epub 2011 May 29. Review. PubMed PMID: 21771250. *

  12. Armstrong HF, Garber CE, Bartels MN. Exercise testing parameters associated with post lung transplant mortality. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2012 Apr 30;181(2):118-22. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2012.02.003. Epub 2012 Feb 21. PubMed PMID: 22503816. *

  13. Kim YS, Park YS, Allegrante JP, Marks R, Ok H, Ok Cho K, Garber CE. Relationship between physical activity and general mental health. Prev Med. 2012 Nov;55(5):458-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2012.08.021. Epub 2012 Sep 7. PubMed PMID:22981733. *

  14. Layton AM, Moran SL, Garber CE, Armstrong HF, Basner RC, Thomashow BM, Bartels MN. Optoelectronic plethysmography compared to spirometry during maximal exercise. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2013 Jan 15;185(2):362-8. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2012.09.004. Epub 2012 Sep 25. PubMed PMID: 23022440. *

  15. Eidsdóttir SP, Kristjánsson AL, Sigfúsdóttir ID, Garber CE, Allegrante JP.Secular trends in overweight and obesity among Icelandic adolescents: Do parental education levels and family structure play a part? Scand J Public Health. 2013 Jun;41(4):384-91. doi: 10.1177/1403494813477927. Epub 2013 Feb 21. PubMed PMID:23429266. *

  16. Montes J, McIsaac TL, Dunaway S, Kamil-Rosenberg S, Sproule D, Garber CE, DeVivo DC, Rao AK. Falls and spinal muscular atrophy: exploring cause and prevention. Muscle Nerve. 2013 Jan;47(1):118-23. doi:10.1002/mus.23656. Epub 2012 Oct 5. PubMed PMID: 23042039. *

  17. Cho KO, Garber CE, Lee S, Kim YS. Energy Balance during Taekwondo Practice in Elite Male Taekwondo Players. J Lifestyle Med. 2013 Mar;3(1):54-61. Epub 2013 Mar 31. PubMed PMID: 26064838; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4390756. *

  18. Choi HJ, Garber CE, Jun TW, Jin YS, Chung SJ, Kang HJ. Therapeutic effects of tai chi in patients with Parkinson's disease. ISRN Neurol. 2013 Oct31;2013:548240. doi: 10.1155/2013/548240. eCollection 2013. PubMed PMID:24294526; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3833322. *

  19. Wald A, Muennig PA, O'Connell KA, Garber CE. Associations Between Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors and Academic Performance in U.S. Undergraduates: A Secondary Analysis of the American College Health Association's National College Health Assessment II. Am J Health Promot. 2013 Aug 13. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 23941106. *

  20. Eidsdottir ST, Kristjansson AL, Sigfusdottir ID, Garber CE, Allegrante JP. Association between higher BMI and depressive symptoms in Icelandic adolescents: the mediational function of body image. Eur J Public Health. 2013 Nov 26. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24280872. *

  21. Montes J, Dunaway S, Garber CE, Chiriboga CA, De Vivo DC, Rao AK. Leg muscle function and fatigue during walking in spinal muscular atrophy type 3. Muscle Nerve. 2013 Oct 1. doi: 10.1002/mus.24081. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 24122959. *

  22. Gallo PM, McIsaac TL, Garber CE. Walking economy during cued versus non-cued treadmill walking in persons with Parkinson's disease. J Parkinsons Dis. 2013;3(4):609-19. doi: 10.3233/JPD-130217. PubMed PMID: 24252803. *

  23. Choi HJ, Garber CE, Jun TW, Jin YS, Chung SJ, Kang HJ. Therapeutic effects of tai chi in patients with Parkinson's disease. ISRN Neurol. 2013 Oct 31;2013:548240. doi: 10.1155/2013/548240. eCollection 2013. PubMed PMID:24294526; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3833322. *

  24. Dunaway S, Montes J, Garber CE, Carr B, Kramer SS, Kamil-Rosenberg S, Strauss N, Sproule D, De Vivo DC. Performance of the timed "up & go" test in spinal muscular atrophy. Muscle Nerve. 2014 Aug;50(2):273-7. doi: 10.1002/mus.24153. Epub 2014 May 12. PubMed PMID: 24375426. *

  25. Gallo PM, McIsaac TL, Garber CE. Walking Economy During Cued Versus Non-Cued Self-Selected Treadmill Walking in Persons with Parkinson's Disease. J Parkinsons Dis. 2014 Jan 1;4(4):705-16. doi: 10.3233/JPD-140445. PubMed PMID: 25261459. *

  26. Hafer JF, Brown AM, deMille P, Hillstrom HJ, Garber CE. The effect of a cadence retraining protocol on running biomechanics and efficiency: a pilot study. J Sports Sci. 2014 Nov 4:1-8. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 25369525. *

  27. Rossi A, Moadel-Robblee A, Garber CE, Kuo D, Goldberg G, Einstein M, Nevadunsky N. Physical activity for an ethnically diverse sample of endometrial cancer survivors: a needs assessment and pilot intervention. J Gynecol Oncol. 2015 Apr;26(2):141-7. doi: 10.3802/jgo.2015.26.2.141. PubMed PMID: 25872894; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4397230.*

  28. Riebe D, Franklin BA, Thompson PD, Garber CE, Whitfield GP, Magal M, Pescatello LS. Updating ACSM's Recommendations for Exercise Preparticipation Health Screening. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015 Nov;47(11):2473-9. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000000664. PubMed PMID: 26473759.

  29. Montes, J, Garber CE, Kramer SS| Montgomery MJ, Dunaway S, Kamil-Rosenberg S, Carr B, Cruz R, Strauss NE, Sproule D, De Vivo DC. Single-Blind, Randomized, Controlled Clinical Trial of Exercise in Ambulatory Spinal Muscular Atrophy: Why are the Results Negative? Journal of Neuromuscular Diseases 2015; 2 (4): 463-470. DOI: 10.3233/JND-150101*

  30. Young SD, Montes J, Kramer SS, Marra J, Salazar R, Cruz R, Chiriboga CA, Garber CE, De Vivo DC. Six-Minute Walk Test is Reliable and Valid in Spinal Muscular Atrophy. Muscle Nerve. 2016 Mar 25. doi: 10.1002/mus.25120. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27015431. *

  31. Rossi A, Garber CE, Ortiz M, Shankar V, Goldberg GL, Nevadunsky NS. Feasibility of a physical activity intervention for obese, socioculturally diverse endometrial cancer survivors. Gynecol Oncol. 2016 Jun 4. pii: S0090-8258(16)30763-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ygyno.2016.05.034. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 27246303. *

  32. Quiles NN, Ciccolo JT, Garber CE. Association Between Physical Activity, Depression, and Diabetes in Urban-Dwelling People Living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2017 Nov - Dec;28(6):838-848. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2017.06.015. Epub 2017 Jun 29. PubMed PMID: 28743495. *

  33. Rossi A, Garber CE, Kaur G, Xue X, Goldberg GL, Nevadunsky NS. Physical activity-related differences in body mass index and patient-reported quality of life in socioculturally diverse endometrial cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer. 2017 Jul;25(7):2169-2177. doi: 10.1007/s00520-017-3622-y. Epub 2017 Feb 16. PubMed PMID: 28210862. *

  34. Quiles NN, Ciccolo JT, Garber CE. Resting Autonomic Function in Active and Insufficiently Active People Living with HIV. Int J Sports Med. 2018 Jan;39(1):73-78. doi: 10.1055/s-0043-118033. Epub 2017 Nov 21. PubMed PMID: 29161745. *

  35. Rossi A, Friel C, Carter L, Garber CE. Effects of Theory-Based Behavioral Interventions on Physical Activity Among Overweight and Obese Female Cancer Survivors: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Integr Cancer Ther. 2018 Jun;17(2):226-236. doi: 10.1177/1534735417734911. Epub 2017 Oct 27.PubMed PMID: 29076388.*

  36. Kamil-Rosenberg S, Greaney ML, Hochman T, Garber CE. How do Physical Activity and Health Vary Among Younger, Middle-Aged and Older Adults With and Without Disability? J Aging Phys Act. 2018 Aug 17:1-26. doi: 10.1123/japa.2017-0215. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30117345.*

  37. McCullough AK, Duch H, Garber CE. Interactive Dyadic Physical Activity and Spatial Proximity Patterns in 2-Year-Olds and Their Parents. Children (Basel). 2018 Dec 11;5(12). pii: E167. doi: 10.3390/children5120167. PubMed PMID: 30545007; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6306825.*

  38. McCullough AK, Keller BS, Qiu S, Garber CE. Analysis of accelerometer-derived interpersonal spatial proximities: A calibration, simulation, and validation study, Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science. 2018 22:3, 275-286, DOI: 10.1080/1091367X.2018.1437039 *

  39. Goodwin AM, Duran AT, Kronish IM, Moise N, Sanchez GJ, Garber CE, Schwartz JE, Diaz KM. Factors associated with objectively measured exercise participation after hospitalization for acute coronary syndrome. Int J Cardiol. 2019 Jan 15; 275:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2018.09.080. Epub 2018 Sep 28. PubMed PMID: 30391064; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6289665.*

  40. Kang AW, Garber CE, Eaton CB, Risica PM, Bostom AG. Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Risk among Kidney Transplant Patients. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2019 Jun;51(6):1154-1161. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001886. PubMed PMID: 30629045; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6522300.*

  41. McCullough AK, Garber CE. Validity of a novel objective screening test for risk of insufficient physical activity in toddlers. 2019; Journal for the Measurement of Physical Behaviour2019;2(2): 66-72*

  42. Rossi A, Garber CE, Ortiz M, Shankar V, Kuo Y-S, Nevadunsky NS. Sustained effects of theory-based physical activity intervention for socioeconomically diverse obese endometrial cancer survivors: A Longitudinal analysis. European Journal of Gynaecogical Oncology. 2019 Aug; 142(2): 301-310.

  43. Duran AT, Garber CE, Cornelius T, Schwartz, JE, Diaz, KM. Patterns of Sedentary Behavior in the First Month after Acute Coronary Syndrome. Journal of the American Heart Association. J Am Heart Assoc. 2019 Aug 6;8(15):e011585. doi: 10.1161/JAHA.118.011585. Epub 2019 Jul 31. PubMed PMID: 31364434; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC6761643.

  44. Hecht MF, Li S, Falzon L, Garber CE. Physical Activity Interventions in Diverse U.S. Schools: A Systematic Review. Health Behavior Policy Review. 2019. Sept; 6(5): 490-508. * 

  45. McCullough AK, Keller B, Garber CE Quantifying physical activity in young children using a 3-dimensional camera. Sensors.2019; (in press) *

* Indicates articles where I served as a mentor for a student, trainee or junior faculty

Active Membership in Professional Organizations

  • American College of Sports Medicine, President (2014-15)

  • American Heart Association, Council on Epidemiology and Prevention, Council on Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism

  • American Public Health Association

  • American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation

Previous Organizational Leadership Positions:

  • President, American Heart Association, Rhode Island Affiliate
  • President, New England Chapter, American College of Sports Medicine
  • Chair, RI Governors Council of Physical Fitness and Health
  • Chair, RI Prevention Coalition

Follow me on Twitter @cegarber

Postgraduate Honors

  • Citation Award, American College of Sports Medicine

  • Active Fellow (#549), National Academy of Kinesiology 
  • Outstanding Alumni Researcher, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut 

  • Fellow, American Heart Association (Council on Epidemiology and Prevention and Nutrition, Physical Activity and Metabolism Council) 

  • Fulbright Senior Specialist Program Roster 

  • Outstanding Kinesiology Professional, Neag School of Education, University of Connecticut 

  • Health Impact Award, American Heart Association, New England Affiliate 

  • Healthy People 2000 Award, American College of Sports Medicine 

  • Honor Award, New England Chapter, American College of Sports Medicine 

  • Fellow, American College of Sports Medicine 

Faculty Scho

Selected Previous Academic and Professional Appointments

  • Associate Professor (tenured) and Director, Clinical Exercise Physiology Graduate (Master's Degree) Program, Department of Health Sciences, Bouve College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA
  • Fulbright Senior Specialist. Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Balamand, Beirut, Lebanon
  • Clinical Instructor to Associate Professor (Medicine), Warren Alpert School of Medicine of Brown University, Providence, RI
  • Faculty Scholar, Institute on Urban Health Northeastern University, Boston, MA
  • Affiliate Medical Staff (Department of Medicine) Memorial Hospital of Rhode Island, Pawtucket, RI 

Selected Recent Editorial Board and Writing Groups 

  • Associate Editor, Exercise and Sports Medicine Reviews

  • Editorial Board, Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation

  • Editorial Board, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise

  • Chair, Writing Group, 2011 Position Stand on Quantity and Quality of Exercise for Healthy Adults, American College of Sports Medicine 

  1. Invited Lecture. Current controversies in Exercise Prescription" Inaugural Lawrence Golding "Bridging the Gap" Keynote Lecture at the ACSM Health and Fitness Summit (March 2015)

  2. Invited Keynote Lecture. Aging is hard work: Exercise training to change the course toward Disability. Bortz Lecture on Aging, ACSM Health and Fitness Summit (April 2018)

  3. Invited Tutorial Lecture, Is Harder Better? The Role of Intensity and Volume in Exercise Prescription. Accepted presentation. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN, May 2016

  4. Josephine Rathbone Breakfast Lecture. Josephine Rathbone: A Role Model for Women Professionals. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Orlando, FL, May 2014.

  5. Invited Tutorial Lecture, Benefits of Physical Activity With and Without Weight Loss. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, May 2017.

  6. Invited Presentation, Using @Twitter To Advance Science And Scientific Integrity. American College of Sports Medicine Annual Meeting, Denver, CO, May 2017.

  7. Invited Keynote Lecture: “Physical Activity Recommendations for Persons with Disability”. Rehabilitation: Mobility, Exercise & Sports Conference, Groningen, the Netherlands, April 2014

  8. Exercise is Medicine: Integrating Exercise into Healthcare. College of Health and Human Services Keynote Lecture at University of Rhode Island (Nov 2014)

  9. Is Exercise Physiology a Profession?"  DB Dill Keynote Lecture at the Southwest ACSM Regional Chapter meeting, San Diego, CA (October 2014)

  10. Update on Current Clinical Exercise Physiology Research. Keynote Lecture at the New England Chapter of ACSM meeting (March 2015)

  11. ACSM’s Updated Recommendations for Exercise Preparticipation Health Screening. Invited lecture, Greater New York Chapter of ACSM (April 2015)

  12. Small Kids on the Move! Invited Lecture, New England Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine meeting (October, 2018)

The EXerT Clinic is a project Directed by Dr. Carol Ewing Garber designed rovide high quality mentored professional practice and research opportunities for students in the Movement Science  through provision of an integrated health/fitness evaluations and exercise prescriptions to individuals with a goal to improve sports performance, fitness, and health.

The EXerT Clinic offers individualized exercise testing and physical activity assessments and counseling services provided by highly trained, certified staff and Movement Science graduate students. The goal of the EXerT Clinic is to assist you in designing an effective exercise training regimen that will meet your own personal goals. Our services are appropriate for adults of all ages, including athletes and non-athletes alike,  who would like to:

  • Optimize sports performance
  • Enhance overall health
  • Improve physical function
  • Enhance mood and feelings of energy
  • Help to manage a chronic disease or condition

Click here for information about the EXerT Clinic: EXerT Clinic

Sponsor, Aston McCullough, Ph.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. Measurement of physical activity and health in early childhood: An integrative multi-sensor approach.  2018.

Sponsor, Mary Gillis, Ed.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. The Effects of a Reality Television Program on Transportation-Related Walking Behavior. 2018.

Sponsor, Noberto Quiles, Ed.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. The Effects Of Exercise Training In HIV-Positive Persons.  2016

Sponsor, Paul Gallo, Ed.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. Comparison Of The Metabolic Costs Of Cued Vs Non-Cued Walking In Persons With Parkinsons Disease. 2014.

Sponsor, Shirit Rosenberg, Ed.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. Associations Between Physical Function Limitations, Physical Activity And Health Status In A Nationwide Sample. 2015

Sponsor, Amerigo Rossi, Ed.D. Candidate in Applied Physiology. The Efficacy Of A Comprehensive Exercise Intervention On Urban Endometrial Cancer Survivors.  A feasibility study.  2015

Sponsor, Aimee Layton, Ph.D. Candidate in Kinesiology, Ventilatory Mechanics Endurance Athletes. March 2013.

Sponsor, Racine Emmons, Ed.D. Candidate in Movement Sciences (Applied Physiology), Traditional And Emerging Measures Of Obesity In The Assessment Of Cardiac Risk In Spinal Cord Injury. April 2009


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