Maintaining J-1 Status

Maintaining J-1 Status


Introduction: Why Maintain J-1 Status?

J-1 exchange visitors are required under immigration law to understand, acknowledge, and comply with certain rules and regulations. If you fail to comply with these rules and regulations you may lose certain important immigration benefits, including your eligibility to

  • accept employment
  • remain in or return to the United States following a trip abroad
  • transfer to another Exchange Visitor program
  • change to another non-immigrant status or pursue other immigration benefits

Teachers College is required to notify the U.S. Department of State in certain cases when an exchange visitor fails to maintain lawful J-1 status. For this reason, it is essential that every J-1 exchange visitor comply with the following rules. Failure to comply for even unintentional or inadvertent reasons is not considered acceptable.


Consult with Your J-1 Exchange Visitor Program Sponsor

J-1 exchange visitors at Teachers College may be sponsored either by Teachers College's Exchange Visitor program or an external agency such as the Institute of International Education (IIE), AMIDEAST, or LASPAU. If you received your Form DS-2019 from an external sponsor, it is essential that you consult with them on immigration-related matters. Your sponsor is responsible for deciding its own policies in accordance with J-1 regulations, and advising you on how to meet these policies.

As a J-1 exchange visitor, you are required to maintain valid, unexpired immigration documents while in the United States. These include:

  • an unexpired passport valid at least six months into the future (Canadian citizens excepted)
  • a valid, unexpired Form DS-2019 (see below)
  • an I-94 card marked "J-1 D/S"

Your Form DS-2019 is issued by Teachers College or another sponsoring agency for the purpose of study and research at Teachers College. It reflects your biographical information, your degree objective, a starting and ending date, your academic major / field of study, and your financial information. Your DS-2019 should reflect at all times correct, up-to-date information.  If any significant information on your DS-2019 changes (change of name, school, program objective, or financial sources), you must notify the Office of International Students and Scholars or your sponsor to request obtain an amended DS-2019.

Your I-94 record is processed electronically by the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) at an airport of port-of-entry. Your I-94 record should always be marked "J-1 D/S" to reflect your admission to the U.S. as a J-1 exchange visitor for "duration of status," i.e., for the time you are engaging in your program objectives as indicated on your DS-2019. If your I-94 record does not have the annotation "J-1 D/S," contact the OISS immediately.

All persons in J-1 and J-2 status must carry medical insurance that meets specific requirements set out by the Department of State. The minimum J-1 health insurance requirements set forth by the Department of State are as follows:

  • Medical benefits of at least $100,000 per accident or illness
  • Repatriation of remains in the amount of $25,000
  • Expenses associated with the medical evacuation of the exchange visitor to his or her home country in the amount of $50,000
  • A deductible not to exceed $500 per accident or illness.

If you willfully fail to carry adequate medical insurance for yourself and your dependents, your J-1 sponsor must terminate your program. 

J-1 exchange visitors have limited employment benefits. Please note that in all cases, to accept employment the J-1 exchange visitor must receive the prior written authorization from the Office of International Students and Scholars and/or your J-1 Exchange Visitor program sponsor.

Failure to obtain employment authorization before starting employment is considered a violation of J-1 immigration regulations.

For more questions regarding employment, please refer to the OISS website here

Contact the OISS if you will need an extension of visiting scholar program and DS-2019.

J-1 regulations permit certain kinds of changes while prohibiting others, so consult with the OISS for further information.

You are required to notify your J-1 program sponsor of any change of address or change of legal name.  This notification must be made within 10 days of the change.

  • We are required to maintain a U.S.  "physical" (actual street residential) address in your immigration records at all times. 
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