Ready, Douglas D. (ddr2111)

Douglas David Ready

Professor of Education and Public Policy

Office Location:

215 Zankel

Educational Background

Ph.D., University of Michigan, Educational Foundations (Sociology) and Public Policy
M.Ed., University of Virginia, Social Foundations of Education
M.M., University of Rochester
B.M.Ed., Ohio State University

Scholarly Interests


Douglas Ready is Professor of Education and Public Policy, and Director of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (, at Teachers College, Columbia University. His research explores the links between education policy, social policy, and educational equity, with a particular focus on how contemporary policies and programs moderate or exacerbate socio-demographic disparities in student opportunities and outcomes. This work has received over $17 million in support from government and private philanthropic organizations, including the National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Education (i3, EIR), Spencer Foundation, Robin Hood Foundation, the Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) at MIT, the Eric and Wendy Schmidt Fund for Strategic Innovation, Jacobs Foundation, Rauch Foundation, Fundação Lemann, Itaú Social, and Instituto Peninsula. He has also led evaluation and review studies with corporate partners including Apple, McGraw Hill, Pearson, and Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Representative publications have appeared in Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, Educational PolicySociology of Education, Educational ResearcherAmerican Educational Research JournalAmerican Journal of EducationTeachers College Record, Research in Higher Education, Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, Early Childhood Research QuarterlyEarly Education and Development, as well as in books and edited volumes published by the Brookings Institution, National Academies, Teachers College Press, and the American Educational Research Association. He has served on the Editorial Boards of Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis and American Educational Research Journal, and as Associate Editor of Sociology of Education.  

Selected Publications

Ready, D.D., McCormick, S.G., & Shmoys, R.J. (2024). The effects of in-school virtual tutoring on student reading development: Evidence from a short-cycle randomized controlled trial (EdWorkingPaper: 24-942). Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

Shmoys, R.J., McCormick, S.G, & Ready, D.D. (2024). Constrained agency and the architecture of educational choice: Evidence from New York City (EdWorkingPaper: 24-922). Annenberg Institute at Brown University:

Ready, D.D., & Reid, J.L. (2023). Segregating Gotham's youngest: Racial/ethnic sorting and the choice architecture of New York City's Pre-K for All. American Educational Research Journal, 60(5), 1023-1052.

Dumont, H., & Ready, D.D. (2023). On the promise of personalized learning for educational equity. npj Science of Learning, 8(26), 1-6.

Lyon, M., Bretas, S., & Ready D.D. (2023). Design philanthropy: Challenges and opportunities in the evolution of philanthropic giving. Educational Policy, 37(3), 731-768.

Reid, J.L., & Ready, D.D. (2023). Integration at the start: Designing pre-K choice and enrollment systems to promote equity and excellence. In Integration and equity 2.0: New and reinvigorated approaches to school integration (4.1-1- 4.1.10). Washington, D.C.:AIR. Available at:

Nitkin, D., Ready, D.D., & Bowers, A. (2022). Utilizing hierarchical cluster analysis and heatmaps to explore and visualize data generated by a comprehensive, technology-based, personalized instructional model. Frontiers in Education, 7, 1-20.

Reid, J., & Ready, D.D. (2022). Heterogeneity in the development of executive function: Evidence from nationally representative data. Early Education and Development, 33(2), 243-267.

Daruwala, I., Bretas, S., & Ready, D.D. (2021). When logics collide: Implementing technology-enabled personalization in the age of accountability. Educational Researcher, 50(3), 157-164.

Dumont, H., & Ready, D.D. (2020). Do schools reduce or exacerbate inequality? How the associations between student achievement and achievement growth influence our understanding of the role of schooling. American Educational Research Journal, 57(2), 728-774.

Warner, M.T., & Ready, D.D. (2019). Equity, access, and mathematics coursetaking within purposefully created small high schools. Educational Policy, 33(5), 761-804.

Ready, D.D., & Reid, J.L. (2019). Children's executive function development and school socioeconomic and racial/ethnic composition. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 47, 457-471.

Chu, E.M., & Ready, D.D. (2018). Exclusion and urban public high schools: Short- and long-term consequences of school suspensions. American Journal of Education, 124(4), 479-509.

Ready, D.D., Daruwala, I., & Bretas, S. (2018). Which piper to pay? When technology-enabled personalization and accountability regimes collide. Teachers College Record, Commentary. 

Wells, A.S., Fox, L., Cordova-Cobo, D., & Ready, D.D. (2018). Addressing the patterns of resegregation in urban and suburban contexts: How to stabilize integrated schools and communities amid metro migrations. In C. Herbert, J. Spader, J. Molinsky, & S. Rieger (Eds.), A shared future: Fostering communities of inclusion in an era of inequality (398-420). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, Joint Center for Housing Studies.

Ready, D.D., & Chu, E.M. (2015). Socio-demographic inequality in early literacy development: The role of teacher perceptual accuracy. Early Education and Development, 26, 970-987.

Ready, D.D. (2013). Associations between student achievement and student learning: Implications for value-added school accountability models. Educational Policy, 27(2), 92-120.

Reid, J.L., & Ready, D.D. (2013). High-quality preschool: The socioeconomic composition of preschool classrooms and children’s learning. Early Education and Development, 24(8), 1082-1011.

Wells, A.S., Ready, D.D., Duran, J., Grzesikowski, C., Hill, K., Roda, A., Warner, M, & White, T. (2012). Still separate, still unequal, but not always so “suburban”: The changing nature of suburban school districts in the New York metropolitan area. In W.F. Tate (Ed.), Research on schools, neighborhoods, and communities (125-149). Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.

Ready, D.D., & Silander, M.R. (2011). School racial composition and young children’s cognitive development: Isolating family, neighborhood, and school influences. In E. Frankenberg & E. DeBray (Eds), Integrating schools in a changing society: New policies and legal options for a multiracial generation (91-113). Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press.

Ready, D.D., & Wright, D.L. (2011). Accuracy and inaccuracy in teachers’ perceptions of young children’s cognitive abilities: The role of child background and classroom context. American Educational Research Journal, 48(2), 335-360.

Kugelmass, H., & Ready, D.D. (2011). Racial/ethnic disparities in collegiate cognitive gains: A multilevel analysis of institutional influences on learning and its equitable distribution. Research in Higher Education, 52(4), 323-348.

Ferguson, J.L., & Ready, D.D. (2011, co-authored). Expanding notions of social reproduction: Grandparents’ educational attainment and grandchildren’s cognitive skills. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 26, 216-226.

Ready, D.D. (2010). Socio-economic disadvantage, school attendance, and early cognitive development: The differential effects of school exposure. Sociology of Education, 83(4), 271-286.

Lee, V.E., & Ready, D.D. (2009). The U.S. high school curriculum: Three phases of research and reform. The Future of Children, 19(1), 135-156.

Ready, D.D. (2008). Class-size reduction: Policy, politics, and implications for equity. Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University.

Ready, D.D. & Lee, V.E. (2008). Choice, equity, and the schools-within-schools reform. Teachers College Record, 110(9), 1930-1958.

Ready, D.D. & Lee, V.E. (2007). Optimal context size in elementary schools: Disentangling the effects of class size and school size. In T. Loveless & F.M. Hess (Eds.), Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 2006/2007 (99-135). Washington, D.C.: Brookings Institution.

Lee, V.E. & Ready, D.D. (2007, co-authored). Schools-within-schools: Possibilities and pitfalls of high school reform. New York: Teachers College Press.

Burkam, D.T., LoGerfo, L.F., Ready, D.D., & Lee, V.E. (2007). The differential effects of repeating kindergarten. Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 12(2), 103-136.

Lee, V.E., Burkam, D.T., Ready, D.D., Honigman, J.J., & Meisels, S.J. (2006). Full-day vs. half-day kindergarten: In which program do children learn more? American Journal of Education, 11(2), 163-208.

Ready, D.D., LoGerfo, L.F., Lee, V.E., & Burkam, D.T. (2005). Explaining girls’ advantage in kindergarten literacy learning: Do classroom behaviors make a difference? Elementary School Journal, 106(1), 21-38.

Lee, V.E., & Ready, D.D. (2005). The schools-within-schools reform: A viable solution to the problems of large high schools? In T. Urdan and F. Pajares (Eds.), Educating Adolescents: Challenges and Strategies (179-206). Greenwich, CT: Information Age Publications.

Ready, D.D., Lee, V.E., & Welner, K. (2004). Educational equity and high school organization. Teachers College Record, 106(10), 1989-2014.

Burkam, D.T., Ready, D.D., Lee, V.E., & LoGerfo, L. (2004). Social-class differences in summer learning between kindergarten and first grade: Model specification and estimation. Sociology of Education, 77(1), 1-31.

Nettles, M.T., Millett, C.M., & Ready, D.D. (2003). High schools on the front line: Attacking the African American/White achievement gap on college admissions tests. In D. Ravitch (Ed.), Brookings Papers on Education Policy, 2003 (215-252). Washington, D.C: Brookings Institution.

Lee, V.E., Ready, D.D., & Johnson, D.J. (2001). The difficulty of finding rare samples to study: The case of high schools divided into schools-within-schools. Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 23(4), 365-379.

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